Top 8 Best Filters For Goldfish in 2019

In this article we will look at the best filters for goldfish. Filtration is an important aspect of maintaining any aquarium’s health and appearance. A single goldfish needs an aquarium of at least 30 gallons and a pair should have at least a 50 gallon tank to thrive in adulthood. For that reason, all of these filters will be suitable for medium to large tanks using 50 gallons as a minimum filtration capacity.

No.

Product

Image

Feature

Our rating

#1

Filters 119 - 264 GPH

5 stages of filtration​

#2

Flow rate of 400GPH

2-pump design for unmatchable flow and filtration​

#3

5 - 110 GPH

#4

30 - 100 GPH

#5

Suitable for aquariums  25 - 100 Gal

#6

Suitable for aquariums  10 - 20 Gal

#7

Suitable for 50 - 175  Gal

#8

Suitable for aquariums  up to 75 Gal

Why Use Filtration For Goldfish?

The very popular goldfish comes in many beautiful varieties and colors. They are often sold as small juveniles but can grow to be upwards of 12 inches in length given the proper amount of space. Their size requires them to be kept in a medium to large aquarium. Small goldfish bowls requiring daily water changes will only work well while the fish are very small. They will not thrive in these conditions as they try to grow. Keeping goldfish in small bowls or tanks is a sure recipe for disaster and your fish will probably not survive for long.

If you plan on keeping multiple goldfish you should be prepared to use an aquarium of at least 50 gallons. A tank this size needs a substantial filter system to maintain water quality. The best systems will provide mechanical and biological filtration as well as performing the function of adjusting the tank’s chemistry to provide the healthiest environment possible for your goldfish. Filtration is one of the key ingredients in maintaining a healthy aquatic environment.

Types Of Filters

There are many types of aquarium filters on the market. All require some kind of maintenance to keep them in proper running condition. Some have reusable sponges and cartridges that can need periodic cleaning while other systems have disposable filter cartridges that simply need to be replaced as their performance degrades.

Aquarium filters usually come rated for a specific tank size. Since goldfish do produce a large amount of waste material you should consider purchasing a filter designed for an aquarium that is larger than the one where it will actually be used. I would suggest that a filter designed for a 75 to 100 gallon tank would work very well for a 50 or 55 gallon goldfish tank. If you are planning on keeping fancy goldfish you also want a filter that allows control of the return water flow. These fish do better with a gentle water flow so make sure the filter you choose has that option. Many canister filters have a spray bar option that will diffuse the return flow and create a perfect environment for your goldfish.

The previously mention canister filters are one of the best choices for a goldfish tank. The other good option is a hang on the back (HOB) type filter. Both have some general pros and cons. Canister filters require maintenance less often and their filter media is usually reusable. They require less space behind your tank as the canister is housed below and only tubes need to get behind the tank. Canister filters offer high filtration capacity and a single unit can handle a large aquarium. Return water flow can be controlled to achieve different flow patterns in your tank. These benefits are somewhat offset by the fact that canister filters are more complicated to clean when needed.

The HOB filters offer easier maintenance at a price. They are easy to set up as long as you have enough room behind your tank. They are initially less expensive than a canister filter but a monetary consideration is that the filter media is in many cases disposable and is an on-going expense. An HOB system uses a waterfall type water return system that cannot be modified as nicely as that of a canister filter. These filters are usually not enough to take care of large tanks when used singly, but I have successfully used two at a time on my larger aquariums.

Some Of The Best Filters For Goldfish

Here are some of the best filters you can purchase for your goldfish tank.

1. Fluval C4 Power Filter

The Fluval C4 Power Filter is an HOB type filter that would work well on goldfish tanks up to 50 gallons. It provides extensive mechanical, biological and chemical filtration through a 5 step process that leads to clear and healthy aquarium water. A nice feature of this filter is that it uses a patented refiltration system that allows you to slow down the water output to protect delicate plants and fish. Its modular design allows you to perform maintenance in stages, replacing or cleaning only one type of media at a time. This filter combines some of the best features of a canister filter with the ease of use of an HOB. It is designed to allow customization of the filter media if so desired, to say replace carbon with another biological filtration pad. The filter also has a telescoping intake tube to allow water to be drawn from different depths of your tank. A nice choice in an HOB filter.

This is another excellent HOB power filter that will do well in a 50 to 55 gallon goldfish tank. Its design gives the filter up to twice the mechanical filtration capacity of other HOB filters or the addition of additional chemical filtration cartridges. Biological filtration is handled by its patented Bio-Wheel technology. Spray bars are used to drive the water into the top of the bio-wheel getting maximum aeration along with the biological filtration. It is easy to clean and install as seen in these videos found at the Mainland website.

AquaClear manufactures these power filters in varying sizes with the 110 V model a prefect match for a 50 to 55 gallon goldfish tank. This filter provides complete mechanical, biological and chemical filtration through a multi stage filtration system. It is quiet and has a large filtration volume that allows for superior contact time with the filter media. A unique waterfall system gently and silently returns the filtered water to your aquarium. It also has a flow control feature that enables you to change the water flow rate to suit your needs. As with most HOB filters it is easy to set up and its media baskets make for painless maintenance. Additional media to perform custom chemical filtration can be added to the media baskets, and you can use your own bulk materials in nylon bags instead of being tied to a manufacturer’s replacements.

Those aquarists wanting to go with a canister filter won’t go wrong with this filter. As with all canister filters it does great job of mechanical, biological and chemical filtration. It accomplishes this by using stacked filter trays that force the water to go through instead of around the layers of filter media. It comes with a quick prime button to assist with restarts and promises quick spill-free maintenance. The top of the unit is easy to remove for access to the media baskets.It is easy to set up though care must be taken to follow the instruction in regard to the O-rings to avoid leakage. This is a quiet filter that will do well for a 55 gallon goldfish tank.

Fluval makes a great canister filter in addition to the HOB filter reviewed above. It performs complete 3 stage filtration through the use of layers of various filter media that can be customized for your tank’s requirements. Employing a sound dampening impeller design leads to quiet operation. Its square design allows for more water to be exposed to the filtration elements than other manufacturers round design. Fluval has re-engineered their priming system which makes the filter easy to start. Its aqua stop valve assembly makes it easy to remove hoses for simple and drip free maintenance. The 406 is the right size filter for a 50-55 gallon goldfish tank and you will be pleased with the results.

6. Hikari Bacto-Surge High Density

If you have fish that lives comfortably in low flow water or tiny ones that might get sucked into regular filters, then this is what you should get. Unlike other cleaners, it is not as expensive so for those with a tight budget. This product would not hurt your wallet as much; and as a bonus, it provides no noise. If you are worried about going through the trouble of cleaning, it is surprising to know that it is actually easy to clean due to its soft sponge material.

What I really like about this filter is that despite its size, it’s still able to look excellent inside of smaller aquariums. Goldfish filter set up is not even an issue because it is quick and simple. You do not need to go through complicated processes. With its low flow, it is the best filter, especially for 10 to 20-gallon goldfish tanks.

PROS:
Great for small fish or fish that requires low flowing water
High-quality foam allows efficient filtration
Not as expensive as other filters
With the air-duct built inside you wouldn’t need to put in an air-line extension

CONS:
Tt doesn't allow or have room for any type of air stone
The base is weighted, but it wasn't enough to keep it from floating up. 

7. Penn Plax Cascade 600 Submersible Aquarium Filter

For those people who have tanks that are above 50 gallons, this filter is the best canister filter for goldfish tank and would be the right choice. After all, with how it’s able to take in 175 gallons of water per hour, the state of cleanliness within your tank will remain for weeks and even months. With that amount of water filtered in just one hour, it is indeed a powerful filter. However, no need to worry about the goldfish filter being too strong or the distribution of water since it has a spray bar option that will aerate your tank no problem.

If you have a lot of goldfish that is bound to get your tank dirty very fast or turtles, then this filter will be able to handle the strain of the entire gunk. It’s quick, it’s strong, and it’s easy.

PROS :
Wouldn't need to get an air stone since it's hushed
It’s built so that it would be easy to take apart
It's very sturdy even though it's made out of plastic
It comes with a pump head that allows you to adjust the direction of the water flow

CONS:
The top part of the filter may be difficult to separate
It is a very powerful filter so it wouldn’t be recommended for smaller tanks with even smaller fishes.

8. SeaChem – Large Aquarium Fish Tank Filter

This filter has many different options that you can use to adjust according to the type of tank that you have, and it even has an automatic maintenance alert mechanism for when you need to clean the filter. With that, you would not have to keep checking at different time intervals just to see if it is already due. It’s the kind of filter that can allow you to control the intake with three points, where you can also turn it completely off so you can use it in shallow tanks without any worries.

With the 3 point option for the intake, you can have better circulation for your goldfishes within the tank, and that's really something your fishes will enjoy. Also, it even leaves a significant amount of space. So much that it enables you to put in other filtrations.

PROS: 
It alerts you when the filter already needs to be cleaned
Tanks with shallow water can use this filter as well
It has options regarding filter setups that you can choose from
You can adjust the flow of its water

CONS:
It's dangerous for small fry since the intake screen's openings are large
It’s a little loud.

What is the Best Filter For Your Goldfish

All of the filters reviewed above are excellent and will do a fine job of maintaining your goldfish aquarium as long as you properly size them. As stated earlier, for large tanks you may want to use multiple versions of the same filter to achieve the best results. You can choose to go with an HOB or canister filter to suit your preference.

With that said I would recommend the Fluval C4 Power Filter if I were looking for a filter for my goldfish. The excellent 3 stage filtration combined with the ease of use and maintenance makes this a winner for me. The fact that this filter lets you control the water flow to protect delicate fancy goldfish make this a great choice for any aquarist who keeps goldfish.

What Is The Best Aquarium Gravel Cleaner For Your Tank?

In this article we will take a look at some of the best aquarium gravel cleaners available. Regularly cleaning your gravel can have a dramatic effect on the appearance of your tank and the health of its inhabitants. We will discuss why it is important to clean your gravel and then review several different options you can choose from when purchasing an aquarium gravel cleaner.

Quick Navigation

#1

2.8 x 1.5 x 24 inches

Battery operated up to 4 hours

Fully submersible up to 3 feet

#2

Expandable from 8 to 16 inches

Good for siphoning nano tanks

#3

3.3 x 6.3 x 18 inches

Good for  small to medium sized aquarium

#4

Cobalt Aquatics Power Gravel Cleaner

8.2 x 5.8 x 9.8 inches

1 micron sock polishes water crystal clear

#5

2.1 x 6.5 x 15.5 inches

Self starting siphon

Wide mouth nozzle

#6

16 x 20.3 x 3.7 inches

Good  choice for larger tanks

Hoses are available 25 and 50 foot lengths​

#7

15 x 15 x 2 inches

Perfect choice for larger tanks

No buckets, no siphons, no mess, no tank tear downs

#8

SunGrow Aquarium Cleaning Pump Kit

Quick setup
BPA free
Easy to use

#9

18 x 8 x 2 in

Self-priming pump,
Suitable for  15-30 gallons tank

#10

17 x 4.5 x 1.6 in

#11

2.5 x 0.82 x 10.4 in

multiple vacuum sizes available

Why Should I Clean My Gravel?

Your aquarium’s gravel can be seen as similar to the floor of your home but with some major differences. The gravel in your tank collects debris in the same way that your floors collect dirt, dust and other materials that needs to be periodically removed. In the case of your home, the cleaning performed is primarily to maintain a room’s appearance. While your tank’s appearance is certainly a factor to consider when cleaning its gravel, there are more important reasons to keep your tank clean. The resident fish and plants need to be taken into account and keeping the substrate clean can have a major impact on the health and vitality of these organisms.

