Top 8 Best Filters For Goldfish in 2019

In this article we will look at the best filters for goldfish. Filtration is an important aspect of maintaining any aquarium’s health and appearance. A single goldfish needs an aquarium of at least 30 gallons and a pair should have at least a 50 gallon tank to thrive in adulthood. For that reason, all of these filters will be suitable for medium to large tanks using 50 gallons as a minimum filtration capacity.





Our rating


Filters 119 - 264 GPH

5 stages of filtration​


Flow rate of 400GPH

2-pump design for unmatchable flow and filtration​


5 - 110 GPH


30 - 100 GPH


Suitable for aquariums  25 - 100 Gal


Suitable for aquariums  10 - 20 Gal


Suitable for 50 - 175  Gal


Suitable for aquariums  up to 75 Gal

Why Use Filtration For Goldfish?

The very popular goldfish comes in many beautiful varieties and colors. They are often sold as small juveniles but can grow to be upwards of 12 inches in length given the proper amount of space. Their size requires them to be kept in a medium to large aquarium. Small goldfish bowls requiring daily water changes will only work well while the fish are very small. They will not thrive in these conditions as they try to grow. Keeping goldfish in small bowls or tanks is a sure recipe for disaster and your fish will probably not survive for long.

If you plan on keeping multiple goldfish you should be prepared to use an aquarium of at least 50 gallons. A tank this size needs a substantial filter system to maintain water quality. The best systems will provide mechanical and biological filtration as well as performing the function of adjusting the tank’s chemistry to provide the healthiest environment possible for your goldfish. Filtration is one of the key ingredients in maintaining a healthy aquatic environment.

Types Of Filters

There are many types of aquarium filters on the market. All require some kind of maintenance to keep them in proper running condition. Some have reusable sponges and cartridges that can need periodic cleaning while other systems have disposable filter cartridges that simply need to be replaced as their performance degrades.

Aquarium filters usually come rated for a specific tank size. Since goldfish do produce a large amount of waste material you should consider purchasing a filter designed for an aquarium that is larger than the one where it will actually be used. I would suggest that a filter designed for a 75 to 100 gallon tank would work very well for a 50 or 55 gallon goldfish tank. If you are planning on keeping fancy goldfish you also want a filter that allows control of the return water flow. These fish do better with a gentle water flow so make sure the filter you choose has that option. Many canister filters have a spray bar option that will diffuse the return flow and create a perfect environment for your goldfish.

The previously mention canister filters are one of the best choices for a goldfish tank. The other good option is a hang on the back (HOB) type filter. Both have some general pros and cons. Canister filters require maintenance less often and their filter media is usually reusable. They require less space behind your tank as the canister is housed below and only tubes need to get behind the tank. Canister filters offer high filtration capacity and a single unit can handle a large aquarium. Return water flow can be controlled to achieve different flow patterns in your tank. These benefits are somewhat offset by the fact that canister filters are more complicated to clean when needed.

The HOB filters offer easier maintenance at a price. They are easy to set up as long as you have enough room behind your tank. They are initially less expensive than a canister filter but a monetary consideration is that the filter media is in many cases disposable and is an on-going expense. An HOB system uses a waterfall type water return system that cannot be modified as nicely as that of a canister filter. These filters are usually not enough to take care of large tanks when used singly, but I have successfully used two at a time on my larger aquariums.

Some Of The Best Filters For Goldfish

Here are some of the best filters you can purchase for your goldfish tank.

1. Fluval C4 Power Filter

The Fluval C4 Power Filter is an HOB type filter that would work well on goldfish tanks up to 50 gallons. It provides extensive mechanical, biological and chemical filtration through a 5 step process that leads to clear and healthy aquarium water. A nice feature of this filter is that it uses a patented refiltration system that allows you to slow down the water output to protect delicate plants and fish. Its modular design allows you to perform maintenance in stages, replacing or cleaning only one type of media at a time. This filter combines some of the best features of a canister filter with the ease of use of an HOB. It is designed to allow customization of the filter media if so desired, to say replace carbon with another biological filtration pad. The filter also has a telescoping intake tube to allow water to be drawn from different depths of your tank. A nice choice in an HOB filter.

This is another excellent HOB power filter that will do well in a 50 to 55 gallon goldfish tank. Its design gives the filter up to twice the mechanical filtration capacity of other HOB filters or the addition of additional chemical filtration cartridges. Biological filtration is handled by its patented Bio-Wheel technology. Spray bars are used to drive the water into the top of the bio-wheel getting maximum aeration along with the biological filtration. It is easy to clean and install as seen in these videos found at the Mainland website.

AquaClear manufactures these power filters in varying sizes with the 110 V model a prefect match for a 50 to 55 gallon goldfish tank. This filter provides complete mechanical, biological and chemical filtration through a multi stage filtration system. It is quiet and has a large filtration volume that allows for superior contact time with the filter media. A unique waterfall system gently and silently returns the filtered water to your aquarium. It also has a flow control feature that enables you to change the water flow rate to suit your needs. As with most HOB filters it is easy to set up and its media baskets make for painless maintenance. Additional media to perform custom chemical filtration can be added to the media baskets, and you can use your own bulk materials in nylon bags instead of being tied to a manufacturer’s replacements.

Those aquarists wanting to go with a canister filter won’t go wrong with this filter. As with all canister filters it does great job of mechanical, biological and chemical filtration. It accomplishes this by using stacked filter trays that force the water to go through instead of around the layers of filter media. It comes with a quick prime button to assist with restarts and promises quick spill-free maintenance. The top of the unit is easy to remove for access to the media baskets.It is easy to set up though care must be taken to follow the instruction in regard to the O-rings to avoid leakage. This is a quiet filter that will do well for a 55 gallon goldfish tank.

Fluval makes a great canister filter in addition to the HOB filter reviewed above. It performs complete 3 stage filtration through the use of layers of various filter media that can be customized for your tank’s requirements. Employing a sound dampening impeller design leads to quiet operation. Its square design allows for more water to be exposed to the filtration elements than other manufacturers round design. Fluval has re-engineered their priming system which makes the filter easy to start. Its aqua stop valve assembly makes it easy to remove hoses for simple and drip free maintenance. The 406 is the right size filter for a 50-55 gallon goldfish tank and you will be pleased with the results.

6. Hikari Bacto-Surge High Density

If you have fish that lives comfortably in low flow water or tiny ones that might get sucked into regular filters, then this is what you should get. Unlike other cleaners, it is not as expensive so for those with a tight budget. This product would not hurt your wallet as much; and as a bonus, it provides no noise. If you are worried about going through the trouble of cleaning, it is surprising to know that it is actually easy to clean due to its soft sponge material.

What I really like about this filter is that despite its size, it’s still able to look excellent inside of smaller aquariums. Goldfish filter set up is not even an issue because it is quick and simple. You do not need to go through complicated processes. With its low flow, it is the best filter, especially for 10 to 20-gallon goldfish tanks.

Great for small fish or fish that requires low flowing water
High-quality foam allows efficient filtration
Not as expensive as other filters
With the air-duct built inside you wouldn’t need to put in an air-line extension

Tt doesn't allow or have room for any type of air stone
The base is weighted, but it wasn't enough to keep it from floating up. 

7. Penn Plax Cascade 600 Submersible Aquarium Filter

For those people who have tanks that are above 50 gallons, this filter is the best canister filter for goldfish tank and would be the right choice. After all, with how it’s able to take in 175 gallons of water per hour, the state of cleanliness within your tank will remain for weeks and even months. With that amount of water filtered in just one hour, it is indeed a powerful filter. However, no need to worry about the goldfish filter being too strong or the distribution of water since it has a spray bar option that will aerate your tank no problem.

