How Often To Feed Goldfish

Many people think of goldfish as a low-maintenance pet. While it may be true that caring for goldfish isn’t exactly difficult, there are some Do’s and Don’ts you need to follow. In addition to providing your goldfish with a large enough tank and the right equipment, you also have to know how to feed him properly.

Choosing the right kind of food for your gold fish is important, but just as important is the amount you feed him. Many aquarium hobbyists make the mistake of overfeeding their goldfish and that is a recipe for disaster. If you want to avoid making the same mistake, keep reading to learn what and how much to feed your goldfish. You’ll also receive tips for keeping your goldfish tank clean.

What Should You Feed Your Goldfish?

Goldfish are omnivorous which means that they will eat plant foods as well as meaty foods. This also means that you need to include a variety of different foods in your goldfish’s diet. Your goldfish will eat goldfish flakes or pellets as well as live, frozen, and freeze-dried foods like bloodworms, tubifex worms, and brine shrimp. They may also eat small feeder fish or small crustaceans.

The best thing you can do for your goldfish is to choose a high-quality pellet or flake food formulated especially for goldfish. This product will form your goldfish’s staple diet and then you can offer him fresh, frozen, and freeze-dried foods as occasional treats. Just be careful not to feed your goldfish too many rich or fatty foods at once because it could cause digestive issues.

In addition to feeding your goldfish a high-quality staple diet, you should also offer some fresh vegetables like lettuce or frozen vegetables like peas or zucchini. You can also offer your goldfish boiled broccoli or potatoes. Some aquarium hobbyists even grow duckweed in their goldfish tanks to give their fish something to munch on.

When it comes to feeding your goldfish, variety is important. In the same way that you would get bored eating the same thing every day, so do your goldfish. Variety is also important to ensure that your goldfish get the right balance of nutrients. It is fine to choose a high-quality pellet or flake food as your goldfish’s staple diet but don’t forget to supplement with fresh, freeze-dried, and frozen foods.

If you need help choosing a high-quality staple diet for your goldfish, try these Omega One Goldfish Pellets.

How Much To Feed Your Goldfish

You should feed your goldfish as much as they will eat, right? Maybe not. Many aquarium hobbyists make the mistake of feeding their goldfish too much, assuming that they’ll eat all of the food eventually. The problem is that when you give your fish too much food at one time, they can’t eat it all before it starts to sink and, once it does, your fish may never get to it.

The best rule of thumb to follow in feeding aquarium fish is to only offer them as much as they can eat in about 4 to 5 minutes – per day. The number of times you feed your goldfish each day doesn’t really matter as long as you stick to this simple rule. Most aquarium hobbyists find that two or three small feedings per day is adequate for gold fish.

Something else you should know about goldfish is that they tend to beg – they are like a dog in this respect! You shouldn’t be surprised if your goldfish start to gather at the top of the tank when they see you coming because they expect you to feed them. Don’t give in to this temptation!

Goldfish have fairly delicate digestive systems so they can’t really process a lot of food at once. These fish are particularly sensitive to fatty foods as well, so try to limit the amount of fatty live foods you offer your goldfish. If you want to give your goldfish something to snack on, offer them some fresh leafy greens to nibble on throughout the day.

If you are planning to leave town for a few days, don’t feel like you have to give your goldfish extra food in preparation for your absence. It can actually be good for your goldfish to go a few days without eating! As long as the water quality in your tank remains high, your goldfish can actually go for quite a while without food before they experience any negative effects.

A Word About Water Quality

Goldfish are notoriously dirty fish – they just produce a lot of waste. The more you feed your goldfish, the more waste they are going to produce and that can lead to problems with water quality. As your goldfish eat and excrete waste, their waste (along with any uneaten fish food) falls to the bottom of the tank where it accumulates and starts to break down.

As the debris at the bottom of your tank breaks down in what is known as the nitrogen cycle, the beneficial bacteria in your tank water produce ammonia as a byproduct. Ammonia is toxic to aquarium fish and even a small concentration of this toxin can be dangerous. Fortunately, those same beneficial bacteria help to convert ammonia into nitrites and then into nitrates, a less harmful substance.

Although nitrates are a little less harmful for your goldfish, you still want to keep the concentration as low as possible. The best way to do this is to perform frequent water changes, removing about 25% of the water volume in your tank and replacing it with fresh, dechlorinated water. The only way to rid your tank of nitrates is to physically remove it, so plan to do at least one water change per week.

To learn more about the aquarium nitrogen cycle, check out this video.

Conclusion

Did you enjoy this article? No matter what kind of fish you choose to keep, it is important that you learn everything you can about their dietary needs. What you feed your goldfish is just as important as how much you feed them – even a little bit of overfeeding can be dangerous.