The gravel in your aquarium will be the foundation on which your aquascape is created. You want it to look good but you also want it to maintain good aquarium health. Fish waste, uneaten food and decaying plant matter can all collect on the gravel’s surface. This leads to unsightly deposits that need to be removed. Since there is always some space between the individual pieces of gravel, some of these unwanted materials can find their way deep into the gravel bed. As they decay these materials can generate ammonia and other gases toxic to your fish, leading to increased disease and fish loss. The decaying debris can also wreak havoc on your tank’s PH causing problems for your fish and plants. Regularly cleaning your gravel can minimize these problems and lead to a beautiful and healthy aquarium.

You always have the option of transferring your fish to temporary quarters and completely breaking down your tank to give it a thorough cleaning. This entails having a second tank ready and a lot of manual labor as you remove all the substrate. It will also put your fish through some unnecessary stress. A good gravel cleaner will allow you to take care of your gravel without these extra concerns.

What Is A Gravel Cleaner?

Simply put, a gravel cleaner is a tool that assists you in cleaning your tank’s gravel. As we have seen this is an important aspect of aquarium maintenance. Once you have decided against removing all of the fish there are two distinct methods to choose from when cleaning your gravel. You can do it without removing any of your aquarium’s water or your gravel can be cleaned at the same time you perform a water change. A variety of tools are available for both scenarios.

If you desire to clean your gravel without removing any water there are several battery powered aquarium vacuums that will do a fine job of cleaning your gravel. Water will be siphoned into the vacuum tube and then passed through a filter bag which will trap the debris. The water returns to your aquarium after this filtration occurs so there is no water loss during cleaning. Using this kind of tool lets you clean your gravel at any time and not need to coordinate to coincide with a water change. This is a major point in favor of this style gravel cleaner. A potential drawback is that extremely small particles will not be captured in the filter bag and are then returned into your aquarium suspended in the aquarium’s water. The use of these vacuums will never replace the benefits of a good water change and they are best used to keep things clean between those changes.

Regular water changes are essential to a healthy aquarium. Gravel cleaning is vital as well. There are numerous siphon style gravel cleaners that allow you to perform both functions at the same time. The majority of these tools require that you also have a bucket ready for the water you are removing. If doing a large water change you may need to start and stop several times in order to remove the proper amount of water which may involve re-priming the siphon. There are some systems that will enable you to hook up your gravel cleaner directly to your sink negating the need for a bucket. You can reverse the flow on these units and use them to add water to your aquarium when you are finished cleaning.

The drawback to siphon style gravel cleaners is that you will always be removing water. This may limit the amount of cleaning you can do as you will not want to take out more water than recommended for your tank in a regular water change. You can get around this issue by cleaning a portion of your tank with each water change until you get it all and then repeating in sequence. A decisive advantage of cleaning your gravel in this manner is that all decaying debris no matter how small will be captured in the siphon and removed from your tank.

So then on one hand we have ease of use with perhaps a little less thorough water cleanliness and a lot less work. The alternative gives us better gravel cleaning capabilities but does entail some thought regarding water changes and perhaps the addition of a bucket. You can decide which is best for your needs. We will look at a few different offerings currently on the market.

Some Of The Best Gravel Cleaners

Here are some of the best choices you will find when looking for an aquarium gravel cleaner. 

1. SunGrow Aquarium Cleaning Pump Kit

The SunGrow Aquarium Cleaning Pump Kit is one of the easiest ways to keep your aquarium clean. Say goodbye to scooping up your aquarium’s dirty water. Perfect for both salt and freshwater tanks, this hand controlled pump will help keep your aquarium’s sand or gravel clean and your fish healthy.

Pros

  • Quick setup
  • BPA free, Easy to use
  • No spill design
  • Pet friendly
  • Hand controlled for cleaning accuracy
  • Works on both freshwater and saltwater aquariums
  • Suitable for gravel and sand aquariums

Cons:

  • Cleaning hose length is shorter than other cleaners
  • Hand pump takes several pumps to get suction started


Ideal for a 10-gallon aquarium or smaller, the SunGrow Aquarium Cleaning Pump Kit will be more than enough pump to keep your gravel tank clean, as well as switch out water during water changes. The easy to use design, partnered with the hand-controlled pump, give you the precision you require to keep the bottom of your aquarium clean.

The pump sets up in less than 2 minutes, and once you start the suctioning, all you need to do is leave the nozzle in the tank. The no-spill system will keep the surrounding area clean, along with your aquarium. Once your aquarium is clean, the portable design allows you to easily store the pump practically anywhere. You can’t argue with a clean aquarium and easy storage!

2. Dora’s Corner Store 2x10 Inch Vacuum Water Siphon with Self Starter Gravel Cleaner

The Dora Corner Store 2.10 Inch Vacuum Water Siphon is a great option for any aquarium containing gravel. It’s long 2.10” cylinder suction tube, partnered with the extra long 56” flexible drainage hose, make this one of the most durable aquarium vacuums on the market. What makes it even better is that it is 100% BPA free, which means that any plants or fish you may have in your aquarium are going to be safe during the entire vacuuming process.

The self-priming vacuum makes water changes and aquarium cleanings as easy as can be. Being designed for aquariums between 15 and 30 gallons, you will be able to evacuate any debris from the gravel, as well as keep your tank clean through regular water changes.

Pros

  • 100% BPA free
  • Long 56” flexible drainage hose
  • Self-priming pump
  • Suitable for aquariums between 15-30 gallons
  • Great for tanks with gravel
  • Designed with high-quality plastic for maximum durability
  • Made in the USA

Cons

  • Can take a couple of minutes to get the suction started
  • The vacuum cylinder needs to be continuously moved to maintain suction
  • Will not work well on tanks larger than 30 gallons

The Dora Corner Store 2.10 Inch Vacuum Water Siphon is an overall good vacuum if you have an aquarium of 30 gallons or less. The gravel filtration system helps to keep the bottom of your tank clean, while eliminating dirty water at the same time. If you are looking for a pump to get your mid-size aquarium-cleaning job done, this is an excellent choice!

3. Genuine TERA PUMP Aquarium Cleaner

The TERA PUMP Aquarium Cleaner is a gravel or sand tank cleaner that comes with an extra long nozzle. On top of that, the additional water flow controller makes for easy cleaning and water drainage from your tank. Being one of the more commonly counterfeited aquarium vacuum pumps, the TERA PUMP has proven itself over and over again.

With two different types of vacuum nozzles included, the shorter one works better for draining your aquarium, while the longer nozzle is perfect for cleaning the leftover fish food and droppings in the fine gravel at the bottom. The TERA PUMP allows you to remove any waste that may be present within your aquarium, while replacing the dirty water at the same time. And with it’s unique design, you can rest assured that your plants and fish will not be harmed while the pump is in use.

Pros

  • Unique design allows for removal of waste and replacing of water simultaneously
  • Can be used with aquarium life still in tank
  • Pump filter discharges sand and dirt along with dirty water
  • Two separate nozzles depending on your cleaning goals

Cons

  • There are counterfeit TERA PUMP vacuums on the market
  • Can be difficult to reach the gravel at the very bottom of the tank
  • Vacuum tube length is on the shorter side

If you have a small to mid-size aquarium, the Genuine TERA PUMP Aquarium Cleaner has the power and features to get your tank clean, and your water switched out. While not necessarily equipped to handle sand, if you have a gravel based aquarium, this is one of the better vacuums available on the market.

4. Marina Easy Clean Gravel Cleaner

The Marina Easy Clean Gravel Cleaner is just that. It is an aquarium cleaner that has specifically designed to clean deep down into your gravel aquarium. With powerful suction and vacuum sizes ranging from mini, all the way to large, no matter what size your gravel bottomed aquarium is, the Marina Easy Clean Gravel Cleaner has you covered.

Pros

  • Multiple vacuum sizes available fit multiple aquarium sizes
  • Specially designed gravel guard assures all gravel will remain in the tank
  • Is quick to start without any hassles
  • Includes a kink-free suction hose

Cons

  • Not ideal for tanks with sand
  • Can become clogged
  • Not the most efficient at draining out dirty water

5. EHEIM Quick Vac Pro Automatic Gravel Cleaner And Sludge Extractor

The Eheim Quick Vac Pro is a battery operated aquarium vacuum. It enables you to clean your gravel without regard to water changes. It is safe for use in fresh or saltwater tanks that are a minimum of 12 inches deep.

Rather than using a filter bag, this vacuum employs a filter compartment inside the unit that is designed to be removed and cleaned between uses. Eheim promises up to 4 hour battery life under continuous use and is guaranteed for two years. Batteries are include with your purchase. 

The Quick Vac Pro will clean the gravel without disturbing your gravel too much. This vacuum is not recommended for very fine gravel or sand as it can potentially get into the motor and harm the unit.

6. Pet TOM Aquarium Maintenance Mr. Cleaner

Koller Craft manufactures a line of aquarium products named Pet TOM. Included in these products is another battery powered aquarium vacuum called Mr. Cleaner. It is powered by two “C” size batteries which are not included. This vacuum uses a removable filter bag that should be cleaned thoroughly between uses. Some users have had issues with the suction provided by the unit but an ingenious aquarist has posted this video which will help address the problem. This is an inexpensive unit that is not really appropriate for larger tanks but will work well for nano and other small tanks. A difference between this and the above-mentioned Eheim is that this unit is not meant to be totally submerged. It is expandable from 8 to 16 inches to allow for better functionality in a variety of sized tanks.

7. Fluval Edge Gravel Cleaner

This gravel cleaner by Fluval is designed to work with their Edge line of aquariums. It is also perfect for any small to medium sized aquarium. A bucket is needed as this tool removes water from your tank while cleaning the gravel. It features an easy-start valve that lets you get the water flowing with an easy up and down motion inside the tank. The Edge Gravel Cleaner comes with two cleaning attachments. There is a gravel head to allow for deep cleaning. A slimmer nozzle will let you get to hard to reach areas of your tank and can be helpful when cleaning around plants or decorations. Gravel is prevented from clogging the tube by a gravel guard.

8. Cobalt Aquatics Power Gravel Cleaner

This unit is more expensive than your other options but does a very good job of keeping your gravel clean. It is essentially a hang on the back power filter with the addition of a gravel cleaning tube. Available in two sizes to suit the depth of your tank, this unique design features a reusable filter cartridge. Each filter comes with two siphon tubes that can be adjusted and allows this unit to be used on essentially any size aquarium. An intake screen keeps the gravel where it belongs and not in the filter. Just hang this unit on your aquarium and you can clean your gravel at any time.

Unfortunately, the Cobalt Aquatics Power Gravel Cleaner out of stock now. Instead, you should consider Dora's Corner Store Gravel Cleaner. This Gravel Cleaner is suitable 10 - 30 gal tanks. It's not only easy to vacuum & clean tanks with or without gravel but also very durable. Dora's Corner Store Gravel Cleaner made of quality plastic and made in USA PA free.

9. Lee’s Ultra GravelVac

This is a basic siphon type gravel cleaner that has some features that make it stand out from the crowd. It features a wide nozzle which lets you clean more of your tank at a time. Hose clips are included which securely attach the hose to your aquarium and bucket eliminating those nasty spills. A self starting siphon gets the water moving easily and this tool does a great job of separating debris from your gravel and removing it from your tank. It is available in many sizes to suit any tank.

10. Aqueon Aquarium Water Changer

Though sold as a water changer this device by Aqueon is also a great gravel cleaner. The need for a bucket is eliminated as the unit comes equipped with adapters for your sink. Dirty water is pulled from the tank and emptied directly into the sink. You can easily reverse the flow and refill your tank through the same hoses. This can be very helpful for larger tanks that would require multiple buckets to empty and many gallons to refill. Hoses are available in 25 and 50 foot lengths which should ample to reach your tank.