If you have a lot of goldfish that is bound to get your tank dirty very fast or turtles, then this filter will be able to handle the strain of the entire gunk. It’s quick, it’s strong, and it’s easy.

Wouldn't need to get an air stone since it's hushed
It’s built so that it would be easy to take apart
It's very sturdy even though it's made out of plastic
It comes with a pump head that allows you to adjust the direction of the water flow

The top part of the filter may be difficult to separate
It is a very powerful filter so it wouldn’t be recommended for smaller tanks with even smaller fishes.

8. SeaChem – Large Aquarium Fish Tank Filter

This filter has many different options that you can use to adjust according to the type of tank that you have, and it even has an automatic maintenance alert mechanism for when you need to clean the filter. With that, you would not have to keep checking at different time intervals just to see if it is already due. It’s the kind of filter that can allow you to control the intake with three points, where you can also turn it completely off so you can use it in shallow tanks without any worries.

With the 3 point option for the intake, you can have better circulation for your goldfishes within the tank, and that's really something your fishes will enjoy. Also, it even leaves a significant amount of space. So much that it enables you to put in other filtrations.

It alerts you when the filter already needs to be cleaned
Tanks with shallow water can use this filter as well
It has options regarding filter setups that you can choose from
You can adjust the flow of its water

It's dangerous for small fry since the intake screen's openings are large
It’s a little loud.

What is the Best Filter For Your Goldfish

All of the filters reviewed above are excellent and will do a fine job of maintaining your goldfish aquarium as long as you properly size them. As stated earlier, for large tanks you may want to use multiple versions of the same filter to achieve the best results. You can choose to go with an HOB or canister filter to suit your preference.

With that said I would recommend the Fluval C4 Power Filter if I were looking for a filter for my goldfish. The excellent 3 stage filtration combined with the ease of use and maintenance makes this a winner for me. The fact that this filter lets you control the water flow to protect delicate fancy goldfish make this a great choice for any aquarist who keeps goldfish.

The Best Betta Tanks In 2019 Market – Top 5 Reviews

Taking care of betta fish requires you to do some research as they are not like the "ordinary" fish on the market. Betta fish, also known as Siamese Fighting Fish, are those brightly colored fishes usually seen in pet shops and sold alone in small fishbowls. There is a very important reason for this - placing more than one of these fish in a tank isn't ideal as they will start to fight each other, regardless of their gender.

First discovered in South East Asia, betta fish have become used to less than ideal weather conditions such as storms and droughts. Because of this, betta fish are able to survive out of the water for short spans of time as long as they stay moist. Betta fish survive best in smaller sized tanks, as long as the water is regularly changed for it to remain clean.

Betta Fish – Why Is It Important To Choose The Right Tank?

Betta fish do well in warm water which is somewhat acidic (pH level 6.5 to 7) as cold water might stifle the immune system, making them sick. To keep bettas healthy, you have to also feed them properly - these fish have mouths which are turned upward and they feed on the surface of the water.  Commercial betta food is ideal for feeding these fish as they come in pellet form, which consists of dried bloodworms, brine shrimp or daphnia, which are the bettas main foods, plus some vitamins and minerals.

Though buying a betta fish for a pet may seem complicated, it's actually easy. You just need to have all the information needed in caring for them and getting the perfect tank for your fish to live in. Once you are able to get everything you need to complete your betta fish's environment, all you'd have to do is find the fish with the colors you prefer.

You must commit to the fact that you will have to care for this living thing as it needs a lot of care and attention. Caring for your betta fish in the best possible way will allow them/he/she to live longer and remain healthy, vibrant. Betta fish with their colorful appearance then adds color to your home or office space, which could possibly ease your stress and provide a relaxing effect.

Now that you have some basic information about betta fish, you must also know about the best betta tanks available on the market - to make caring for your betta a much easier task. Having the perfect tank will allow your fish to have good condition to flourish and have a longer life. Read on and gather as much information as you can!

What Kind Of Tank Is Needed For Betta Fish?

Having betta fish as pets have become more and more popular these days. Because of their unique beauty and vibrant colors, more people are choosing to keep them to add to the aesthetic appeal of their homes or offices. There are a few things to think about before deciding to buy your own betta fish and probably the most important one is finding the best tank to house it in. Below are important points to consider when choosing the right tank:

Tank For One

As stated previously, it is important to keep your betta fish in a solitary environment because of its aggressive nature. Housing more than one fish in a tank isn't ideal as they will end up fighting with each other. Betta fish have no difficulty killing another especially if it is more extraordinary and beautiful in appearance. Though in their natural environment, the weaker fish may have the chance to flee, being kept in a confined space will ensure its demise. This is especially true for male betta fish. So the first rule - one is enough.

Size Matters

Though when being sold in pet shops, beta fish are often placed in small cups or fishbowls. This is alright for short periods of time but as soon as you buy them, they would require more space to swim in the long run. Of course, all fish would immensely enjoy the vast space of a large tank, however, if your home or office space is small, a smaller tank is also okay. Betta fish like exercising and swimming around so the biggest tank that would fit your space would be ideal. If your fish has enough space to swim around, it will remain healthy and vibrant. Also, bigger tanks don't get dirty too quickly, ensuring a better quality of water for your fish to swim in. Basically, a betta fish tank should contain a minimum of 1 gallon of water, but more is better.

Which Shape Is Best?

When it comes to shapes, there are lots of different options. Round ones, traditional rectangular ones, tanks which have dividers, modern looking tanks and so much more. Actually, the shape of your tank isn't as important as its size. You can use your creativity in picking your betta fish tank's shape. Choose one which best fits the space you will place it on, as long as it's big enough to keep your fish happy and healthy.

Interior Design

Often fish tanks are laden with items and decorations inside, which makes it look more colorful and attractive. But what is the optimum amount of decorations inside your tank? Again, you should consider the size of the tank you plan to get and set up the decorations accordingly. Placing too many decorations might lessen the space for your betta fish to swim. Besides, since betta fish are already very attractive, in this case, less decoration is better.

Your Betta Fish Tank Buying Guide

Plan It Out

Take a look around your home or office and decide where you would like to situate your betta fish. It should be out of the reach of children, it could be in a place which is reached by sunlight and possibly near a place where you can plug in the necessary equipment/accessories of your tank. Choose a size which can accommodate your betta as well as whatever items or decorations you plan to place inside your tank. Also, make sure you have a clear idea of your water source as the water will have to be changed regularly.

Filtration System

Though it's important to choose a tank with a filter to keep your water clean, it is important to note that bettas dislike strong flowing water. So it is best to pick a tank filter which is adjustable and set it to a moderate mode . However, if you feel that the current is still too strong in your tank, you have the option to add some plants to weaken the flow.

Turn Up The Heat

Another important accessory to have in your betta tank is a heater. Since betta fish typically prefer warm water (around 77 – 80 degrees Fahrenheit), depending on your environment, you would probably need to have this additional accessory.

Preparing the Environment

When buying your tank, you should also think about the environment of your betta fish - which means you'd also have to buy plants and gravel to make your fish more comfortable. Finer gravel is ideal as it gathers less dirt and uneaten fish food which sinks to the base of your tank. Adding live plants is best for betta fish as their natural environment contain gravel as well. Fill your tank halfway with water first so you can properly situate your live plants before filling the tank.

The Reviews Of The 5 Best Betta Tanks

Wasn't that a great read? Now that you have more information about caring for betta fish and finding the perfect tank, it's a lot easier for you to make your choice. There are many choices out there and below are a few of the best ones. Have fun reading!