Now that you know how to care for your goldfish properly, we hope you’ll leave comments about your experience below! We also encourage you to share this article with friends, especially if they are fellow aquarium hobbyists! Thanks for reading!

How Fast Do Goldfish Grow?

Have you ever seen a giant carp - one of those large, orange-and-white fish that are typically kept in ponds? These fish are often mistaken for goldfish and, while though they are related, goldfish are a different species. Because they belong to the same family as carp, however, goldfish have the potential to grow fairly large.

Just how large do goldfish get, and how long does it take them to reach their maximum size? The size your goldfish attain and the speed with which they achieve that size depends on several factors. Keep reading to learn more about how big you can expect you goldfish to get and how to help them achieve their maximum potential for size.

How Big Do Goldfish Get?

Have you ever heard someone say that goldfish only grow as large as their environment? If so, did you believe them? This is one of the most common myths out there about goldfish and it is completely false. A goldfish’s growth is not determined by the size of his tank, though it may be a factor in determining his health and longevity.

If you keep your goldfish in a tank that is too small, he will probably die before he grows to his maximum size. The maximum size a goldfish will achieve depends on the species of goldfish. Most of the goldfish that are sold as pets grow to about 10 inches in length. Goldfish sold for use in outdoor ponds may get a little bigger, closer to 18 inches in length.

The size your goldfish attains will depend on the conditions in which he is kept along with the quality of his diet. Like any animal, goldfish need a high-quality, varied diet in order to thrive. If the food you offer your goldfish doesn’t meet his nutritional needs, he may exhibit stunted growth or he might die of nutritional deficiencies. Either way, he won’t meet his maximum potential for size.

How Fast Do Goldfish Grow?

The rate at which your goldfish grows will depend on several factors and the size of his tank does come into play here. If you keep your goldfish in a small tank and you limit his feeding, he will grow fairly slowly and may not grow to more than 3 or 4 inches before he succumbs to poor health and dies. In a small tank, toxins like ammonia and nitrates could stunt your goldfish’s growth.

If you keep your goldfish in a large tank with high water quality, he may grow very quickly. In addition to the size of his tank, other factors will impact your goldfish’s growth rate – things like diet, water chemistry, and water temperature. To encourage your goldfish to grow quickly, you should make sure to meet the following requirements:

  • Keep your goldfish in a tank as large as you have space for – 20 gallons is a good minimum.
  • Feed your goldfish a high-quality staple diet of goldfish pellets and supplement occasionally with fresh, frozen, or freeze-dried foods.
  • Perform regular water changes to keep the water in your goldfish tank clean.
  • Limit the number of fish in your goldfish tank to ensure that your goldfish has space to swim and room to grow.
  • Keep the water temperature in your goldfish tank fairly warm – if the water gets too cold your goldfish may partially hibernate and that could slow their growth.

For some helpful tips on helping your goldfish grow to their maximum size, try this video.

Tips For Keeping Your Goldfish Healthy

If you want your goldfish to live long and grow big, you need to understand the basics of goldfish care and meet your fish’s requirements. Goldfish are fairly low-maintenance fish, but that doesn’t mean you can neglect them. Like any aquarium fish, goldfish need to be kept in a large tank with high water quality – they also need to be fed a healthy diet.

The ideal tank setup for a goldfish starts with a tank at least 20 gallons in capacity and the tank itself should be longer than it is tall to make sure your goldfish have room to swim. Line the bottom of the tank with gravel substrate and decorate sparingly with smooth rocks or driftwood. You can also incorporate some aquarium plants for color, but be mindful that goldfish tend to eat live plants – you may want to stick with artificial plants.

Goldfish do not have any specific needs for tank lighting, but you should keep the tank temperature somewhere in the 65°F to 72°F range because they are cold-water fish. Make sure your tank is outfitted with a strong filtration system because goldfish tend to produce a lot of waste. Without adequate filtration, your goldfish tank could suffer a build-up of ammonia and nitrate, toxins which could stunt your goldfish’s growth or kill them outright.

When it comes to maintaining your goldfish tank, plan to perform a weekly water change of about 25% the tank volume. Use a gravel vacuum to siphon water and accumulated debris from the bottom of the tank then replace it with fresh, dechlorinated water. You may also want to perform a larger 50% water change once a month and don’t forget to clean and maintain your tank equipment as well.

When you meet your goldfish’s care requirements, he could live for 10 to 15 years, or more! If you want to learn more about keeping your goldfish healthy, try this video.

Conclusion

Did you enjoy this article about how fast goldfish grow? Like any animal, the rate at which your goldfish grow will depend on the quality of their diet – the cleanliness of their tank will also play a role. If you feed your goldfish a high-quality diet and keep their tank clean, they should grow fairly quickly.

Like and share this article with your friends and leave us some comments about your experience with goldfish. Good luck with your goldfish and thanks for reading!

