The Betta fish is also known as the Siamese Fighting Fish is native to Asia, originally coming from Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Thailand. They are usually found in the waters of rice paddies, rivers, muddy ponds, and slow-moving streams. But as the Betta fish became popular, acquiring one is no longer that difficult.
Owning a Betta fish makes for a wonderful experience. Just watching their magnificent and colorful fins makes you feel happy inside. However, not all of Betta fish owner knows exactly how to take care of a Betta fish properly.
If you are one of those who recently decided on having a Betta fish as your pet, you should read this article, that will guide you on how to take care of your Betta fish
Betta Care Supplies
We know that you want to learn about the ways on how to properly take care of your Betta fish. We’re here to help you by recommending this complete guide to Betta fish care. To start with, here are our pro tips and a list of all the essential supplies that you need to gather and assemble:
1. Fish Tank
It may be obvious why this tops the list of supplies that you will need in raising a Betta fish, but it can be surprising how many fish owners fail to consider choosing the right tank for their Bettas.
Your tank should ideally be made of glass or acrylic. Housing your Betta in a fish bowl or a small container is not a good idea. When it comes to the tank size, Bettas need a good amount of space to swim around and roam or else they’ll get restless. That is why we recommend a five-gallon tank for your Betta. A bigger one like a ten-gallon tank works as well .
2. Tank Water
The right water conditions for your Betta fish is something that you should not take for granted. Make sure that the water you have in your tank is of high-quality, fresh, clean and chlorine-free.
The water should have the proper pH level which can be accomplished by having it tested. The ideal pH range for your tank water is 6.5 to 7. Keep in mind that your Betta’s safety should be a priority.
3. Fish Food
The Betta fish, in its natural habitat, eats live insects. Don’t worry, we don’t expect you to catch mosquitoes all day just to feed your Betta. As an owner, you need to make sure that the dietary needs of your Betta fish are met. We recommend fish pellets and fish flakes for daily sustenance. Live food such as brine shrimps and bloodworms are best for your Betta if it is feeling unwell. Thawed frozen food and dried fish are also healthy treats that your Betta can snack on.
Read more: Best Betta Food
4. Filtration System
Another basic need for your Betta fish is an aquarium filter. While Betta fishes are known to survive in waters with poor conditions, it does not mean that you should keep yours in poor conditions.
We do not advise fish owners to keep their Bettas in an unfiltered tank. A tank filter helps clean the water of wastes from Betta excrements and uneaten food, prevents the harmful buildup of nitrate and ammonia, circulates air, and gets rid of other contaminants.
5. Tank Heater
It is important to note that your Betta fish is a tropical fish. This means that it thrives on warm water. Keeping the water temperature between 75 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit is important. That’s why a tank heater is something that you should not forget.
You can forego the tank heater if your room temperature consistently stays at a minimum of 70 degrees day and night. A temperature that is lower than 60 degrees and higher than 90 degrees can have serious negative effects on your betta such as premature death, an event that you wouldn’t want.
6. Tank Lid/Cover
Bettas usually jump out of the water’s surface to get oxygen from the air given their Anabantoid nature. Being Anabantoids, Bettas can breathe air above the water’s surface through their mouths. In order to prevent the Betta fish from jumping out of its tank, you should put a lid or cover on the tank.
7. Tank Light
We recommend that you get LED lighting for your Betta’s tank. It should be soft, subtle, and not too bright. LED lighting also doesn’t give off too much heat which makes it ideal.
8. Tank Decorations
You can get decorations from your pet store to add some flair to your Betta’s tank. Make sure to thoroughly wash your decorations clean before placing it inside your aquarium tank.
Read more: Best Plants for Betta
Betta Care Notes
Now that you have all the essential supplies, you can go ahead and start the wonderful experience of raising your Betta fish. After setting up your tank and gathering everything that we mentioned above, we can now proceed on giving you the basic but very important notes on how to take care of your Betta fish. Take a look at our list below:
1. The Betta fish is also known as the Siamese Fighting Fish for a reason.
The male Bettas are aggressive if housed in the same tank. Saying that they don’t get along well is an understatement. They will attack each other to the point of causing injury or even death. Our advice, never place two male Bettas in the same tank. Not even placing a transparent partition in your tank to separate two male Bettas can help. It will only induce stress to the Bettas.
2. Feed your Betta fish regularly, but be careful not to overfeed it.
Overfeeding can cause constipation. If your Betta looks swollen and their eyes are bulging, this means that you need to hold back on the fish food. Live food help in restoring your Betta’s health after being constipated. Fasting your Betta fish for a day after suffering from being overfed is not bad at all since it helps keep your Betta healthy.
3. Always check the water conditions of your Betta’s aquarium.
Maintain the proper water temperature and keep the water calm and still. If you have a tank filter installed, replace 30% of the water every week and clean your tank’s decorations. But if you don’t have a tank filter, regularly clean the tank and replace the water. Remember, the keyword here is ''clean tank'' for your magnificent Betta.
4. Be conscious about the indicators of a healthy and thriving Betta fish.
Their scales should be smooth, bright and clear. Their fins should be in good condition, which means that you should not be seeing tears or holes on them. Your Betta should also move around its tank freely and cheerfully.
Taking care of a Betta fish properly can be overwhelming at first. But once you get the hang of it, it all becomes worthwhile and rewarding. We wish you luck in raising your very own Betta fish! Always remember, a healthy Betta is a happy Betta.