EcoQubeC Aquarium – Desktop Betta Fish Tank

EcoQubeC Aquarium – Desktop Betta Fish Tank

This small but charming tank could contain up to 2 gallons of water. It can easily be featured on your desk in the office or on a shelf in your home.

It includes landscaping and, when you add your beautiful betta fish, it would be an aesthetically pleasing decoration to your home or office!

This tank is a complete starter kit which includes a filter, sand, decorations, basil seeds and a wireless remote LED light. It has all you would need to build a good environment for your new pet. The aquaponics filter which is included is convenient and easy to maintain. It allows the plants in the tank to absorb the waste so you don't have to change the water frequently.


  • Includes the Aquaponics filter system.
  • It's a complete kit - all you need to do it set it up.
  • Convenient size allows you to place it even in small spaces.
  • Low maintenance because of the filtration system and the plants.


  • You would need three weeks waiting for the basil seeds to grow enough to be able to filter and absorb the fish waste, which means you would have to plan way ahead purchase this product in advance.
  • There may be problems with the LED lights.

Marineland ML90609 Portrait Aquarium Kit, 5-Gallon

Marineland ML90609 Portrait Aquarium Kit, 5-Gallon

This nifty product comes complete with the items and decorations you need to make a whole environment for your betta fish. It's quaint and lovely facade is quite modern and would be a beautiful addition to your home or office space.

This comes with instructions to assemble the kit and make it livable for your new pet. This product is ideal for people on the go who prefer to bring together their fish tank easily.


  • Comes with a 3 stage hidden back panel filtration and an adjustable water filter.
  • Comes with colored LEDs - bright white for daylight and a calming blue for moonlight setting.
  • Easy access to the tank from the sliding glass canopy and also includes a hinged light.


  • Water heater is not included.
  • Not suitable for bigger spaces

Tetra Waterfall Globe Aquarium 29008

Tetra Waterfall Globe Aquarium 29008

Looking for a lovely, unique tank for your betta fish? The Tetra Waterfall Globe Aquarium is perfect for you! It can contain up to 1.8 gallons of water, making it a conveniently lovely ornament for your home or office.

This complete kit includes lighting, a power filter and cartridge based filtration which is quite easy to set up.

Since it is miniature, it doesn't need a pump, though it does come with a built-in waterfall feature which rotates the water in the tank, creating movement and providing oxygen for your betta, which is crucial for its health.


  • Size allows you to situate it in most places.
  • Has its own filtration system.
  • The LED lighting is easy to use as it has a separate on/off button.
  • Unique waterfall feature.


  • Built in filtration system may present problems when it gets broken.
  • Size only allows for betta fish.

Fluval Edge Aquarium With LED Light

Fluval Edge Aquarium With LED Light

This gorgeous fish tank is perfect for big homes and large office spaces to add beauty and liveliness. Having a wonderfully eye-catching item such as this in one's home and office will surely bring a smile to everyone's faces.

The Fluval Edge Aquarium is massive compared to more common betta fish tanks and can contain a lot of water aside from the plants and decorations which are included with it. Aside from sand/gravel, it also includes lovely plants to enhance the look and to add to your new pet's environment and give it a richer life!


  • 6 sided and can contain up to 12 gallons of water.
  • User-friendly Edge Filter with Cycle Guard.
  • Includes water treatment systems - Nutrafin Cycle and Nutrafin Aquaplus.
  • Accessories and wiring can be concealed in the decorative column which is included.


  • Item is non-returnable.
  • Not ideal for small spaces.

Back To The Roots Water Garden Fish Tank

Back To The Roots Water Garden Fish Tank

This uniquely designed tank is best for those who'd like to add a little flair to their home or office space and it may contain up to 3 gallons of water. The plants growing on top of the water clean and filter the water for the fish living below.

This fun and complete kit contain organic seeds and fertilizer, fish food, a water pump which you can submerge in the water, gravel, and stones plus a coupon for your betta fish! The seeds included are actually herbs which you can also collect or harvest. It's like killing two birds with one stone!


  • Includes a self-sustained herb garden.
  • Complete kit - all you have to do is set it up!
  • Includes an Aquaponics filtration system.
  • Modern, cool design.


  • Design doesn't allow for a heater to be installed, so it's not ideal for people who live in cold climates.

The Final Verdict

Before going into a pet store, you should remember all the guidelines and tips you had read in this helpful article. Whatever purpose you have for buying a betta fish, you are now equipped with enough know how to successfully carry out all the tasks needed to prepare.

If you have enough space in your home or office and wish to have a large tank with user-friendly Edge filters, then Fluval Betta Tank is a perfect choice. If there is space constraint, you can opt for Back to the roots fish tank which is modern and has high-quality filter systems. It comes with a complete kit and is easy to install. It even has a herb garden which serves as a beautiful addition to the tank. It certainly deserves to be number 1 on our list here. So, you’re your betta fish a beautiful aquarium and make your office and home more beautiful. Good luck and have fun picking out your new pet!

Best betta food – What and how to feed your betta fish

Betta fish is a bit sensitive when it comes to food, and a lot of betta fish owners have a tough time finding the best betta food for their pets. They refuse to eat a lot of food, and sometimes they just try it and spit it out a few moments later. Don’t worry, there’s a solution to this, they just need some extra attention, and you need just a few pointers on the food selection.

What kind of food does betta fish eat?

a beatutìul betta is looking for food

Bettas are carnivores, so naturally, they eat flesh. High protein based diet is a must for a betta fish to be healthy. In their natural surroundings, betta fish will eat almost anything that is smaller than them. Worms, bloodworms, daphnia, brine shrimp, mosquito larvae and tiny fish.
Since they are in a home environment, the food choice is quite limited for them, they can only hope you get best brands of betta food, and you keep their diet diverse by throwing in some of the  betta food pellets or the fry food.
Bloodworms are the best frozen food for a betta, and bettas do like them, but they can get tired of them if they get only bloodworms to eat every day. You can try to find some of the live betta food, but that will be a tricky task since that kind of food is not that accessible.

Best types of food for betta fish


All betta food can be divided into 5 groups that together make a group of betta food you can feed to your fish:

  •  The first one is floating pellets. Floating pellets are usually the main food source for betta fish. They vary in size and quality, so choose based on those two factors. Also, always read the ingredients and make sure that they are high in protein. And since they are usually made in bigger chunks, it’s the best food for a giant betta.
  • The second type is the sinking pellets. They can also be used as the main food source. But, betta fish usually eat of the water’s surface, so their natural instinct won’t lead them to sink pellets, but they might work.
  • The third type is the betta flakes, which are very hard to control how much should you feed them to the fish. They also sink pretty fast and will be hard to remove if there are any remains.
  • Bloodworms are one of the betta’s favorite foods. They can be bought frozen, and they come packed in cubes. One cube can have around 100 of bloodworms. Be careful not to drop an entire cube into the tank. Cut it into smaller pieces and put in a cup filled with tank water.
    Get one or two worms out of there and feed them to your fish. And do not re-freeze unused worms, throw them out instead. It’s the best food for betta fighter.
  • The last type of food is freeze dried, which is usually daphnia, krill, shrimp or bloodworms. This kind of food has low nutritional value, and should not be used as the main food source. It should be used as a treat. It can be used one or two times a week, and that’s it.

Best betta food recommendations

Omega One Freeze Dried Blood Worms

Omega One Freeze Dried Blood Worms

A package of .46 OZ of large bloodworms that betta fish loves to eat. It’s one of the best color enhancing betta food, and it’s very high in protein. Rich in natural fat and low in ash, your betta fish will stay healthy with this type of selected food.
It also doesn’t could the water, so you won’t have to deal with that type of mess. Soak them a bit in the tank water before feeding, for about 5mins. Bettas turn into piranhas when they taste bloodworms; they absolutely love them. It can be said that it’s the best natural food for betta fish.