11. Python No Spill Clean and Fill Aquarium Maintenance System

The Python is another system designed to both clean your gravel and refill your aquarium. It operates in a similar fashion to the Aqueon Water Changer in that it hooks up directly to your sink and makes carrying those heavy buckets across the room a thing of the past. A 25 foot hose is included and extensions can be obtained in 10 and 20 foot increments to enable you to use this system on any tank in your house. The faucet adapter is made of brass so will never rust or break. The Python is ideal for large tanks and will make those water changes much more easy to tolerate.

What Is The Best Aquarium Gravel Cleaner For Your Tank?

Gravel cleaning should be a regular part of your aquarium maintenance schedule. As we have seen there are a number of options available to you in performing this important task. Your decision on which type of unit to buy may be determined by the size and location of your aquarium. Small aquariums can be handled with cleaners designed to be used with or without the inclusion of a water change. Larger aquariums can be spot cleaned with a battery vacuum. If you are planning to do large scale cleaning combined with a water change then you probably want to go with a product that combines the two functions.

That being said I would recommend the Eheim Quick Vac Pro for small tanks and spot cleaning. Personally I prefer to remove water as I clean the gravel to obtain the cleanest water and gravel that I can get. For larger tanks the Python system is an excellent choice. I have used this unit on 55 and 75 gallon tanks and it has worked as advertised making gravel cleaning and water changes easy to perform.

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Top 5 Best Canister Filters For Your Aquarium in 2019 Market

You have an aquarium and you plan on getting a filter, a canister filter to be exact. A canister filter is just one of the different types of aquarium filters available. The canister filter helps maintain your aquarium’s healthy environment when the water that flows into it through an intake pipe passes through the filtering material inside the canister and is then pumped back to the aquarium through a return pipe.

In A Nutshell: Top 5 Canister Filters in 2019

Importance of Aquarium Filter

A filter plays an important role to an aquarium’s upkeep. Its purpose is to clean the water of the aquarium of toxic elements that causes harmful buildup of ammonia and nitrates which may come from different sources. Nitrates are harmless in small amounts, but if left unfiltered or unmanaged, you will be risking the health of your fishes.

Your fish or other aquarium inhabitants such as turtles constantly excrete wastes. Uneaten food, decaying organic matter, dead plants, and other external particles contribute to tank pollution and deterioration of the water quality. These toxic elements can be removed by an aquarium filter. It also provides aeration. Overall, an aquarium filter such as the canister filter provides lasting, positive, and essential benefits for your tank inhabitant’s health.

There are different types of aquarium filters available, these are the Wet/dry filter, Undergravel filter, Internal filter, Power filter, and the Canister filter. These filters employ three filtration method which are the biological filtration, mechanical filtration, and chemical filtration.

Biological filtration takes place when bacteria in the tank breaks down the dangerous ammonia and converting them to nitrites which is then converted to the less toxic nitrates. Mechanical filtration involves the physical removal of harmful and toxic materials. The other filtration method, the chemical filtration, uses a filter media such as activated carbon to remove pollutants and harmful wastes.

The Canister Filter: How It Works

The canister filter is one of the more popular types of aquarium filters. The filter media is kept inside a canister where water from your aquarium is being pushed in and out via an electric pump. This process removes the wastes, debris, and contaminants from the water.

A standard canister filter offers the option of customizing your filter media that you put on its basket, cartridge, or media bag. There are different kinds of filter media that suits the specific cleaning needs of your aquarium. There are biological, mechanical, and chemical filtration available. These can then be placed inside the slots of your canister filter.

Benefits Of Using A Canister Filter

Canister filters are ideal for medium to large-sized tanks and they can provide high-volume filtration. Canister filters are sealed, so they can have higher flow rates and more filtration stages compared to other types of filters. It also saves internal space and can be disconnected from the tank for cleaning and maintenance without causing disturbance to the tank’s occupants. It runs quietly and has an increased biological filtration.

A canister filter gives you the option of flexibility when it comes to choosing your filter materials that is best for your aquarium. Usually canister filters offer 2 to 4 filter slots or compartments.

The disadvantages of using canister filters are that their prices can cost you more money when purchasing. It is also larger than an HOB power filter. But aside from those, a canister filter is a good choice.

Check It Out: How To Choose A Canister Filter

Canister filters are one of the popular types of aquarium filters, however, not every product is similar when it comes to the features included. If your new to aquarium care, doing your research will certainly help. You can greatly improve the cleanliness and quality of your water if you get one. But before that, here are some things that we would like you to consider when choosing the right canister filter for your tank:

  • Aquarium inhabitants – Its compatibility with your tank’s inhabitants since smaller fishes can be sucked inside a canister filter.
  • Aquarium water type – It should be compatible for your tank’s water type, either it is of freshwater or saltwater.
  • Flow rate - May be in LPH or GPH.
  • Capacity – Choose a filter that targets at least targets twice the volume than your actual tank size.
  • Media - Check for the different types of filter media that can be inserted.
  • Pump Output - Given in Watt.
  • Working voltage – Check for the compatibility with your area’s supply voltage.
  • Priming Option – Check for the canister filter’s priming option, ideally it should be self-priming.
  • Availability of spares – Replacement for spares should ideally be available and inexpensive.
  • Maintenance – Check for the difficulty level of the canister filter’s maintenance and serving process.
  • Warranty on product – Choose a canister filter that comes with a product warranty for security in case you’ll encounter problems with it.

Before we show you our list of our top 5 canister filters, check out this video to guide you in choosing the right canister filter for your aquarium needs.

Check It Out: Top 5 Canister Filters

Jebao 4-Stage Aquarium Canister Filter 320 Gph

https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01I61M5P2

This canister filter from Jebao has advanced and high-performance features that help ensure high water quality plus quick and easy routine filter maintenance. You don’t have to worry if this canister filter is compatible with your aquarium tank because it is ideal for an aquarium fish tank for both freshwater & saltwater types. It also works well for aquatic turtle tanks.

This product offers an enhanced aquarium filtration with its large-capacity 4-stage filtration (4-basket) system and a single press option to primer. Its revolutionary canister filters boast greater media-storing capacity so aquarium water comes into contact with more filter media during the initial pass. The dimensions of the filter (with valve attached) are 8.1" x 8.1" x 18". Its voltage is 110-120v 60 Hz and comes with a 2-prong US plug. The max flow rate is 320 gallons per hour. Its filtering capacity is up to 8.1 liters. This canister filter is recommended for tanks with the size of 60-100 gallons. The media kits included are carbon, bio ball, ring and blue pad.

PROS

  • Easy to install.
  • No leaks from the filter.
  • Great filter pumping mechanism.
  • Great one pump prime option.

CONS

  • Makes buzzing sounds.
  • Low quality-looking build materials.

Hydor Professional External Canister Filter

https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00D5WHC8S/

The Hydor Professional External Canister filter is introduced with an intelligent and space saving design. This filter offers maximum performance and extraordinary versatility. It has an extra-large priming button that makes this product easy to use. Hydor Professional Canister Filter is useful for all aquariology enthusiasts.

It comes complete with all media needed, with the exception of carbon which is sold separately. The features include a telescopic intake tube and your option of an adjustable angle flow return or expandable spray bar.

This product is designed for 60-100 gallon tanks. It has no water by-pass, water is forced through the media baskets thanks to its flush design. It includes ball-valve connections for simple flow adjustments and easy flow shut off and removal for filter maintenance. The product does not create any noise or vibration. The filter circulation is 240 gallons per hour. The pump’s output is 280 gallons per hour. The max head is 5.91 ft. while its power consumption is 22W. The filter volume is up to 7.0 qtr.This product is designed for 60-100 gallon tanks. It has no water by-pass, water is forced through the media baskets thanks to its flush design. It includes ball-valve connections for simple flow adjustments and easy flow shut off and removal for filter maintenance. The product does not create any noise or vibration. The filter circulation is 240 gallons per hour. The pump’s output is 280 gallons per hour. The max head is 5.91 ft. while its power consumption is 22W. The filter volume is up to 7.0 qtr.​

PROS

  • Separate intake and output water flow control.
  • 5 media baskets.
  • Runs quietly.
  • Easy to set up.
  • Visually appealing look.
  • No debris bypass.
  • Produces crystal clear water.

CONS

  • Difficulty when servicing.
  • Difficulty in maintenance.

EHEIM Classic External Canister Filter With Media

https://www.amazon.com/dp/B0002AQXTA/

The EHEIM Classic External Canister Filter with Media has a tried and tested technology and high level of efficiency even for larger systems. The mechanical-biological purification is achieved in a single process with constant water circulation and simultaneous oxygen enrichment. The 2211 model is compact in size and comes complete with a stand.

This product has a permo-elastic silicon sealing ring fixed on the pump head for easy and safe closing after cleaning. It is equipped with filter sponges and/or loose filter media and comes with accessories such as spray bar, inlet pipe, hose and installation accessories. It also comes complete with filter media (EHEIM Mech & Substrat Pro) and valves.

PROS

  • No water splash after water level drops.
  • Runs quietly.
  • Easy to prime.
  • Intake can be lower into the tank.
  • Cleans thoroughly.
  • Easy cleaning and filter media changing.
  • Easy maintenance.
  • High-quality build materials.
  • Low power consumption.

CONS

  • Difficult to follow instructions.
  • Time-consuming priming.
  • Air getting stuck in the filter.

Fluval External Filter

https://www.amazon.com/dp/B005QRDCWA/

The Fluval External Canister Filter aquarium boasts a new and more powerful motor that adds extra convenience. Each Fluval Multi-Stage 06 Series Filter adds even more user-friendly features to ensure aquarium filtration is even easier to set up, customize, and maintain.

It provides filtration for aquariums up to 400 Liters (100 U.S. gallons) with a flow rate of 1450 L/H (383 US gallon per hour).

Each filter holds 35-50% more volume than round canisters of similar size and directs filtration through a complex flow path to maximize contact with the filtration media. It features the patented Aqua-Stop Valve which permits hose disconnects and easy-open, one-motion lock clamps makes routine cleaning and maintenance easy, multiple filtration baskets, and rim connector assemblies to keep the intake and output hoses in place on your aquarium. Multiple filtration baskets are already packed with the necessary media for mechanical, chemical, and biological filtration. Four distinct sizes - each with increasing flow rates and filter capacities - to suit any small to mid-sized home or commercial aquarium.

Other features of this canister filter are The Aqua-Stop Valve, multiple and removable media baskets, adjustable flow rates, instant-prime system, single-motion lift-lock clamps, clog-proof intake strainer, dual-layer foam screen and a quick start guide. This product comes with a 3-year warranty.​

PROS

  • Space saving design.
  • Easy to install and assemble.
  • Simple locking and unlocking mechanism.
  • Runs very quietly.
  • Very strong suction cups.
  • Adjustable input output heights.
  • Easy cleaning and maintenance.

CONS

  • Complicated instructions.
  • Ribbed tubing.
  • Impeller loses parts easily.
  • Large build.
  • Leakage problem after power outage.

Penn Plax Cascade Canister Aquarium Filter

https://www.amazon.com/dp/B0002DJ9GQ/

The Penn Plax Cascade Canister Aquarium Filter offers a heavy-duty and multi-stage external filtration for your fresh or salt water aquarium. This canister filter can handle aquariums up to 65 gallons efficiently providing up to 185 gallons per hour of flow. This filter is easy to install and comes with all the necessary accessories.