What’s The Best Automatic Fish Feeder For You: Top 5 Reviews

An interesting myth has been previously arguing that a fish’s memory lasts for only 30 seconds. This statement can be contradicted, but it is not possible to disagree with the fact that people often forget. It is not surprising to know that while planning for a long picnic outing, you forget to arrange for feed for your fish, when you will be away.

Do not be surprised when you find that one of your favorite species jumped from the pond in search of food. In order to ensure that you are safe from such a nightmare, make sure that you have an automatic fish feeder that can serve food to your fish in perfect times and in exact quantities.

We all know that you are not alone. You have friends, neighbors, and maybe in-laws who could help. But, wait, people are busy, the way you are, and they might have other tasks as well. However, having an automatic feeder is an assurance that your fish will be fed at the scheduled intervals.

Things To Consider When Buying An Auto Fish Feeder

Having made up your mind to purchase this important device, do not just buy it without considering a few qualities as follows:

Size

This is a gadget that can crush your aquarium with much ease. Therefore, make sure that you select the correct size. However, if you are in pursuit of a feeder that will fita large pond that has many fishes, it is advisable to buy one that has a large container. Avoid feeders that are fitted with minute compartments as such would not be easy to fill.

Quantity And Time Controller

It is advisable to feed the fishes many times as opposed to feeding them with a lot of food at a go. They cannot just digest. It is, therefore, necessary to buy a feeder whose timer is reliable and accurate, which makes it easy to have a clear and precise program for every feeding time.

Having an auto feeder is super easy due to the setting of quantity – After all only a small amount of food is to be fed. Choose the feeder that releases consistent-size feeds . Make sure that you read through the directions of usage until you acquire them . Every feeder must come with a simple guide.

Ventilation System

Most of the busy farmers who do not have automatic feeders live under constant fear of finding dead fish in the evening. However, if the feeder that you have installed has a ventilation system and a fan, you can rest assured that the fish feed is secure.

The aeration of the chambers is to ensure that the food does not rot. It is, therefore, critical to check a feeder’s ability to manage moisture as this is one of the salient features that people have to consider before buying a feeder. Choose a feeder whose price and dependability correspond.

Battery Indicator

You buy a feeder to act as your substitution in feeding the fish. However, imagine a scenario whereby your fish are not fed even after you procure a feeder. You would not be amused, right? You could even lose your fish to eventual fatality. In order to ensure that such dreadful incidences do not happen to you, buy a feeder whose battery life is long.

To get the ultimate help that you covet, make sure that the feeder you buy has an indicator that shows the battery life. An indicator that has LCD display or LED lights is easy to read. Other features that would be of help in an indicator are integrated clock and an alarm bell. Such would be very helpful in helping to effectively manage the fish feeder.

Benefits Of An Automatic Fish Feeder

Fish Are Fed Even When You Are On Vacation

Do you need to rest or to go on vacation? Is it a weekend and you are wondering whether to go for camping or not? Never mind. You do not have to ask for the help of your neighbor or relative. Go online and look out for high-quality fish feeders.

Once you have procured the best that the market has to offer, you can rest assured that your fish will be catered for even in your absence. Only ensure that you buy the best feeder.

Safe Portions For The Good Health Of Your Fish

Your fish cannot be overfed neither can they be underfed if you have the right feeder in place. Many people do not know that fish should not eat anytime they deem fit. It is a health hazard for them to be overfed, but most importantly, it is not safe for the fish to have the excess food that is left to decay at the basement of the pond after it ceases to float.

Such problems can be solved by procuring an electric dispenser that has the ability to feed your fish with the correct quantity of food and at the correct time. You could also make use of the feeders if your fish has diabetes. Moreover, the automatic feeder makes it possible to stop excess food wastage.

Convenience

Is your life so busy? Every other person has a busy schedule, and it is not possible to manually feed your fish every other time. You could be having a long working day, or you are rarely at home. Purchase an automatic fish feeder and you will enjoy the great convenience that it brings to you.

The automatic fish feeders work well for real hobbyists and people who love living large. It is a cool addition in your home as it helps erase the bureaucracy of fish feeding and eases things up while you step away from the home.

5 Best Automatic Fish Feeder Reviews

Eheim Battery Operated Auto Fish Feeder

Eheim Battery Operated Auto Fish Feeder

This is a machine that allows you to customize the quantity and time of feeding your fish entirely. It has a special design that makes it possible to accurately program the feeding portions to be given to the fish. It has a robust structure that includes an LCD screen. You can set feeding times to a maximum of 8.It is an easy-to-use machine whose set -up is easy and its efficiency cannot be doubted. You will love its ease of connection to the tank.

Most of the tanks, if not all, have plastic brackets and the universal installation clamp of this feeder makes it easy to connect to tanks. You will love the sliding door that makes it easy for you to choose how wide you want the door to open.