New Life Spectrum Betta Formula

New Life Spectrum Betta Formula Product

If the color enhancement is your concern, and you would like to add nutrients that are essential for bettas color, this food can be a great addition to their diet. It’s made of fully natural ingredients which are very important for color enhancement and fish’s vitality.
These semi-floating pellets are made of south Antarctic krill, herring, squid and mussel protein from New Zealand. With several ingredients added to boost the immune system and balance the diet. It’s high in protein, and it doesn’t contain soy or hormone additives. It has all the necessary vitamins that betta fish needs for a healthy life. It could be the best betta food for color. And the best food for betta splendens, that keeps the little fighters vital and strong.

Ocean Nutrition Atison's Betta Food

Ocean Nutrition Atison's Betta Food Product

2.6 OZ packaging of floating pellet food. It’s specifically made for betta fish, and it contains all the nutrients they need. It’s possibly the best floating betta food. It doesn’t cloud the water, and it will help the fish to enhance that color. It can last up to 6 months after it is being opened.
The food floats for a long time, so the fish have plenty of time to eat all the food. And the pieces are very small, so bettas can munch on them instantly, without having to spit them out and break into smaller pieces. It could be considered the best food for baby betta fish.

Aqueon Betta Pellets Betta Food

Aqueon Betta Pellets Betta Food

Another great daily betta food. The pellets are just the right size, so the fish doesn’t overfeed. It’s a .95 OZ packaging full of balanced nutrition for the fish. It doesn’t contain any artificial colors, and all the ingredients are natural.
The color of the food is from the natural ingredients, and it will bring out the fish’s natural colors. The pellets don’t float for a long time, but because they are a perfect size, bettas eat them very quickly. If your betta tends to spit out food, this one can be a great solution for that. And it’s possibly the best food for crowntail betta fish.

​Tetra 16838 BettaMin™ Tropical Medley

Tetra 16838 BettaMin™ Tropical Medley

Tropical flakes made to make bettas happy. The food is made in Germany, and it weighs .81 OZ. It contains flakes and krill, and it’s suitable for daily feeding. It has all the nutrients needed to be complete diet food. It also enhances the color of the fish and is very high in protein, almost 50%!
For those bettas that have a hard time or don’t like to eat the pellets, flakes might be the answer. It floats long enough for the betta to grab all of it, and it doesn’t cloud the water. Along with the Spectrum formula, this food also could be the best color enhancing betta food available and one of the best betta flake foods out there.

​Zoo Med Dial

Zoo Med Dial

Now that you saw plenty of daily foods, it’s only fair to give a treat to your pet. It has a very convenient packaging containing 3 types of treats: bloodworms (of course), daphnia and mysis. All the good and favorite stuff of betta fishes.
Probably they won’t leave anything floating; they go crazy about these. The ingredients are all natural, and the total weight of the treats is .12 OZ.

What is the feeding schedule for a betta fish?

Betta in the mirror

While most people will feed their fish up to three times a day, thinking just because some time has passed the fish might be hungry, it doesn’t mean you should do it. You can feed your bettas even one time only, and they will be fine, although twice a day is ok too.
You can determine the time of the day you will feed the fish, based on your schedule. It takes around 10 minutes per feeding session, so 20 minutes of your day total. Feed your betta and make sure it eats all the food. If it doesn’t, then remove the leftovers.
Also, if you got up in the morning and the fish is still sleeping, don’t wake it up just to feed it. Let the fish adjust to your schedule. Select a day in a week that will be used for fasting. One day of fasting will make the fish clear its digestive system and resolve the issues regarding constipation.
When it comes to the amount of food, you should keep track at first how much and what does your betta eats. Based on this, you can create a schedule for food and treats. For example, if you feed your fish one time a day, feed it four pellets or three bloodworms. If you feed it two times, then give it two pellets or one bloodworm.
If, however, you feed it three times a day, which is not recommended, then fed it only two pellets or one bloodworm each time.

Should you feed your betta’s tropical fish food flakes?

Since bettas are tropical fish, tropical fish food flakes will do just fine. But, bettas are carnivores, and tropical fish flakes are food that’s plant-based, so they don’t have enough protein. You could feed your betta’s tropical fish food flakes, as long that’s not the only thing they eat.
They require meat protein, and that should be their main course.

Common problems with betta fish and food


Bettas tend to spit out their food; this is one of the most common problems that betta owners encounter. Usually, the reason being is the big chunks of food. If the food chunks are too big, the fish spit them out and try to break them off into smaller pieces.
If you notice this, try to break the food into smaller pieces before you put it in the tank. And sometimes they even have problems with frozen bloodworms due to their texture. Grab a cup of tank water and put the worms in, let them soften up a bit, and then feed them to your fish.
One more common problem for fresh betta owners is that their fish refuses to eat, and this is normal. They always need time to adjust to a new home. If they haven’t changed their home recently, and they don’t want to eat, they might be constipated, and one day of fasting will do them good.
There are some other things that can be a factor, like water quality, hiding places, and tank size.

Betta Food F.A.Q

Can a betta fish eat goldfish food?

This is a very popular question, but the only similarity between the two is that they are both fish, and that’s it. Bettas are carnivores while goldfish are omnivores. Usually, goldfish food is low in protein, which is essential for betta fish.
So in short, yes, betta fish can eat goldfish food, but they shouldn’t. Because it’s not nutritional enough for betta fish to be healthy.

What human food can I feed my betta fish?

Although you can feed your betta human food, it should not be often, and it should never be the main food source. Bear in mind that human food is mostly land food, and although bettas are carnivores, it might not be the best to feed them the flesh of land animals.
Some people tend to feed them chicken as a treat, but this isn’t natural for the fish, and the meat of farm animals also has antibiotics in it which can harm the fish.

Can betta fish eat peas?

This is a popular question in the community. And yes, they can. Bettas like peas, and it helps them with constipation and bloating. It’s very good for their digestive system. But, you should be careful when feeding peas to your fish.
Don’t give your fish frozen pea, boil it instead and remove the skin. Then cut it into smaller pieces. This way it will be easy for your fish to eat it.


And that concludes all the info you might need to find the best food for your betta. If you’re the proud new owner of betta fish, now you only need to get the hang of that feeding schedule, and your fish will be happy and healthy. Check out the food suggestions, and try them out, you might need to change them up until you find out the perfect match for your fish, since they are not all the same.

The Complete Guide To Betta Fish Care

The Betta fish is also known as the Siamese Fighting Fish is native to Asia, originally coming from Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Thailand. They are usually found in the waters of rice paddies, rivers, muddy ponds, and slow-moving streams. But as the Betta fish became popular, acquiring one is no longer that difficult.

Owning a Betta fish makes for a wonderful experience. Just watching their magnificent and colorful fins makes you feel happy inside. However, not all of Betta fish owner knows exactly how to take care of a Betta fish properly.

If you are one of those who recently decided on having a Betta fish as your pet, you should read this article, that will guide you on how to take care of your Betta fish

Betta Care Supplies

We know that you want to learn about the ways on how to properly take care of your Betta fish. We’re here to help you by recommending this complete guide to Betta fish care. To start with, here are our pro tips and a list of all the essential supplies that you need to gather and assemble:

1. Fish Tank

It may be obvious why this tops the list of supplies that you will need in raising a Betta fish, but it can be surprising how many fish owners fail to consider choosing the right tank for their Bettas.