It has a quick push-button primer, two independent directional 360-degree rotational, flow-rate control valves and swimming pool-style hose clamps. The sturdy rubber mounted tip-proof rubber base keeps the unit in place. Each pump comes with large filter trays, start-up filter media & input/output tubing. An air-tight seal assures proper flow rate while maintaining ultra-quiet operation. The easy-lift clamps make it simple to release the vacuum and remove the top for changing media or other maintenance. Directional returns help to suspend waste matter so it can be taken in by the filter.

PROS

  • Large filter trays for any filter media.
  • Easy set up.
  • Produces great water quality.
  • Excellent flow rate.
  • Strong and secure hose connections.
  • Adjustable flow rate. Runs quietly.

CONS

  • Fragile-looking build.
  • Difficulty in priming.
  • Bypass issues.
  • Poor instructions.
  • Issues with the spray bar.
  • Difficulty in cleaning.

Choosing the best canister filter for your tank can be such a task. We hope that we were able to help you with our list of the top 5 canister filters. Out of the list, we highly recommend the EHEIM Classic External Canister Filter with Media. It’s quality and features makes it appealing to us. The easy servicing and maintenance process made it possible to be our top choice. But regardless if you agree with us or not, we hope that you find the best canister filer to keep your tank thriving and healthy.

Otherwise, you can check 2 detail reviews of Fluval 306 and Fluval 406​ filter.

The Best Betta Tanks In 2019 Market – Top 5 Reviews

Taking care of betta fish requires you to do some research as they are not like the "ordinary" fish on the market. Betta fish, also known as Siamese Fighting Fish, are those brightly colored fishes usually seen in pet shops and sold alone in small fishbowls. There is a very important reason for this - placing more than one of these fish in a tank isn't ideal as they will start to fight each other, regardless of their gender.

First discovered in South East Asia, betta fish have become used to less than ideal weather conditions such as storms and droughts. Because of this, betta fish are able to survive out of the water for short spans of time as long as they stay moist. Betta fish survive best in smaller sized tanks, as long as the water is regularly changed for it to remain clean.

Betta Fish – Why Is It Important To Choose The Right Tank?

Betta fish do well in warm water which is somewhat acidic (pH level 6.5 to 7) as cold water might stifle the immune system, making them sick. To keep bettas healthy, you have to also feed them properly - these fish have mouths which are turned upward and they feed on the surface of the water.  Commercial betta food is ideal for feeding these fish as they come in pellet form, which consists of dried bloodworms, brine shrimp or daphnia, which are the bettas main foods, plus some vitamins and minerals.

Though buying a betta fish for a pet may seem complicated, it's actually easy. You just need to have all the information needed in caring for them and getting the perfect tank for your fish to live in. Once you are able to get everything you need to complete your betta fish's environment, all you'd have to do is find the fish with the colors you prefer.

You must commit to the fact that you will have to care for this living thing as it needs a lot of care and attention. Caring for your betta fish in the best possible way will allow them/he/she to live longer and remain healthy, vibrant. Betta fish with their colorful appearance then adds color to your home or office space, which could possibly ease your stress and provide a relaxing effect.

Now that you have some basic information about betta fish, you must also know about the best betta tanks available on the market - to make caring for your betta a much easier task. Having the perfect tank will allow your fish to have good condition to flourish and have a longer life. Read on and gather as much information as you can!

What Kind Of Tank Is Needed For Betta Fish?

Having betta fish as pets have become more and more popular these days. Because of their unique beauty and vibrant colors, more people are choosing to keep them to add to the aesthetic appeal of their homes or offices. There are a few things to think about before deciding to buy your own betta fish and probably the most important one is finding the best tank to house it in. Below are important points to consider when choosing the right tank:

Tank For One

As stated previously, it is important to keep your betta fish in a solitary environment because of its aggressive nature. Housing more than one fish in a tank isn't ideal as they will end up fighting with each other. Betta fish have no difficulty killing another especially if it is more extraordinary and beautiful in appearance. Though in their natural environment, the weaker fish may have the chance to flee, being kept in a confined space will ensure its demise. This is especially true for male betta fish. So the first rule - one is enough.

Size Matters

Though when being sold in pet shops, beta fish are often placed in small cups or fishbowls. This is alright for short periods of time but as soon as you buy them, they would require more space to swim in the long run. Of course, all fish would immensely enjoy the vast space of a large tank, however, if your home or office space is small, a smaller tank is also okay. Betta fish like exercising and swimming around so the biggest tank that would fit your space would be ideal. If your fish has enough space to swim around, it will remain healthy and vibrant. Also, bigger tanks don't get dirty too quickly, ensuring a better quality of water for your fish to swim in. Basically, a betta fish tank should contain a minimum of 1 gallon of water, but more is better.

Which Shape Is Best?

When it comes to shapes, there are lots of different options. Round ones, traditional rectangular ones, tanks which have dividers, modern looking tanks and so much more. Actually, the shape of your tank isn't as important as its size. You can use your creativity in picking your betta fish tank's shape. Choose one which best fits the space you will place it on, as long as it's big enough to keep your fish happy and healthy.

Interior Design

Often fish tanks are laden with items and decorations inside, which makes it look more colorful and attractive. But what is the optimum amount of decorations inside your tank? Again, you should consider the size of the tank you plan to get and set up the decorations accordingly. Placing too many decorations might lessen the space for your betta fish to swim. Besides, since betta fish are already very attractive, in this case, less decoration is better.

Your Betta Fish Tank Buying Guide

Plan It Out

Take a look around your home or office and decide where you would like to situate your betta fish. It should be out of the reach of children, it could be in a place which is reached by sunlight and possibly near a place where you can plug in the necessary equipment/accessories of your tank. Choose a size which can accommodate your betta as well as whatever items or decorations you plan to place inside your tank. Also, make sure you have a clear idea of your water source as the water will have to be changed regularly.

Filtration System

Though it's important to choose a tank with a filter to keep your water clean, it is important to note that bettas dislike strong flowing water. So it is best to pick a tank filter which is adjustable and set it to a moderate mode . However, if you feel that the current is still too strong in your tank, you have the option to add some plants to weaken the flow.

Turn Up The Heat

Another important accessory to have in your betta tank is a heater. Since betta fish typically prefer warm water (around 77 – 80 degrees Fahrenheit), depending on your environment, you would probably need to have this additional accessory.

Preparing the Environment

When buying your tank, you should also think about the environment of your betta fish - which means you'd also have to buy plants and gravel to make your fish more comfortable. Finer gravel is ideal as it gathers less dirt and uneaten fish food which sinks to the base of your tank. Adding live plants is best for betta fish as their natural environment contain gravel as well. Fill your tank halfway with water first so you can properly situate your live plants before filling the tank.

The Reviews Of The 5 Best Betta Tanks

Wasn't that a great read? Now that you have more information about caring for betta fish and finding the perfect tank, it's a lot easier for you to make your choice. There are many choices out there and below are a few of the best ones. Have fun reading!

EcoQubeC Aquarium – Desktop Betta Fish Tank

EcoQubeC Aquarium – Desktop Betta Fish Tank

This small but charming tank could contain up to 2 gallons of water. It can easily be featured on your desk in the office or on a shelf in your home.

It includes landscaping and, when you add your beautiful betta fish, it would be an aesthetically pleasing decoration to your home or office!

This tank is a complete starter kit which includes a filter, sand, decorations, basil seeds and a wireless remote LED light. It has all you would need to build a good environment for your new pet. The aquaponics filter which is included is convenient and easy to maintain. It allows the plants in the tank to absorb the waste so you don't have to change the water frequently.

PROS

  • Includes the Aquaponics filter system.
  • It's a complete kit - all you need to do it set it up.
  • Convenient size allows you to place it even in small spaces.
  • Low maintenance because of the filtration system and the plants.

CONS

  • You would need three weeks waiting for the basil seeds to grow enough to be able to filter and absorb the fish waste, which means you would have to plan way ahead purchase this product in advance.
  • There may be problems with the LED lights.

Marineland ML90609 Portrait Aquarium Kit, 5-Gallon

Marineland ML90609 Portrait Aquarium Kit, 5-Gallon

This nifty product comes complete with the items and decorations you need to make a whole environment for your betta fish. It's quaint and lovely facade is quite modern and would be a beautiful addition to your home or office space.

This comes with instructions to assemble the kit and make it livable for your new pet. This product is ideal for people on the go who prefer to bring together their fish tank easily.

PROS

  • Comes with a 3 stage hidden back panel filtration and an adjustable water filter.
  • Comes with colored LEDs - bright white for daylight and a calming blue for moonlight setting.
  • Easy access to the tank from the sliding glass canopy and also includes a hinged light.

CONS

  • Water heater is not included.
  • Not suitable for bigger spaces

Tetra Waterfall Globe Aquarium 29008

Tetra Waterfall Globe Aquarium 29008

Looking for a lovely, unique tank for your betta fish? The Tetra Waterfall Globe Aquarium is perfect for you! It can contain up to 1.8 gallons of water, making it a conveniently lovely ornament for your home or office.

This complete kit includes lighting, a power filter and cartridge based filtration which is quite easy to set up.

Since it is miniature, it doesn't need a pump, though it does come with a built-in waterfall feature which rotates the water in the tank, creating movement and providing oxygen for your betta, which is crucial for its health.

PROS

  • Size allows you to situate it in most places.
  • Has its own filtration system.
  • The LED lighting is easy to use as it has a separate on/off button.
  • Unique waterfall feature.

CONS

  • Built in filtration system may present problems when it gets broken.
  • Size only allows for betta fish.

Fluval Edge Aquarium With LED Light

Fluval Edge Aquarium With LED Light

This gorgeous fish tank is perfect for big homes and large office spaces to add beauty and liveliness. Having a wonderfully eye-catching item such as this in one's home and office will surely bring a smile to everyone's faces.

The Fluval Edge Aquarium is massive compared to more common betta fish tanks and can contain a lot of water aside from the plants and decorations which are included with it. Aside from sand/gravel, it also includes lovely plants to enhance the look and to add to your new pet's environment and give it a richer life!

PROS

  • 6 sided and can contain up to 12 gallons of water.
  • User-friendly Edge Filter with Cycle Guard.
  • Includes water treatment systems - Nutrafin Cycle and Nutrafin Aquaplus.
  • Accessories and wiring can be concealed in the decorative column which is included.

CONS

  • Item is non-returnable.
  • Not ideal for small spaces.

Back To The Roots Water Garden Fish Tank

Back To The Roots Water Garden Fish Tank

This uniquely designed tank is best for those who'd like to add a little flair to their home or office space and it may contain up to 3 gallons of water. The plants growing on top of the water clean and filter the water for the fish living below.

This fun and complete kit contain organic seeds and fertilizer, fish food, a water pump which you can submerge in the water, gravel, and stones plus a coupon for your betta fish! The seeds included are actually herbs which you can also collect or harvest. It's like killing two birds with one stone!

PROS

  • Includes a self-sustained herb garden.
  • Complete kit - all you have to do is set it up!
  • Includes an Aquaponics filtration system.
  • Modern, cool design.

CONS

  • Design doesn't allow for a heater to be installed, so it's not ideal for people who live in cold climates.

The Final Verdict

Before going into a pet store, you should remember all the guidelines and tips you had read in this helpful article. Whatever purpose you have for buying a betta fish, you are now equipped with enough know how to successfully carry out all the tasks needed to prepare.

If you have enough space in your home or office and wish to have a large tank with user-friendly Edge filters, then Fluval Betta Tank is a perfect choice. If there is space constraint, you can opt for Back to the roots fish tank which is modern and has high-quality filter systems. It comes with a complete kit and is easy to install. It even has a herb garden which serves as a beautiful addition to the tank. It certainly deserves to be number 1 on our list here. So, you’re your betta fish a beautiful aquarium and make your office and home more beautiful. Good luck and have fun picking out your new pet!