Your tank should ideally be made of glass or acrylic. Housing your Betta in a fish bowl or a small container is not a good idea. When it comes to the tank size, Bettas need a good amount of space to swim around and roam or else they’ll get restless. That is why we recommend a five-gallon tank for your Betta. A bigger one like a ten-gallon tank works as well .

2. Tank Water

The right water conditions for your Betta fish is something that you should not take for granted. Make sure that the water you have in your tank is of high-quality, fresh, clean and chlorine-free.

The water should have the proper pH level which can be accomplished by having it tested. The ideal pH range for your tank water is 6.5 to 7. Keep in mind that your Betta’s safety should be a priority.

3. Fish Food

The Betta fish, in its natural habitat, eats live insects. Don’t worry, we don’t expect you to catch mosquitoes all day just to feed your Betta. As an owner, you need to make sure that the dietary needs of your Betta fish are met. We recommend fish pellets and fish flakes for daily sustenance. Live food such as brine shrimps and bloodworms are best for your Betta if it is feeling unwell. Thawed frozen food and dried fish are also healthy treats that your Betta can snack on.

Read more: Best Betta Food

4. Filtration System

Another basic need for your Betta fish is an aquarium filter. While Betta fishes are known to survive in waters with poor conditions, it does not mean that you should keep yours in poor conditions.

We do not advise fish owners to keep their Bettas in an unfiltered tank. A tank filter helps clean the water of wastes from Betta excrements and uneaten food, prevents the harmful buildup of nitrate and ammonia, circulates air, and gets rid of other contaminants.

5. Tank Heater

It is important to note that your Betta fish is a tropical fish. This means that it thrives on warm water. Keeping the water temperature between 75 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit is important. That’s why a tank heater is something that you should not forget.

You can forego the tank heater if your room temperature consistently stays at a minimum of 70 degrees day and night. A temperature that is lower than 60 degrees and higher than 90 degrees can have serious negative effects on your betta such as premature death, an event that you wouldn’t want.

6. Tank Lid/Cover

Bettas usually jump out of the water’s surface to get oxygen from the air given their Anabantoid nature. Being Anabantoids, Bettas can breathe air above the water’s surface through their mouths. In order to prevent the Betta fish from jumping out of its tank, you should put a lid or cover on the tank.

7. Tank Light

We recommend that you get LED lighting for your Betta’s tank. It should be soft, subtle, and not too bright. LED lighting also doesn’t give off too much heat which makes it ideal.

8. Tank Decorations

You can get decorations from your pet store to add some flair to your Betta’s tank. Make sure to thoroughly wash your decorations clean before placing it inside your aquarium tank.

Betta Care Notes

Now that you have all the essential supplies, you can go ahead and start the wonderful experience of raising your Betta fish. After setting up your tank and gathering everything that we mentioned above, we can now proceed on giving you the basic but very important notes on how to take care of your Betta fish. Take a look at our list below:

1. The Betta fish is also known as the Siamese Fighting Fish for a reason.

The male Bettas are aggressive if housed in the same tank. Saying that they don’t get along well is an understatement. They will attack each other to the point of causing injury or even death. Our advice, never place two male Bettas in the same tank. Not even placing a transparent partition in your tank to separate two male Bettas can help. It will only induce stress to the Bettas.

2. Feed your Betta fish regularly, but be careful not to overfeed it.

Overfeeding can cause constipation. If your Betta looks swollen and their eyes are bulging, this means that you need to hold back on the fish food. Live food help in restoring your Betta’s health after being constipated. Fasting your Betta fish for a day after suffering from being overfed is not bad at all since it helps keep your Betta healthy.

3. Always check the water conditions of your Betta’s aquarium.

Maintain the proper water temperature and keep the water calm and still. If you have a tank filter installed, replace 30% of the water every week and clean your tank’s decorations. But if you don’t have a tank filter, regularly clean the tank and replace the water. Remember, the keyword here is ''clean tank'' for your magnificent Betta.

4. Be conscious about the indicators of a healthy and thriving Betta fish.

Their scales should be smooth, bright and clear. Their fins should be in good condition, which means that you should not be seeing tears or holes on them. Your Betta should also move around its tank freely and cheerfully.

Taking care of a Betta fish properly can be overwhelming at first. But once you get the hang of it, it all becomes worthwhile and rewarding. We wish you luck in raising your very own Betta fish! Always remember, a healthy Betta is a happy Betta.

The Most Beautiful Betta Fish In The World

Bettas are very popular tropical fish. The long flowing fins of the males make them particularly attractive to aquarium owners. There are many different varieties of betta fish that in some cases have very dramatic physical characteristics. Through selective breeding, incredible colors combinations have been created. These same techniques have seen breeders concentrating on the fins and tails develop a wide array of strikingly beautiful varieties. I would like to show you a collection of these fish that I consider to be among the most beautiful betta fish in the world.

1. Royal Blue Half-Moon Betta

This is a gorgeous example of the half-moon betta, named for the shape formed by their fins and tail. I find this combination of colors perfectly highlight the half-moon feature.

2. Red Rosetail

Betta Here is a slightly different mutation of the half-moon tail type . Their color and full, flowing lines make it seem to shimmer in the water. Here again we see the color used to great effect to highlight the distinctive fins.

3. Black Orchid Crowntail Betta

This type of fish makes the list for their blend of simplicity and complexity. The crowntail variety is another class of the species genetic mutations. In this example the simple black color in stark contrast to the intricate tail and fins make this type of fish irresistible to the eye.

4. Crowntail Betta

Here is another crowntail betta. In this case the magnificent colors augment the amazingly intricate fins. I find the way the fins transition from blue to red to be particularly striking. Simply another beautiful fish brought into existence by a diligent breeder.

5. Veil Tail Betta

The vail tail betta is the variety most often found for sale in pet stores. Their name comes from their flowing, veil-like fins. Though perhaps not as breathtaking as some other varieties of betta, they are nevertheless beautiful. Color mutations have made these fish available in a vast array of shades. Here are two that I consider to be among the best of the veil tails. It's all about the color!

6. The Double-tailed Betta

As their name indicates, the double-tailed betta has been selectively bred to have two tails. In some cases this feature is combined with some of the more exotic types of fins to create truly amazing fish. This photo highlights the double-tail of this very pretty fish.

7. Combtail Betta

Combtail bettas are the result of breeding crowntail bettas with other varieties such as vail tails. Their tails are usually not as long and flowing as the crowntails, but are still very distinctive in their own right. Here is a nice example of a comb tail with very nice golden red coloring.

8. White Crowntail Betta

Here is another beautiful crowntail betta, this time in white. This type of fish would look beautiful in an aquarium with dark decor where their color would be amplified.

9. Multi-Colored Half-Moon Betta

Last but certainly not least, this may be the most beautiful betta that I have ever seen. Their truly remarkable colors and perfectly formed tail and fins put it on the top of my list. This fish almost appears too delicate to actually exist. See for yourself.

Beautiful Betta Fish

I hope you enjoyed these images of some of the most beautiful betta fish in the world. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder so I encourage you to further explore the world of bettas. I find the incredible diversity of these fish to be fascinating and am constantly amazed at the new varieties available. These fish are also reasonably easy to care for so you can indeed own one of these beauties yourself. Importantly, only one male betta can be kept in a tank to avoid violence between them, so choose wisely. I welcome any comments on this list and if you liked it please share it with your friends, whether they are aquarists or just appreciate the inherent beauty of living thing.

What Are The 5 Best Plants For Betta Fish?

Also known as Siamese Fighting Fish, betta fish (Betta splendens) are some of the most brightly colored freshwater fish in the aquarium industry. These lovely fish are only a few inches long in body but their gorgeous, flowing fins often make them appear much larger. As tempting as it might be to keep a tank full of these fish, bettas are best kept by themselves because males of the species tend to be pretty aggressive and they will fight if kept in a tank with another betta.

Just because you can only keep one betta fish per tank doesn’t mean you can’t make that tank something to be proud of. Choose a tank large enough that your betta can swim freely and be sure to include room for decorations. In addition to novelty decorations and natural décor items, you should think about adding a plant or two to your betta tank. Which plants should you choose? Keep reading to learn about our top 5 picks!

Why Do Betta Fish Need Aquarium Plants?

When it comes to betta fish care, the same basic rules apply as for most freshwater fish. These fish require a tank large enough that they have room to swim which usually means a minimum of two gallons, though bigger is better. In addition to the tank itself, you’ll need to equip your betta tank with a heater to keep the water within the proper range (about 72°F to 78°F) as well as an aquarium filter to keep the water clean. You might also want to outfit your tank with an LED light to show your betta fish’s bright colors off.

Once you have met your betta’s minimum requirements for tank size and tank equipment, you should think about adding a plant or two. Aquarium plants don’t just add to the aesthetics of a betta tank, they also help to keep the tank water clean and oxygenated so your betta remains healthy. You shouldn’t have to worry about buying a special lighting system for just one or two small plants, especially if your tank is exposed to ambient light. You should, however, take care to choose the right kind of plant for your betta tank – keep reading to learn more.

The 5 Best Plants For Betta Fish

When choosing an aquarium plant for your betta tank, there are a few requirements to keep in mind. First and foremost, choose a plant that doesn’t grow too large – you don’t want it to fill your entire tank and crowd your betta. Next, think about how much lighting you have for your tank – aquarium plants are photosynthetic organisms so they need light to grow. Finally, choose a hardy plant that is easy to maintain so you don’t have to worry about fertilization or other maintenance tasks. To help you decide which plant to choose for your betta tank, here are our five favorite options:


One of the easiest aquarium plants to grow, anubias is a great option for your betta tank. Anubias comes in a variety of different species and it doesn’t have high requirements for light. If you choose anubias for your betta tank, select a species that remains fairly short and keep it trimmed back if it starts to grow too large. You can tether this plant to one of your décor items but it shouldn’t be rooted.

Java Moss

If you want a low-maintenance plant for your betta fish tank, java moss is an excellent option. This plant has a lovely flowing appearance and a bright green color that will look quite striking against the bright color of your betta fish. One thing to keep in mind with this species is that java moss tends to prefer cooler temperatures but they usually do okay in betta tanks anyway.


If you’re looking for a hardy plant that grows quickly, anacharis is a great option. This is a stem plant that can be rooted or left as a floating plant, depending on your preference. If you choose to plant this species, you might want to tie it down because it takes some time for the roots to develop. If your anacharis starts to grow too quickly, just pinch off the upper growth and allow it to fill out instead.

Java Fern

Another aquarium plant that is very easy to grow is java fern. This plant produces long, narrow leaves that grow to a point. These plants do not require a lot of bright lighting or attention and they can be propagated simply by plucking one of the leaves and letting it grow into an entirely new plant. You can bury the roots of this plant in your gravel or substrate but be careful not to bury the rhizome – the green stem that the leaves grow from – because it could kill the plant.


Have you ever seen an outdoor pond covered in a layer of green? That layer of green consists of myriad tiny leaves called duckweed. Duckweed is a floating plant so you don’t need to worry about lining your tank with plant substrate – all you need to do is give the duckweed a little bit of light and it will be fine.

One thing to be aware of with duckweed is that it tends to grow very quickly – this can be a good thing and a bad thing. The good part is that your betta fish might enjoy eating the duckweed as a snack. The bad thing is that it could filter out too much light. If you choose to use duckweed in your betta tank, remove some of it once in a while to keep it from growing too thick on the surface of your tank. Read our guide to grow duckweed here.

These are just five of the top choices in aquarium plants for betta fish, though there are many more out there. If you don’t like any of the choices above, simply look for a hardy plant that has low light requirements and that doesn’t grow too quickly.


Did you enjoy this tutorial for choosing aquarium plants for betta fish? It is my hope that after reading this guide will be eager to give your betta tank a facelift by adding a fresh green plant. Like and share this article with your friends and leave us some comments about your experience with betta fish as well as your favorite aquarium plants. Thanks for reading!

Types Of Goldfish And Their Characteristics You Should Know

Goldfish are the most popular type of fish that people keep today. You can have an easy time brightening up the room when you get to have an aquarium with goldfish. Many people do not always realize this, but goldfish comes as different types. The one that you see at your friend’s house might not be the same as that at a restaurant.

With that in mind, you would want to know the different types of goldfish available today. Below are some of the common types that you are likely to encounter more often.

Common Goldfish

It is called the common goldfish since it is easily found in most people’s aquariums. This kind of goldfish has the scientific name Carassius Auratus and can be traced back to Asia. This type of goldfish is seen to be great for beginners in the field of keeping an aquarium. It will easily survive in temperature of 55 to 80 degree F and a pH level of 6 to 8. As you can see, the water could easily be drawn from tap water, and it would be safe for the common goldfish.

The common goldfish is a social animal, and they could benefit from having other mates in the tank. It is always better to keep them in groups of three when young, but you can separate them as they become mature.

Comet Goldfish

The comet type of goldfish has their origin in Washington State. You can find them coming with different variations depending on the color. Some of the common colors include red and white, black, yellow, black and orange, and goldfish orange.

The comet goldfish might get people confused because of being look like other types, but This type often has a slender body and elongated fins. That is how you can easily identify them .

Shubunkin Goldfish

The colors of this type are what you would find in the fancy goldfish types. Under this type, there are two varieties, which include the London and Bristol shubunkin. The Bristol variety is larger, and the caudal fin is more rounded.

The common color of this type would be calico. The blue silver color of the fish also acts as the background for the other types of colors. Because they are hardy type of goldfish, for many people they are seen as great for outdoor ponds. You will not have to worry about their survival all the time.

Wakin Goldfish

This type of goldfish is very popular in Japan. In terms of appearance, you can confuse it with the comet goldfish, but this one comes with a double caudal fin and they still have an elongated body.

The wakin goldfish is a hardy breed, so the best place to keep them would be a pond. You can also place them in a tank, but just make sure that the tank is large to accommodate it as they grow.

They are not an aggressive breed, but they tend to be a fast swimmer with an aggressive appetite most of the time. As you can see, a small tank would not be ideal for Them to swim.

Japanese Ryukin Goldfish

Even from the name, you can easily guess that They are popular in Japan. They might look like the fantail breed, but this one comes with a prominent hump towards the back of its head. This should make the breed come with an elevated dorsal fin.

The Ryukin comes in various types of color combinations. You can have the solid colors or multiple colors in the same fish. The common colors include deep red, blue, calico, red, and white, and much more.

Still, this is a hardy breed so you can place them in the outdoor goldfish pond. If you keep them in the aquarium, you will not need to give them much care.


This one comes with an egg appearance that is different from most breeds we have looked at above. All the fins are paired except the dorsal fin. The fins are sturdy and round, making it also easy to recognize them from the different breeds available.

As for the colors, you can easily get different types of colors available with the goldfish and choose the one you like. Some of the colors include calico, blue, bronze, and mix of orange.

You will find most users breeding this type of goldfish for showing. They could also be a great choice for beginners.


You will easily get the veiltail goldfish being among the most popular type of goldfish among most hobbyists and collectors. They might not be the best for breeding for showing as compared to the fantail bred. The pectoral and pelvic fins of the fish are long and narrow.