The Good And Bad Of 5 Best – Rated Nano Aquariums in 2019

What Are Nano Aquariums?

Aquariums come in different shapes and sizes.

Some of the bigger ones can be found in public, like the aquariums you might have visited with your family when you were a kid. Such aquariums can contain fish of all kinds. There are small and medium-sized ones, and those that were probably much larger than yourself as a child.

Medium or large aquariums are common in some people’s homes, or even as decoration in hotels and restaurants.

But what about small ones?

While fish bowls may be more popular in media, there is actually a more sustainable way of keeping your fish. It’s call the nano aquarium or nano reef tank. It can contain from 2 to 40 gallons of water, and is usually compact enough to be placed on your desk.

W. In fact, it might even be quite challenging for you.

Before you go and get one for yourself, however, take a look at some of the pros and cons of a nano reef tank.

No.

Product

Image

Feature

Our rating

#1

Included tank, top, light filter, and filter pump, wet/dry biological filtration, compact, LED light bar

#2

Included white/blue LED, 3-stage hidden back panel filtration,  flow filter pump, hinged light, sliding glass canopy

#3

bent glass and frameless design for best viewing

Included Glass tank, hang on water filter, thermometer, and fish net

#4

Includes foam block, activated carbon and BioMax bio rings, 31 LED Lighting System

#5

Included a Marina Slim S10 clip-on filter with quick-change filter cartridges , a net, fish food, a water conditioner

What Are The Pros And Cons Of A Nano Aquarium?

Pros:

a. It’s More Affordable

Since it’s smaller than the average aquarium, it’s also cheaper to set up. For beginners who may just be trying things out, it may be more appealing to invest a small amount, in case you would end up not pursuing the hobby.

There will also be less equipment . A nano aquarium would have no need for a sump, which means you wouldn’t have to worry about plumbing.

Another item that will cost less is the lighting. In medium or large aquariums, the lighting is one of the most expensive pieces of equipment. The longer your tank, the more lighting you might need to usealso impacts your electricity bill.

But with a nano reef tank, the lighting you need would not be as plenty compared to a regular aquarium. There are also nano aquarium kits that already come with lighting, which is good enough for soft corals or rock setups with fish.

b. It Has Good Mobility

Imagine if you had to move to another house complicated would that be to transfer a 50-inch aquarium?

One of the perks in getting a nano reef tank is the fact that it’s easier to transfer from one place to another, will also be safe to place upstairs. With larger tanks, you would need to consider the structural support of your house and ensure that the weight can be supported upstairs.


Cons:

a. A Nano Reef Tank Might Be More Suitable For Experienced Hobbyists

Due to its lesser water volume, a nano aquarium may have less stability in salinity and nutrients. Changes in water quality and chemistry can occur faster than it does in a bigger tank.

To keep the salinity parameters in good level, you may have to top it off with freshwater every other day. It sounds tedious, but there are aquariums that have an automatic top-off system installed.

Because of the stability issues, you would also have to change the water at least once a week. Monitoring the tank would have to be more frequent as well for you to be able to provide a remedy if ever the stability issues cause problems.

If you live in a tropical country, or somewhere that has a warmer climate, this may also cause more evaporation to occur. To avoid this, it would be ideal to keep the nano reef tank in a cooler room that has consistent temperature.

b. You Have Limited Options For Fish

Because we’re dealing with limited space, it’s a given that the amount of fish you can keep in your nano aquarium is limited too.

There are plenty of suitable saltwater and freshwater fish for nano reef tanks so you will have a lot of choices. To decide on which ones to keep, you consider the following:

  • Their size.
  • Their temperament.
  • Their compatibility with each other and with your reef.

Choose fish or invertebrates that don’t grow too big. You might also have to do some research on these creatures’ habits. If you decide to keep invertebrates such as shrimps, and one of your fish happens to enjoy preying on them, it’s definitely not the ideal ones.

Peaceful and calm aquatic life is more suitable for a nano aquarium. If they are not compatible with your corals, this could also lead to damage within the tank.

If you are new to the hobby, the cons may sound daunting. However, it can also be great to start with something advanced as you will acquire skills that will help you in this hobby in the long run.

If you’re a seasoned pro, you’re probably feeling challenged now and thinking of the ideal nano aquarium for you. No worries, we have a list coming up.

What are the best nano aquariums in the market?

Here are some of the top-rated nano reef tanks for you to choose from.

Coralife Biocube

Coralife Biocube

This nano aquarium can contain 23.5 gallons and has dimensions of 20 x 20.75 x 18.75. It weighs 54 pounds and is made of glass.

The entire package consists of the tank, top cover, light filter, fan, and filter pump. It’s one of the kits that already include lighting, so there won’t be any need for you to buy additional lights.

PROS

  • It is a kit, and contains the needed equipment.
  • Easy to set up and maintain.
  • The corners are rounded so injuries can be prevented.
  • Modern-looking cube shape.
  • Includes blue lighting that can make your aquarium look more like the ocean.
  • Comes with one-year warranty

CONS

  • Quite expensive, but you can consider the fact that it’s a set and it already includes most of the equipment; it also has a higher capacity of 23.5 gallons, which may explain the price.
  • The fan inside the lid can be quite noisy, so it might not be ideal to place the item in a bedroom or office.

Marineland ML90609 Portrait Aquarium Kit

Marineland ML90609 Portrait Aquarium Kit

With a 5-gallon capacity, this nano reef tank is sized at 16.8 inches high, 11.8 inches long, and 11.8 inches wide. It weighs 12 pounds.

It comes with an advanced three-stage back panel filtration with an adjustable flow filter pump. This feature is hidden on the back of the tank, so that it does not obscure the aesthetics.

The aquarium also comes with bright blue and white LED lights that includes daylight and moonlight settings.

It includes a hinged light and a sliding glass canopy for easy access.

PROS

  • As a kit, it includes all the equipment needed.
  • Most of it are hidden in the back, so there is less noise and no bulky top.
  • Since it has a smaller capacity, it is also more affordable.
  • Blue and white LED lights and daylight/moonlight options that can enhance the aesthetic appeal of your nano reef tank.
  • Has rounded edges to prevent injuries.
  • Comes with a two-year warranty.

CONS

  • Because the filter and other equipment are hidden in the back, it may be more difficult to clean.
  • Not suitable for fish that are smaller than one inch in length, as they can get sucked into the filter compartment

Penn Plax Vertex Aquarium Kit

Penn Plax Vertex Aquarium Kit

This 2.7-gallon capacity nano aquarium kit includes a hang-on water filter, an LCD stick-on thermometer, and a fish net. It is also recommended to beginner hobbyists.

It weighs 6.9 pounds and measures 10 inches high by 8 inches wide and 9 inches long. Its glass is 1/8 inch thick, which makes it pretty durable despite its small size. It also has a frameless design, which allows you to view your fish and plants with no obstructions.

PROS

  • Due to its small capacity, it is also affordable and suitable for spaces such as office desks.
  • It comes with a thermometer, filter, and a fish net.
  • The filter is quiet and has an adjustable flow rate.
  • The tank also has rounded corners.
  • Comes with a warranty, but the duration is unknown.

CONS

  • Does not come with lightings so you would have to buy your own separately.

Fluval Spec III Aquarium Kit

Fluval Spec III Aquarium Kit

This etched-glass tank with aluminum trim comes in two colors: black and white. You have the option of choosing the color you prefer, although the black one is more expensive by $4.

It weighs at 10.1 pounds, and is 8.7 inches by 10.8 inches and 11.8 inches.

The package includes 31 LED lights, an adjustable pump, a filter, a foam block, activated carbon, and BioMax bio rings.

PROS

  • It’s specifically made for office desks and countertops, so if that’s where you want to place your nano aquarium, this tank is a good choice.
  • Comes in two colors.
  • Includes all of the things you need for setup, including lighting.
  • The pump and filtration system are on the back, and does not make much noise.
  • Comes with a warranty, but the duration is unknown.

CONS

  • Even when set to the lowest setting, the filtration may be too strong for some types of fish, so depending on the fish you keep, you may need to modify the filtration system.

Marina LED Aquarium Kit

Marina LED Aquarium Kit

This nano reef tank comes in three sizes: 5 gallon, 10 gallon, and 20 gallon.

It includes a Marina clip-on filter with quick-change cartridges, long-lasting LED lights with natural daylight effect, and all of the equipment needed for set up, such as the pump and filter.

The package also comes with a net, fish food, a water conditioner that makes tap water safe for fish, and a supplement that helps create a healthy and well-balanced environment for your fish.

PROS

  • Includes everything you need, plus extra items such as the fish food, water conditioner, and supplement.
  • Rprice, considering everything that comes with it.
  • Comes in multiple sizes so you have options to choose from.
  • Easy to set up.
  • Filtration system does not make much noise.
  • Comes with a warranty, but the duration is unknown.

CONS

  • The corners of the tank are silicon that glues the glass together, instead of rounded glass—this gives less visibility.

What’s the verdict?

Of course, it ultimately depends on your needs.

Take into consideration the type and amount of fish you’d like to keep. If you want a bigger environment, then you might want the 20-gallon models.

If you prefer just a little decorations on your desk or countertop, however, then you might want to go for the 2 to 5-gallon ones.

We find all of these tanks to be pretty awesome, but Marina LED Aquarium Kit takes the cake.

It really does include everything you need and more. We were completely won over by the extra items such as fish food, water conditioner and supplements.

These items would not only be helpful to seasoned hobbyists, but they would greatly help beginners as well.

Not to mention, you get all that at a good price.

The Marina LED Aquarium Kit also comes in three sizes, which makes it a great choice, regardless of how much fish and plants you plan to keep.

In the end, whichever aquarium you choose will surely be good for you and your fish.

Tell us your pick in the comments section below!

Best Pond Filter – A Guide to a Cleaner Pond, with Reviews

best pond filter

The best way to make your pond clean and make it stay that way is a filtration system. Now, which pond filter do you exactly need is based on the type of the pond itself. To know exactly which filter system do you need and which one is the best pond filter at the moment, check out the tips and info below.
There are a few basic things that you need to understand before we get into details. So let’s get started immediately.

Why are pond filters necessary?

best pond filter

Their sole purpose is to bring balance and clean the pond’s ecosystem. It gets rid of sewage, biological waste, and dirt. All these impurities are constantly coming back to the pond which can harm its ecosystem, and in the end the fish as well.
The pond filter system pulls out all the impurities by filtering the dirty water and making it clean and safe for the fish.
There are different types of pond filter, and you should know their traits to determine which one is the best pick for your pond.

Types of pond filters

Types of pond filters
  • In-pond filter. This type of filter is the best to filter for a small pond, it is attached to the pump, and it may require a bio-chamber for cleaning.
  • Skimmer filter. This filter is able to catch large dirt, it draws the pond water and catches large pieces of waste. It is suitable for small and larger ponds.
  • Pressure filter. This filter is mechanical, and it draws the water through the sponge, which traps the dirt and other impurities. It is an above ground pond filter which can also be placed below the waterline, and it is great for large ponds.
  • UV Sterilizer. Technically, it’s a clarifier, not a filter. It kills the microorganisms by changing their cellular structure. Its victims are viruses, bacteria, fungi, and algae. To really keep the pond clean best pond UV sterilizer should be added.
  • Waterfall filter. This filter uses balls and ceramic beads for filtering. It’s placed over the water, and it’s suitable for medium and larger ponds.