They are not a hardy fish type, so you may want to keep them in the indoor goldfish aquarium. As much as it is possible to place them outdoors, make sure they are not extreme conditions.

Broadtail Moor

They are also called the black moor. they are supposed to be entirely black, but you can find it containing shades of silver or brown. The breed would easily be confused for the veiltail goldfish, the difference is the colors. You also get this one lacking the forked appearance on the fins.

With their style of eyes, they tend to have poor vision. For such a reason, you do not want to place them in an aquarium with the other agile breeds. They will not be able to compete with the others, especially when it comes to eating.


The breeds mentioned above are not all the types of goldfish you can get today, but they are the most popular. If you are looking for something different, then you can opt to do more research to get the right model you are looking for. You also have to find one that would be easy to care for, so that he/her does not end up dying easily. Often go for the hardy breeds as they do not need much maintenance.

How To Hatch Brine Shrimp

Brine shrimp are tiny aquatic crustaceans – you may also know of them as Sea Monkeys. These little creatures have been around since the Triassic period and they have come to be one of the most important food sources in the aquarium industry. While some people keep brine shrimp as pets, they are more commonly hatched as food for fish. The newly hatched brine shrimp (known as nauplii) make a wonderful food source for fry (baby fish) while brine fish adults are good for larger fish.

Another interesting fact about brine shrimp is that they produce dormant eggs called cysts. These eggs can be stored for long periods of time and they can be hatched on demand. This is important because there is a certain process you must follow in order to activate and hatch the eggs. In this tutorial, you will receive detailed instructions for every step of the process from preparing your brine shrimp eggs for hatching and actually hatching them. Keep reading to learn how to get started!

What You Will Need To Follow This Tutorial

In order to hatch brine shrimp, you don’t need a complicated setup or any expensive equipment. In fact, hatching brine shrimp is surprisingly simple when you have everything you need. First, you’ll need to purchase your brine shrimp eggs – you can find them in pet stores or purchase them online. Next, you’ll need to set up your hatchery. Finally, add your brine shrimp eggs and let the magic happen. Here is a detailed list of everything you are going to need to hatch your brine shrimp:

  • Brine shrimp eggs.
  • 3 half-liter plastic bottles.
  • 8-inch length of airline tubing.
  • Clear packing tape.
  • Scissors.
  • 1 ½ teaspoons table salt.
  • ½ teaspoon Epsom salt.
  • Cold tap water.
  • Bleach.
  • Aquarium air pump.
  • Nightlight.

Step By Step Instructions

Now that you know what is required to hatch brine shrimp and you’ve gathered your supplies, you’re ready to get started! Below you’ll find a step-by-step list of instructions to follow to take your dormant brine shrimp eggs and to hatch them in your very own home. Here is how to get started:

Purchase Your Brine Shrimp Eggs

You can purchase brine shrimp eggs in your local pet store or you can order then online. Make sure you purchase brine shrimp eggs that are harvested from a safe location so you don’t run the risk of contaminating your tank when you feed them to your fish.

Build Your Brine Shrimp Hatchery

You can find brine shrimp hatcheries online and in pet stores, but it is simple and cost-effective to make your own. All you need is three half-liter plastic bottles, an 8-inch piece of airline tubing, clear packing tape, and scissors. Here are the instructions for building your brine shrimp hatchery:

  1. Take one of the bottles and cut it about 3 inches from the bottom (this will be the base) – throw away the top piece.
  2. With the second bottle, cut the bottom off but leave just enough of it to create a lip (this will be the top). 
  3. Take the third bottle and cut the bottom off about one inch up from the base (this will be the cap).
  4. Seal the cap on the second bottle and invert it then place it inside the first bottle – trim as needed to make it fit.
  5. Use the clear packing tape to cover the seam, joining the bottles together.
  6. Cut two holes (1/4-inch diameter) in the plastic cap.
  7. Trim the end of the airline tubing at an angle then insert it into one of the holes.

Set Up Your Hatchery

Now that you’ve assembled your hatchery, you’re ready to get it set up and add your eggs. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Combine 1 ½ teaspoons table salt with a half teaspoon of Epsom salt in the bottom of your hatchery.
  2. Add a pinch of brine shrimp eggs then fill the hatchery with cold tap water.
  3. Before covering the hatchery, add a single drop of bleach then put the top on.
  4. Attach the aquarium air pump to the open end of the airline tubing – you may need a gang valve to make it fit.
  5. Set a small light next to the hatchery, positioning it so the light goes halfway up the water column – turn the light on.
  6. Turn on the air pump and let it run for 24 hours.

While the air pump is running, you should keep an eye on it to make sure that the airline tubing doesn’t become clogged with salt. If it does, use the end of a paper clip to remove the clog.

Wait For The Eggs To Hatch

Once you’ve let the aquarium air pump run for 24 hours, you can shut it off and let the water settle on its own for about 15 minutes. To gather your brine shrimp, use the airline tubing to create a siphon effect and drain the water from the hatchery into a paper coffee filter. The water will flow through the filter, leaving the hatched brine shrimp behind. Once you’ve rinsed and drained the brine shrimp, you can place them in a container of dechlorinated water and collect them for feeding using a pipette.

And there you have it! Now you know how to take brine shrimp eggs that have been dormant and how to hatch them. If you have any eggs that you don’t plan to use right away, be sure to store them properly in an airtight container in a cool environment.


Did you enjoy this tutorial for how to hatch brine shrimp? Whether you are keeping brine shrimp as pets or feeding them to another pet, learning how to hatch them properly is important. Hopefully by now you have a thorough understanding of how the process works and you are ready to try it for yourself. We encourage you to like and share this article with your friends and leave us some comments about your experience hatching brine shrimp. Good luck with your brine shrimp and thanks for reading!

How Long Do Brine Shrimp Live?

Brine shrimp are very small aquatic crustaceans that are commonly used as live food for aquarium fish. These little shrimps are also sold as pets under the name Sea Monkeys, so you may already be familiar with them without knowing it. Not only are brine shrimp a highly nutritious source of food for fish, but they are a type of live food that is very easy to produce and harvest at home. In fact, you can hatch hundreds or thousands of brine shrimp simply using a hatchery made from plastic bottles.

If you’re thinking about hatching your own brine shrimp to use as fish food, you may be wondering how long brine shrimp live. You can certainly feed newly hatched brine shrimp (known as nauplii) to your fish, but larger fish should be fed adult brine shrimp. Keep reading to learn more about what brine shrimp are, how long they life, and how to care for them.

What Are Brine Shrimp?

Knowing that brine shrimp are aquatic crustaceans may not be enough for you to truly understand what these little creatures are and how they are used in the aquarium industry. Brine shrimp belong to the genus Artemia and they are type of crustacean that has been around since the Triassic period. There are somewhere between 7 and 9 species of brine shrimp which are thought to have evolved from an ancient variety that lived as long as 5.5 million years ago. Though brine shrimp are still around today, they remain largely unchanged from their ancient ancestors.

Brine shrimp are arthropods with segmented bodies and broad, leaf-like appendages. A brine shrimp’s body consists of 19 individual segments. The first 11 segments each have a pair of appendages while the next two are fused to house the reproductive organs and the final segments lead down to a tail. These creatures are very small, growing to a total length between 8 and 10 millimeters for adult males and about 10 to 12 millimeters for adult females. Both sexes usually measure about 4 millimeters in width, which includes the length of their legs.

How Long Do Brine Shrimp Live?

Brine shrimp begin as dormant cysts, or eggs, and they go through a series of 14 to 17 different stages throughout their life cycle. Each of these stages is separated by a molt in which the brine shrimp grows a larger exoskeleton and sheds the old one. In the right conditions, brine shrimp can reach full adulthood in as little as 8 days, though it can take anywhere from 3 to 6 weeks in sub-prime conditions. Another interesting fact about brine shrimp is that when conditions are ideal, the females will release free-swimming naupiii or partially developed embryos into the water during reproduction. If the conditions are not ideal, she will release dormant cysts (or eggs) which will remain dormant until conditions improve. These dormant cysts can remain viable for as long as 25 years and adult brine shrimp can live for as long as three months.

How Do You Care For Brine Shrimp?

If you want to feed your aquarium fish adult brine shrimp, you are going to have to hatch them from eggs and then raise them until they are large enough to be used as food. In order to keep your brine shrimp, you’ll need to set up a tank to house them after they have hatched – this is called a culture tank.

Your culture tank doesn’t need to be anything fancy – a 5-gallon bucket or a 10-gallon aquarium will do. Just keep in mind that you’ll need to control certain elements like temperature, aeration, and filtration in order to keep your brine shrimp alive. Here are the steps for creating a culture tank using a 10-gallon glass aquarium:

  1. Cut a thin sheet of acrylic to slightly larger than the tank dimensions.
  2. Force the sheet of acrylic into the bottom of the tank and seal it at the edges so it forms a concave surface – this will allow spent shells and waste to collect at the bottom for easy cleaning.
  3. Outfit your tank with an air pump attached to an air stone to provide constant circulation – you’ll need good circulation all over the tank.
  4. Install a low-level lighting system – a 60-watt to 100-watt bulb will be fine.
  5. If needed, install an aquarium heater to keep the water temperature between 77°F and 86°F.
  6. Fill the aquarium with warm saltwater, aiming for a salinity between 30 and 35ppt.

Once you have set up your culture tank, simply add your hatched brine shrimp and do the necessary maintenance to keep them alive. You’ll want to perform a 20% water change every few days, focusing on siphoning the waste from the bottom of the tank. To avoid sucking up your brine shrimp, shine a light at the top of the tank so they will gather there, allowing you to vacuum the bottom of the tank. Feed your brine shrimp foods like egg yolk, whey, wheat flour, or soybean powder in small amounts as needed. If you can, set up a drip feeding system for continuous feeding or do several small feedings per day as an alternative.


Did you enjoy this article about how long brine shrimp live? Please like and share this article with your friends and leave us some comments about your experience with raising brine shrimp. Good luck and thanks for reading!

How To Care For A Hermit Crab

Hermit crabs are a type of crustacean that live in shells. There are actually more than a thousand different species of hermit crabs and, when properly cared for, they can grow up to 6 inches in length and can live for 10 years or more. These creatures make good low-maintenance pets and they can be handled, though you should be mindful of the fact that they have claws that can pinch if they feel threatened. Another interesting fact is that hermit crabs will change shells as they grow.

Though hermit crabs can be very interesting and entertaining pets, they are sometimes challenging to keep unless you have a good understanding of their needs. This is very important because if you don’t provide for your hermit crab’s needs, he isn’t going to thrive. He needs a certain type of habitat as well as a specific diet in order to be healthy. That is where this tutorial comes in. In this tutorial, you will receive detailed instructions for creating the ideal hermit crab environment and for taking care of your new pet. Keep reading to learn how to get started!

What You Will Need To Follow This Tutorial

Before you decide whether a hermit crab might be the right pet for you, you need to make sure you have a thorough understanding of what a hermit crab needs. Hermit crabs require a tank or cage that is designed to certain specifications and maintained in a certain way – you’ll also have to provide a diet that meets your crab’s nutritional needs. Here is a detailed list of everything you are going to need in order to set up and maintain your hermit crab cage:

  • Glass or plastic aquarium.
  • Aquarium gravel.
  • Tank decorations.
  • Hiding places.
  • Empty shells.
  • Shallow dish.
  • Sea sponge.
  • Under-tank heater.
  • LED light fixture.
  • Hermit crab food.

Step By Step Instructions

Now that you know what you need to keep your hermit crab, you’re ready to learn how to set up and maintain his cage. Once you do the work to set up your hermit crab’s environment, maintaining it is generally pretty easy. Here is a step-by-step plan to guide you through the process:

Choosing Your Hermit Crab Tank

Hermit crabs are fairly small so you won’t need a giant aquarium. You do, however, need to make sure that they have adequate space to move around – especially if you plan to keep more than one hermit crab. Ideally, you should provide at least 5 gallons of space per hermit crab, though 10 gallons is the minimum you should consider in general. You can purchase an inexpensive glass aquarium or find a large plastic terrarium to use for your hermit crab.

Picking Decorations And Equipment

Once you’ve selected your hermit crab tank, the next step is to decorate it and to add the necessary equipment.

a, For tank decoration.

  • Choose to line the bottom of your tank with aquarium gravel or you can use the kind of bark bedding pet stores sell for reptiles. Reptile bark will help to retain some of the humidity in your tank better than gravel, but it will be more expensive.
  • Add some novelty decorations as well as hiding places for your hermit crabs – make sure the hiding places are actually big enough for your crab to fit into with his shell.
  • Add some empty shells to the tank. Your hermit crab will need to move to a larger shell as he grows, so make sure to provide a variety of different sizes. Never force your hermit crab to leave his shell and don’t touch him if you see him outside the shell – hermit crabs are delicate and they use the shell for protection.
  • Add a shallow dish to the tank and fill it with dechlorinated water for your crab to soak in. If you are worried that your crab might not be able to climb out of the dish, add a sea sponge to give him something to climb on.

b, For tank equipment, you really only need something to keep the tank warm and something to keep it lit.

  • An under-tank heater is usually the simplest option for a hermit crab tank, though you do need to make sure you cover it with at least an inch of bedding so it doesn’t get too hot for your hermit crabs. You can monitor the temperature in your tank with a thermometer and you might want to get a hygrometer to keep an eye on the humidity.
  • For lighting, a simple LED fixture will be adequate.

Maintaining Your Hermit Crab Tank

Once you’ve set up your hermit crab tank and added your hermit crab, all you have to do is maintain the right conditions. Keep an eye on the temperature in your tank and try to keep it between 70°F and 75°F because hermit crabs are tropical creatures. You’ll also want to mist the tank with dechlorinated water once a day or so to keep the humidity level between 50% and 80%. If you are using a light fixture in your tank, keep the lights on for 8 to 12 hours a day then turn them off at night.

To clean your tank, replace the water in the water dish once a day and remove waste and debris as needed. You should also change the substrate once a month or clean it, depending on the type you’re using. At the same time, clean all the decorations in your hermit crab tank as well.

Feeding Your Hermit Crab

The final step in caring for your hermit crab is feeding him. Hermit crabs are scavengers in the wild so they will eat a large variety of different foods. Your pet hermit crab will eat a variety of foods as well, but there are certain things you should make sure to offer him. Most important, offer your hermit crab some high-quality hermit crab pellets to make sure he gets the nutrients he needs. You can also offer him some chopped veggies or fruits as a snack. Your hermit crab will even eat pieces of meat if you offer it, just don’t let it sit in the tank too long.


How did you like this tutorial for caring for a hermit crab? After reading this tutorial you should have a better idea what it takes to keep a hermit crab as a pet and you may be ready to decide whether this is the perfect pet for you. If so, take what you’ve learned here and get to work setting up the perfect habitat for your new hermit crab. We encourage you to like and share this article with your friends and leave us some comments about your experience with hermit crabs. Good luck and thanks for reading!