Pond filter benefits

best Pond filter benefits
  • It clears the water. Clearing the water is its basic and most important purpose of them all. Clean and healthy environment means clean and healthy fish.
  • It brings the balance to the pond. It maintains the bacterial balance in the pond’s ecosystem which is not achievable without it.
  • Extra features. There are some filters that have a great design, and they even serve as a decoration for the pond as well. They are available in the form of a fountain, a waterfall, etc.

Types of pond filters based on their placement

pond filters based on their placement

There are two types of pond filters based on their placement, submersible and external.
External filters are placed above, and submersible filters are placed below the waterline.
The advantage of submersible filters is that they can be hidden and they can fit perfectly in the decoration of the pond, but they do require more maintenance.
The best external pond filter is very easy to maintain, and it’s very reachable, but since it’s above the ground, it can’t be hidden well as much as the submersible ones.

The volume of the filter

volume of the filter

The first thing you should check is the volume of the filter based on the size of your pond, and the number of fish in it. More fish means more bacteria, and more bacteria require more cleaning. You have to know the size of your pond, so you can check the volume of the filter and make sure that it’s capable of cleaning the pond of that size.

Type of filtration

Type of filtration

There are 3 types of filtration.

  • Biological
  • Mechanical
  • Chemical

Most filters are biological and mechanical, while some newer versions can be the combination of these two types. You can find these features if you find the best all in one pond filter.
Mechanical systems are great for small and large pieces of dirt. The biological one maintains a good balance of the pond’s ecosystem, making it a healthy environment for the fish.
You won’t need a chemical filtration system unless your pond is chemically polluted. Then the only way to clean it is by the chemical filtration system.

Why does a filtration system need UV light?

filtration system need UV light

UV light in the intake is for one purpose only – to bring all the algae together, so they make large pieces. This way it’s very easy for a mechanical filter to clear them out. If you want your pond to be algae free, make sure the filtration system has best pond UV light possible.

Pond filter reviews

Check out some of the recommendations which contain best large pond filter, best pond filter for koi, best UV sterilizer for koi ponds and more. Amongst these picks, you are probably going to find what you are looking for and speed up your search incomparably.

1. TetraPond Bio-Active

While not the company that is focused on gardening, TetraPond produces products mainly focused on fish. They were the fish food company, and they are responsible for most innovations in the fish food industry today.
Later on, the company focused on three markets: ponds, reptiles, and fish. And since that moment they brought a lot of products for maintaining the ponds.
The Bio-Active filter is a great piece of engineering. It’s a mechanical filter that combines the filters with the bio-active mixture. The mixture contains bacteria and microorganisms that turn the pollutants into nitrates that feed the plants in the pond.
After it cleans the dirt and removes the chemical pollutants, it sterilizes algae by using the UV light. Then it collects the algae and flushes them out.
It does require some additional components to work as it should. This piece doesn’t come with a pump. While that is not something odd, it can be an issue with this particular filter, because it has very high flow rate. It requires a really powerful pump to work properly.
Pros:

  • It has the highest flow rate of all filters.
  • It’s effective in large ponds.
  • It comes with a UV clarifier.
  • Very quality built.
  • Very easy to install and set up.
  • Cleans all the dirt in the pond and feeds the pond’s vegetation.

Cons:

  • It requires a powerful pump, which is not included.
  • The flush port needs an additional filter.
  • It requires water refilling.

OASE Filtral UVC 700

This brand is one of the few that specializes in products of this type. They make great filters and pumps. And they are focusing mostly on the water, so the water will be clean, but they do not focus on the wellbeing of the fish.
This doesn’t mean that they are not suitable for fish ponds, it only means that they are more focused on the pond itself than on the animals that live in it. That being said, this model is a great all-in-one filter that comes at a good price point.
It’s probably the cheapest all-in-one system available. But, it does have some limitations. It’s suitable best for small ponds, it’s one of the smallest filters, and it cannot handle large ponds. While it comes with the pump included, it is a pretty weak pump with a low flow rate.
It has the “waterfall” feature, which doesn’t perform like it’s being imagined. The best part of the waterfall feature is that it oxygenates the water. If you have a fairly small pond and you want to have all the parts you need at once, this little package should do the trick.
Pros: 

  • It comes with the pump included.
  • It has a UV clarifier.
  • It’s very affordable considering the whole package.
  • It oxygenates the water it filters.

Cons:

  • It can handle only small ponds.
  • It has a low flow rate.
  • While it has the “waterfall” setting, it’s not powerful enough to do it.


OASE BioSmart 

Another OASE filter, but this time for ponds of medium size with an average fish amount. It has a multi-stage mechanical and biological filtration. It has a series of filter foams in its compact package, and with them, it creates the environment full of good bacteria.
It also feeds the vegetation in the pond by converting the harmful nitrites and ammonia to nitrates. It has a built-in cleaning mechanism and its own temperature gauge. With the surface area filter of this size, it has great biofiltration capability. It’s best to use it in small and medium ponds with small and average fish population.
It’s very easy to use, and it has a cleaning indicator. It doesn’t come with a pump, and it can handle the ponds of up to 10,000 gallons of water. BioSmart can be a great choice for people that want the filtering system that is easy to use and has a lot of features.
Pros:

  • It can handle small, medium and possibly large ponds as well.
  • It has an automatic cleaning system.
  • Very easy to use.
  • It has a water temperature gauge.
  • It has a sludge drain feature.

Cons

  • The outtake is kind of flimsy
  • It doesn’t come with the connections for the outflow; you have to get your own.


Best Choice Products 4000

Best choice products, yes it’s a real brand name, is a slightly young brand which started its business by selling cheap pool tables. You can figure it out based on the name of the company itself that they do not specialize in anything really. Instead, they produce a lot of different products for different markets.
With that in mind, it’s surprising that their pond filter has such good performance. Since water gardens and fish require expert knowledge to achieve a good pond ecosystem. It is pretty effective, and it’s the best koi pond filter on the list, considering its cleaning capacity and flow rate.
But, you can clearly spot the difference between this filter and the others, and this is where the lack of specialization shows the most.
But, it’s one of the fastest cleaning filters out there. And it can handle the ponds that are 2m deep, with no problems. Although it’s not known for its poor quality, it doesn’t always work at its peak performance. And the maintenance is not that convenient.
The backflushing feature it has is nothing special, and it doesn’t do the job that great. In order to really clean the filters as they should be cleaned, the unit has to be disassembled.
Pros:

  • It has a great flow rate, one of the best in the market.
  • It features a UV clarifier.
  • It’s pretty affordable.
  • It can handle ponds that are 2m deep, which makes it great filter for Koi ponds.

Cons:

  • Cleaning it is not an easy or fast process.
  • Flush port need an additional line.
  • The electronic parts are not the best ones around.


Pond Boss FM002P

This filter comes with a whole kit, and it’s an all-in-one kind of filter. While being one of the complete filters out there, it’s also very eco-friendly and energy efficient. If you consider that it comes with a filter, pump, and the nozzle, you come to the conclusion that it saves you a lot of money.
It’s suitable for ponds that are less than 500 gallons. It’s a very quiet filter that saves energy and cares about the environment. It saves you the money when you buy it, because it comes with all the parts needed, and it saves the money in the future because it doesn’t use a lot of electricity. And it’s very affordable in the first place.
It’s very easy to set up and maintain. And it offers you the ability to connect additional parts and decorations, along with the fountain feature.
Pros:

  • The fountain feature looks and sounds great and it aerates the water.
  • The value for the price is unmatched.
  • It does a good job of cleaning the water.
  • Very energy efficient, and a great money saver overall.
  • Eco-friendly.

Cons:
The base is pretty light, and you will need to come up with a way to keep it down.

TetraPond GreenFree UV Clarifier

This one is specialized for algae elimination. If you want your pond to be absolutely algae free, this is their certain doom. It uses UV light that eliminates the algae and their reproductive capability. It then clumps the dead algae and pumps it out further to the filtration system.
In just five days the pond will be algae free, and it will stay that way as long as this clarifier takes care of it. It is very easy to install and to hide. It’s a durable clarifier that can handle the ponds up to 8800 gallons.
Although it’s only an addition to the filtering system, it can really enhance the system’s capabilities. If your pond filtering system doesn’t have the UV clarifier, then this one might be your best choice. Give it a few days, and your pond water will be clearer than ever.
But, you can witness its full potential on low flow rates, and this is a letdown, but for some pond owners it might be just what they need.
Pros:

  • It’s an affordable UV clarifier.
  • It easy to use and set up.
  • It eliminates all the algae in a matter of five days.
  • It handles the ponds up to 8800 gallons.
  • It’s very durable.

Cons:
It requires a low flow rate to show its full potential

Jebao Pu-36

This system is better than the previous one, and if you ever need an upgrade – here it is! It’s a UV filter that kills a lot of viruses, bacteria, algae, fungi, and protozoa. It’s great for pond usage, and it can be also used in fresh and saltwater. It has a highly effective UV lamp that disrupts the DNA of all the organisms that your ponds shouldn’t be home to.
It’s easy to use it and attach it to the existing pond filter system, and it can be positioned vertically and horizontally. Which gives you a lot of options in concealing. To keep the population of the malicious organisms in your pond at its bare minimum, add this piece to your system and leave worries behind.
You might, however, encounter some issues if you need to replace the UV bulbs, it can be quite tricky. And it might require some longer time to clean the large ponds.
Pros:

  • It features a strong UV light for its price.
  • Works awesome in small and medium ponds.
  • It’s very easy to install it, and it can be installed in a lot of ways.
  • Absolutely destroys all unwanted microorganisms.

Cons:

  • It’s tricky to replace the bulbs.
  • It can be used for large ponds, but it will require a lot more time to do the job.

Fish Mate 1000PUV 

If you own a small pond, and you want to keep it completely clean at all times, this might be the best filter for such pond. It handles up to 1000 gallons of water, and it has a combination of biological filtration and UV light to eliminate the algae.
It’s very easy to install it, and it’s great that it can be placed below and above the waterline. The maintenance is also a piece of cake. Once you install it, give it around seven days, and your pond will be crystal clear. Concealing it will also not going to be a problem at all.
You might, however, encounter some leakage issues. It’s not the norm, but it tends to happen. You might modify it to prevent leakage from happening.
Pros:

  • Super easy to install and conceal.
  • Creates a crystal clear pond ecosystem within a week.
  • Very easy to maintain.
  • Perfect filter for small ponds.

Cons:
You might experience some leakage.



TetraPond Filtration Fountain Kit


Aesthetics are important when it comes to ponds, let’s not forget about that. So why not get a filter that is a great addition to the looks of the pond as well? This kit is ready to be used as a filtering system and a fountain. It’s also capable of producing three patterns: bell pattern, spray and frothy pattern.
The fountain heads can be adjusted. It’s a submersible filter that keeps the pond clean, creates a fountain and reduces the chance of clogging at the same time. It comes with the pump included and all fittings and tubing it needs. The pump can drive 325 gallons of water per hour.
While it has all these awesome features, it’s best to use it for small ponds up to 500 gallons. Add a UV clarifier, and you will have a complete package for your little pond to be clear all the time.
Pros:

  • It comes with the pump included.
  • It’s very easy to clean.
  • It’s a complete kit to make the pond water clean, and you get the fountain as well.
  • It has a variable pattern for the fountain.

Cons:
Assembling it can be a bit tricky.

Jebao CF-10

If you’re looking for an external pond filter champion – look no further, because here it is. Especially if you have a natural pond. It has a lot of features, and it's very user-friendly. It’s a combo of mechanical and biological filters, and it can handle the ponds up to 1000 gallons.
The two foam discs in the mechanical part of the filter collect the dirt and help the good bacteria grow to break down the pollutants. The biological part keeps the good bacteria, and it converts the nitrite to nitrates that feed the pond's vegetation.
It also has a UV lamp that will kill all the algae and bring them together for easy removal. It keeps the water that passes through it very close to the UV lamp, which significantly improves the lamp’s effectiveness. It doesn’t come with a pump, and it should be paired with a pump that has a flow of 850-1320 gallons per hour.
Jebao CF-10 is one of the most quality options of pond filters out there, and if you really want to invest into the wellbeing of the fish residing in the pond, it might be your best choice.
Pros:

  • Great value for the price.
  • Very simple to use and set up.
  • It has all necessary filters to keep the pond clean and free of bad microorganisms.
  • Very effective UV system.

Cons:
The build quality is not that amazing.

In conclusion

Considering the type of the pond you own, you can choose the best pond filter that will suit your and your pond’s ecosystem needs. Out of all the examples and recommendations presented, Jebao CF-10 is certainly one of the best ones out there, since it has all the filtering options you can get. The only thing that is missing is the pump, which is usual amongst these products.
If you require a submersible filter system, then your choice should be something else. Nevertheless, all of these examples on the list are selected to satisfy everyone’s special needs.

Best betta food – What and how to feed your betta fish

Betta fish is a bit sensitive when it comes to food, and a lot of betta fish owners have a tough time finding the best betta food for their pets. They refuse to eat a lot of food, and sometimes they just try it and spit it out a few moments later. Don’t worry, there’s a solution to this, they just need some extra attention, and you need just a few pointers on the food selection.

What kind of food does betta fish eat?

a beatutìul betta is looking for food

Bettas are carnivores, so naturally, they eat flesh. High protein based diet is a must for a betta fish to be healthy. In their natural surroundings, betta fish will eat almost anything that is smaller than them. Worms, bloodworms, daphnia, brine shrimp, mosquito larvae and tiny fish.
Since they are in a home environment, the food choice is quite limited for them, they can only hope you get best brands of betta food, and you keep their diet diverse by throwing in some of the  betta food pellets or the fry food.
Bloodworms are the best frozen food for a betta, and bettas do like them, but they can get tired of them if they get only bloodworms to eat every day. You can try to find some of the live betta food, but that will be a tricky task since that kind of food is not that accessible.

Best types of food for betta fish

best-food-for-betta-splendens-blue

All betta food can be divided into 5 groups that together make a group of betta food you can feed to your fish:

  •  The first one is floating pellets. Floating pellets are usually the main food source for betta fish. They vary in size and quality, so choose based on those two factors. Also, always read the ingredients and make sure that they are high in protein. And since they are usually made in bigger chunks, it’s the best food for a giant betta.
  • The second type is the sinking pellets. They can also be used as the main food source. But, betta fish usually eat of the water’s surface, so their natural instinct won’t lead them to sink pellets, but they might work.
  • The third type is the betta flakes, which are very hard to control how much should you feed them to the fish. They also sink pretty fast and will be hard to remove if there are any remains.
  • Bloodworms are one of the betta’s favorite foods. They can be bought frozen, and they come packed in cubes. One cube can have around 100 of bloodworms. Be careful not to drop an entire cube into the tank. Cut it into smaller pieces and put in a cup filled with tank water.
    Get one or two worms out of there and feed them to your fish. And do not re-freeze unused worms, throw them out instead. It’s the best food for betta fighter.
  • The last type of food is freeze dried, which is usually daphnia, krill, shrimp or bloodworms. This kind of food has low nutritional value, and should not be used as the main food source. It should be used as a treat. It can be used one or two times a week, and that’s it.

Best betta food recommendations

Omega One Freeze Dried Blood Worms

Omega One Freeze Dried Blood Worms

A package of .46 OZ of large bloodworms that betta fish loves to eat. It’s one of the best color enhancing betta food, and it’s very high in protein. Rich in natural fat and low in ash, your betta fish will stay healthy with this type of selected food.
It also doesn’t could the water, so you won’t have to deal with that type of mess. Soak them a bit in the tank water before feeding, for about 5mins. Bettas turn into piranhas when they taste bloodworms; they absolutely love them. It can be said that it’s the best natural food for betta fish.

New Life Spectrum Betta Formula

New Life Spectrum Betta Formula Product

If the color enhancement is your concern, and you would like to add nutrients that are essential for bettas color, this food can be a great addition to their diet. It’s made of fully natural ingredients which are very important for color enhancement and fish’s vitality.
These semi-floating pellets are made of south Antarctic krill, herring, squid and mussel protein from New Zealand. With several ingredients added to boost the immune system and balance the diet. It’s high in protein, and it doesn’t contain soy or hormone additives. It has all the necessary vitamins that betta fish needs for a healthy life. It could be the best betta food for color. And the best food for betta splendens, that keeps the little fighters vital and strong.

Ocean Nutrition Atison's Betta Food

Ocean Nutrition Atison's Betta Food Product

2.6 OZ packaging of floating pellet food. It’s specifically made for betta fish, and it contains all the nutrients they need. It’s possibly the best floating betta food. It doesn’t cloud the water, and it will help the fish to enhance that color. It can last up to 6 months after it is being opened.
The food floats for a long time, so the fish have plenty of time to eat all the food. And the pieces are very small, so bettas can munch on them instantly, without having to spit them out and break into smaller pieces. It could be considered the best food for baby betta fish.

Aqueon Betta Pellets Betta Food

Aqueon Betta Pellets Betta Food

Another great daily betta food. The pellets are just the right size, so the fish doesn’t overfeed. It’s a .95 OZ packaging full of balanced nutrition for the fish. It doesn’t contain any artificial colors, and all the ingredients are natural.
The color of the food is from the natural ingredients, and it will bring out the fish’s natural colors. The pellets don’t float for a long time, but because they are a perfect size, bettas eat them very quickly. If your betta tends to spit out food, this one can be a great solution for that. And it’s possibly the best food for crowntail betta fish.

​Tetra 16838 BettaMin™ Tropical Medley

Tetra 16838 BettaMin™ Tropical Medley

Tropical flakes made to make bettas happy. The food is made in Germany, and it weighs .81 OZ. It contains flakes and krill, and it’s suitable for daily feeding. It has all the nutrients needed to be complete diet food. It also enhances the color of the fish and is very high in protein, almost 50%!
For those bettas that have a hard time or don’t like to eat the pellets, flakes might be the answer. It floats long enough for the betta to grab all of it, and it doesn’t cloud the water. Along with the Spectrum formula, this food also could be the best color enhancing betta food available and one of the best betta flake foods out there.

​Zoo Med Dial

Zoo Med Dial

Now that you saw plenty of daily foods, it’s only fair to give a treat to your pet. It has a very convenient packaging containing 3 types of treats: bloodworms (of course), daphnia and mysis. All the good and favorite stuff of betta fishes.
Probably they won’t leave anything floating; they go crazy about these. The ingredients are all natural, and the total weight of the treats is .12 OZ.

What is the feeding schedule for a betta fish?

Betta in the mirror

While most people will feed their fish up to three times a day, thinking just because some time has passed the fish might be hungry, it doesn’t mean you should do it. You can feed your bettas even one time only, and they will be fine, although twice a day is ok too.
You can determine the time of the day you will feed the fish, based on your schedule. It takes around 10 minutes per feeding session, so 20 minutes of your day total. Feed your betta and make sure it eats all the food. If it doesn’t, then remove the leftovers.
Also, if you got up in the morning and the fish is still sleeping, don’t wake it up just to feed it. Let the fish adjust to your schedule. Select a day in a week that will be used for fasting. One day of fasting will make the fish clear its digestive system and resolve the issues regarding constipation.
When it comes to the amount of food, you should keep track at first how much and what does your betta eats. Based on this, you can create a schedule for food and treats. For example, if you feed your fish one time a day, feed it four pellets or three bloodworms. If you feed it two times, then give it two pellets or one bloodworm.
If, however, you feed it three times a day, which is not recommended, then fed it only two pellets or one bloodworm each time.

Should you feed your betta’s tropical fish food flakes?

Since bettas are tropical fish, tropical fish food flakes will do just fine. But, bettas are carnivores, and tropical fish flakes are food that’s plant-based, so they don’t have enough protein. You could feed your betta’s tropical fish food flakes, as long that’s not the only thing they eat.
They require meat protein, and that should be their main course.

Common problems with betta fish and food

close-big-era-siamese-fighting-fish

Bettas tend to spit out their food; this is one of the most common problems that betta owners encounter. Usually, the reason being is the big chunks of food. If the food chunks are too big, the fish spit them out and try to break them off into smaller pieces.
If you notice this, try to break the food into smaller pieces before you put it in the tank. And sometimes they even have problems with frozen bloodworms due to their texture. Grab a cup of tank water and put the worms in, let them soften up a bit, and then feed them to your fish.
One more common problem for fresh betta owners is that their fish refuses to eat, and this is normal. They always need time to adjust to a new home. If they haven’t changed their home recently, and they don’t want to eat, they might be constipated, and one day of fasting will do them good.
There are some other things that can be a factor, like water quality, hiding places, and tank size.

Betta Food F.A.Q

Can a betta fish eat goldfish food?

This is a very popular question, but the only similarity between the two is that they are both fish, and that’s it. Bettas are carnivores while goldfish are omnivores. Usually, goldfish food is low in protein, which is essential for betta fish.
So in short, yes, betta fish can eat goldfish food, but they shouldn’t. Because it’s not nutritional enough for betta fish to be healthy.

What human food can I feed my betta fish?

Although you can feed your betta human food, it should not be often, and it should never be the main food source. Bear in mind that human food is mostly land food, and although bettas are carnivores, it might not be the best to feed them the flesh of land animals.
Some people tend to feed them chicken as a treat, but this isn’t natural for the fish, and the meat of farm animals also has antibiotics in it which can harm the fish.

Can betta fish eat peas?

This is a popular question in the community. And yes, they can. Bettas like peas, and it helps them with constipation and bloating. It’s very good for their digestive system. But, you should be careful when feeding peas to your fish.
Don’t give your fish frozen pea, boil it instead and remove the skin. Then cut it into smaller pieces. This way it will be easy for your fish to eat it.

Conclusion

And that concludes all the info you might need to find the best food for your betta. If you’re the proud new owner of betta fish, now you only need to get the hang of that feeding schedule, and your fish will be happy and healthy. Check out the food suggestions, and try them out, you might need to change them up until you find out the perfect match for your fish, since they are not all the same.

The Complete Guide To Betta Fish Care

The Betta fish is also known as the Siamese Fighting Fish is native to Asia, originally coming from Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Thailand. They are usually found in the waters of rice paddies, rivers, muddy ponds, and slow-moving streams. But as the Betta fish became popular, acquiring one is no longer that difficult.

Owning a Betta fish makes for a wonderful experience. Just watching their magnificent and colorful fins makes you feel happy inside. However, not all of Betta fish owner knows exactly how to take care of a Betta fish properly.

If you are one of those who recently decided on having a Betta fish as your pet, you should read this article, that will guide you on how to take care of your Betta fish

Betta Care Supplies

We know that you want to learn about the ways on how to properly take care of your Betta fish. We’re here to help you by recommending this complete guide to Betta fish care. To start with, here are our pro tips and a list of all the essential supplies that you need to gather and assemble:

1. Fish Tank

It may be obvious why this tops the list of supplies that you will need in raising a Betta fish, but it can be surprising how many fish owners fail to consider choosing the right tank for their Bettas.

Your tank should ideally be made of glass or acrylic. Housing your Betta in a fish bowl or a small container is not a good idea. When it comes to the tank size, Bettas need a good amount of space to swim around and roam or else they’ll get restless. That is why we recommend a five-gallon tank for your Betta. A bigger one like a ten-gallon tank works as well .

2. Tank Water

The right water conditions for your Betta fish is something that you should not take for granted. Make sure that the water you have in your tank is of high-quality, fresh, clean and chlorine-free.

The water should have the proper pH level which can be accomplished by having it tested. The ideal pH range for your tank water is 6.5 to 7. Keep in mind that your Betta’s safety should be a priority.

3. Fish Food

The Betta fish, in its natural habitat, eats live insects. Don’t worry, we don’t expect you to catch mosquitoes all day just to feed your Betta. As an owner, you need to make sure that the dietary needs of your Betta fish are met. We recommend fish pellets and fish flakes for daily sustenance. Live food such as brine shrimps and bloodworms are best for your Betta if it is feeling unwell. Thawed frozen food and dried fish are also healthy treats that your Betta can snack on.

Read more: Best Betta Food

4. Filtration System

Another basic need for your Betta fish is an aquarium filter. While Betta fishes are known to survive in waters with poor conditions, it does not mean that you should keep yours in poor conditions.

We do not advise fish owners to keep their Bettas in an unfiltered tank. A tank filter helps clean the water of wastes from Betta excrements and uneaten food, prevents the harmful buildup of nitrate and ammonia, circulates air, and gets rid of other contaminants.

5. Tank Heater

It is important to note that your Betta fish is a tropical fish. This means that it thrives on warm water. Keeping the water temperature between 75 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit is important. That’s why a tank heater is something that you should not forget.

You can forego the tank heater if your room temperature consistently stays at a minimum of 70 degrees day and night. A temperature that is lower than 60 degrees and higher than 90 degrees can have serious negative effects on your betta such as premature death, an event that you wouldn’t want.

6. Tank Lid/Cover

Bettas usually jump out of the water’s surface to get oxygen from the air given their Anabantoid nature. Being Anabantoids, Bettas can breathe air above the water’s surface through their mouths. In order to prevent the Betta fish from jumping out of its tank, you should put a lid or cover on the tank.

7. Tank Light

We recommend that you get LED lighting for your Betta’s tank. It should be soft, subtle, and not too bright. LED lighting also doesn’t give off too much heat which makes it ideal.

8. Tank Decorations

You can get decorations from your pet store to add some flair to your Betta’s tank. Make sure to thoroughly wash your decorations clean before placing it inside your aquarium tank.

Betta Care Notes

Now that you have all the essential supplies, you can go ahead and start the wonderful experience of raising your Betta fish. After setting up your tank and gathering everything that we mentioned above, we can now proceed on giving you the basic but very important notes on how to take care of your Betta fish. Take a look at our list below:

1. The Betta fish is also known as the Siamese Fighting Fish for a reason.

The male Bettas are aggressive if housed in the same tank. Saying that they don’t get along well is an understatement. They will attack each other to the point of causing injury or even death. Our advice, never place two male Bettas in the same tank. Not even placing a transparent partition in your tank to separate two male Bettas can help. It will only induce stress to the Bettas.

2. Feed your Betta fish regularly, but be careful not to overfeed it.

Overfeeding can cause constipation. If your Betta looks swollen and their eyes are bulging, this means that you need to hold back on the fish food. Live food help in restoring your Betta’s health after being constipated. Fasting your Betta fish for a day after suffering from being overfed is not bad at all since it helps keep your Betta healthy.

3. Always check the water conditions of your Betta’s aquarium.

Maintain the proper water temperature and keep the water calm and still. If you have a tank filter installed, replace 30% of the water every week and clean your tank’s decorations. But if you don’t have a tank filter, regularly clean the tank and replace the water. Remember, the keyword here is ''clean tank'' for your magnificent Betta.

4. Be conscious about the indicators of a healthy and thriving Betta fish.

Their scales should be smooth, bright and clear. Their fins should be in good condition, which means that you should not be seeing tears or holes on them. Your Betta should also move around its tank freely and cheerfully.

Taking care of a Betta fish properly can be overwhelming at first. But once you get the hang of it, it all becomes worthwhile and rewarding. We wish you luck in raising your very own Betta fish! Always remember, a healthy Betta is a happy Betta.

The Most Beautiful Betta Fish In The World

Bettas are very popular tropical fish. The long flowing fins of the males make them particularly attractive to aquarium owners. There are many different varieties of betta fish that in some cases have very dramatic physical characteristics. Through selective breeding, incredible colors combinations have been created. These same techniques have seen breeders concentrating on the fins and tails develop a wide array of strikingly beautiful varieties. I would like to show you a collection of these fish that I consider to be among the most beautiful betta fish in the world.

1. Royal Blue Half-Moon Betta

This is a gorgeous example of the half-moon betta, named for the shape formed by their fins and tail. I find this combination of colors perfectly highlight the half-moon feature.

2. Red Rosetail

Betta Here is a slightly different mutation of the half-moon tail type . Their color and full, flowing lines make it seem to shimmer in the water. Here again we see the color used to great effect to highlight the distinctive fins.

3. Black Orchid Crowntail Betta

This type of fish makes the list for their blend of simplicity and complexity. The crowntail variety is another class of the species genetic mutations. In this example the simple black color in stark contrast to the intricate tail and fins make this type of fish irresistible to the eye.

4. Crowntail Betta

Here is another crowntail betta. In this case the magnificent colors augment the amazingly intricate fins. I find the way the fins transition from blue to red to be particularly striking. Simply another beautiful fish brought into existence by a diligent breeder.

5. Veil Tail Betta

The vail tail betta is the variety most often found for sale in pet stores. Their name comes from their flowing, veil-like fins. Though perhaps not as breathtaking as some other varieties of betta, they are nevertheless beautiful. Color mutations have made these fish available in a vast array of shades. Here are two that I consider to be among the best of the veil tails. It's all about the color!

6. The Double-tailed Betta

As their name indicates, the double-tailed betta has been selectively bred to have two tails. In some cases this feature is combined with some of the more exotic types of fins to create truly amazing fish. This photo highlights the double-tail of this very pretty fish.

7. Combtail Betta

Combtail bettas are the result of breeding crowntail bettas with other varieties such as vail tails. Their tails are usually not as long and flowing as the crowntails, but are still very distinctive in their own right. Here is a nice example of a comb tail with very nice golden red coloring.

8. White Crowntail Betta

Here is another beautiful crowntail betta, this time in white. This type of fish would look beautiful in an aquarium with dark decor where their color would be amplified.

9. Multi-Colored Half-Moon Betta

Last but certainly not least, this may be the most beautiful betta that I have ever seen. Their truly remarkable colors and perfectly formed tail and fins put it on the top of my list. This fish almost appears too delicate to actually exist. See for yourself.

Beautiful Betta Fish

I hope you enjoyed these images of some of the most beautiful betta fish in the world. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder so I encourage you to further explore the world of bettas. I find the incredible diversity of these fish to be fascinating and am constantly amazed at the new varieties available. These fish are also reasonably easy to care for so you can indeed own one of these beauties yourself. Importantly, only one male betta can be kept in a tank to avoid violence between them, so choose wisely. I welcome any comments on this list and if you liked it please share it with your friends, whether they are aquarists or just appreciate the inherent beauty of living thing.

What Are The 5 Best Plants For Betta Fish?

Also known as Siamese Fighting Fish, betta fish (Betta splendens) are some of the most brightly colored freshwater fish in the aquarium industry. These lovely fish are only a few inches long in body but their gorgeous, flowing fins often make them appear much larger. As tempting as it might be to keep a tank full of these fish, bettas are best kept by themselves because males of the species tend to be pretty aggressive and they will fight if kept in a tank with another betta.

Just because you can only keep one betta fish per tank doesn’t mean you can’t make that tank something to be proud of. Choose a tank large enough that your betta can swim freely and be sure to include room for decorations. In addition to novelty decorations and natural décor items, you should think about adding a plant or two to your betta tank. Which plants should you choose? Keep reading to learn about our top 5 picks!

Why Do Betta Fish Need Aquarium Plants?

When it comes to betta fish care, the same basic rules apply as for most freshwater fish. These fish require a tank large enough that they have room to swim which usually means a minimum of two gallons, though bigger is better. In addition to the tank itself, you’ll need to equip your betta tank with a heater to keep the water within the proper range (about 72°F to 78°F) as well as an aquarium filter to keep the water clean. You might also want to outfit your tank with an LED light to show your betta fish’s bright colors off.

Once you have met your betta’s minimum requirements for tank size and tank equipment, you should think about adding a plant or two. Aquarium plants don’t just add to the aesthetics of a betta tank, they also help to keep the tank water clean and oxygenated so your betta remains healthy. You shouldn’t have to worry about buying a special lighting system for just one or two small plants, especially if your tank is exposed to ambient light. You should, however, take care to choose the right kind of plant for your betta tank – keep reading to learn more.

The 5 Best Plants For Betta Fish

When choosing an aquarium plant for your betta tank, there are a few requirements to keep in mind. First and foremost, choose a plant that doesn’t grow too large – you don’t want it to fill your entire tank and crowd your betta. Next, think about how much lighting you have for your tank – aquarium plants are photosynthetic organisms so they need light to grow. Finally, choose a hardy plant that is easy to maintain so you don’t have to worry about fertilization or other maintenance tasks. To help you decide which plant to choose for your betta tank, here are our five favorite options:

Anubias

One of the easiest aquarium plants to grow, anubias is a great option for your betta tank. Anubias comes in a variety of different species and it doesn’t have high requirements for light. If you choose anubias for your betta tank, select a species that remains fairly short and keep it trimmed back if it starts to grow too large. You can tether this plant to one of your décor items but it shouldn’t be rooted.

Java Moss

If you want a low-maintenance plant for your betta fish tank, java moss is an excellent option. This plant has a lovely flowing appearance and a bright green color that will look quite striking against the bright color of your betta fish. One thing to keep in mind with this species is that java moss tends to prefer cooler temperatures but they usually do okay in betta tanks anyway.

Anacharis

If you’re looking for a hardy plant that grows quickly, anacharis is a great option. This is a stem plant that can be rooted or left as a floating plant, depending on your preference. If you choose to plant this species, you might want to tie it down because it takes some time for the roots to develop. If your anacharis starts to grow too quickly, just pinch off the upper growth and allow it to fill out instead.

Java Fern

Another aquarium plant that is very easy to grow is java fern. This plant produces long, narrow leaves that grow to a point. These plants do not require a lot of bright lighting or attention and they can be propagated simply by plucking one of the leaves and letting it grow into an entirely new plant. You can bury the roots of this plant in your gravel or substrate but be careful not to bury the rhizome – the green stem that the leaves grow from – because it could kill the plant.

Duckweed

Have you ever seen an outdoor pond covered in a layer of green? That layer of green consists of myriad tiny leaves called duckweed. Duckweed is a floating plant so you don’t need to worry about lining your tank with plant substrate – all you need to do is give the duckweed a little bit of light and it will be fine.

One thing to be aware of with duckweed is that it tends to grow very quickly – this can be a good thing and a bad thing. The good part is that your betta fish might enjoy eating the duckweed as a snack. The bad thing is that it could filter out too much light. If you choose to use duckweed in your betta tank, remove some of it once in a while to keep it from growing too thick on the surface of your tank. Read our guide to grow duckweed here.

These are just five of the top choices in aquarium plants for betta fish, though there are many more out there. If you don’t like any of the choices above, simply look for a hardy plant that has low light requirements and that doesn’t grow too quickly.

Conclusion

Did you enjoy this tutorial for choosing aquarium plants for betta fish? It is my hope that after reading this guide will be eager to give your betta tank a facelift by adding a fresh green plant. Like and share this article with your friends and leave us some comments about your experience with betta fish as well as your favorite aquarium plants. Thanks for reading!