The wide opening is for feeding newts, turtles, and Roi among others while the half-open door is perfect for feeding fish. The big drum which is transparent makes it easy for you to monitor every happening. You can, therefore, take weeks before feeding your fish since there will be adequate food. The machine has an inbuilt fan which means that you do not need an air pump.

PROS

  • It has a 3-year warranty.
  • The manual release button makes it possible to feed your fish at other times other than the programmed times.
  • It is suitable to both fresh and marine water fishe. 
  • It can work in aquariums and terrariums.
  • The food won’t go damp because of the ventilation system.

CONS

  • The large hole is not fit for red tiny fish.
  • No off button.

Rusee Daily 6 Times Automatic Fish Feeder Aquarium Tank Feeders

Rusee Daily 6 Times Automatic Fish Feeder Aquarium Tank Feeders

You can depend on the Rusee Daily 6 Times Automatic Fish Feederas it is highly reliable and proves to be an ideal fish feeder. It is an automatic feeder that can be set to on auto mode which enables to release food to your pets on your behalf. 

This unique shaped feeder is flexible enough to be fixed on any type of fish tank.

You can pre-set the feeder on auto-feeding mode for at least 6 times per day along while you are busy in other chores. In addition to this, you can determine the quantity of the feed served to fish, turtles, newts and frogs. This is highly dependent on the diet of the pets.

PROS

  • Easy to use time dials that can be manipulated as per your convenience.
  • The feeder can be mounted anywhere on the aquarium or fish tray taking very less space.
  • The automatic mode lets you control the amount of food dispensed.

CONS

  • The product is made of a cheap material.
  • The clamp provided that helps in mounting the feeder is not assembled properly.

P7000 Pond Fish Feeder

P7000 Pond Fish Feeder

Purchase the iconic P7000 Pond Fish Feeder and free yourself from the day to day feeding of fish. It is a weather resistant model that ensures the perfect feeding of your fish on time and in accurate quantities. It is built with such great precision that it has the ability to dispense a minimum of 3 teaspoons and more.

You can program it in any way you like, giving you the freedom of going on vacation. The feeder can feed your fish for up to three times each day at adjustable food portions. The snap lock lid keeps the feed dry and maintains the freshness of the pellets.

You can power it through the use of 4 C batteries (which you buy separately), and once the batteries are new and fully charged, the machine can last for a period of 7 to 10 months. It is easy to clean since you can even apply a dishwasher.

PROS

  • The components can be cleaned easily.
  • The Large LED screen makes it easy to read.
  • Manual feeding is possible if you need to increase the frequency of feeding

CONS

  • It is a little hard to fill. You should hang at the center of the pond.
  • It needs regular readjustment for proper quantity and feeding time

Fish Mate F14 Aquarium Fish Feeder

Fish Mate F14 Aquarium Fish Feeder

Your fish will continually grow for two weeks in your absence. The time is easy to program and can feed your fish for up to four times each day. The food portions are consistently equal which means that your fish will not be overfed. The feeder can offer 14 varying meals at different tastes.

You are at liberty to mix pellets and flakes or sticks and granulates and place them on the small slots of the feeder. The feeder has gained popularity over time due to its adaptable design and aesthetic features. You can attach it on 150-litres ponds.

However, you need to ensure that the fish feed is kept dry since the machine’s moisture deterrence technology is not there. You do this by having a separate air pump. It blows dry air across the fish feed hence removing moisture. It is recommendable to feed your fish on a pelleted type of food other than flakes.

PROS

  • Offers 14 meals without any interruption.
  • A single slot can dispense more than one type of food.
  • You know when to charge the battery through the battery indicator.
  • It feeds your fish on up to 4 meals per day other than one full meal.

CONS

  • It drops food slowly for almost an hour.
  • Any object placed on top of it could make it hang up.

IntelliFeed Fish Feeder

IntelliFeed Fish Feeder

If you have many fish to feed or large fish (goldfish), then the IntelliFeed Automatic fish feeder fits the bill. It’s programmed to feed fish two times a day, and you can dispense 12 feedings each day. 12 feedings a day are almost equal to ¾ of a cup and that’s a good amount to feed your fish. It keeps the moisture out which helps in keeping the food dry.

For an average of 5 to 8 feeds per day, the power can work up to 3 weeks on a stretch and that is good enough time. The batteries are reliable and therefore you can travel; go out of station for meetings without worrying a power failure. It also comes with a power adapter. It stands on a hood and therefore, you can make adjustments and set it the way you want.

PROS

  • The number of feedings it can manage in a day is an impressive 12.
  • It does not let the food get damp. Closes after dispensing the fish food.
  • Has a stand hood which helps in placing the way you want.
  • Good battery back-up and power option.

CONS

  • It is expensive compared to others.
  • Lot of moving parts so might break down after use for some time

The Final Verdict

Make sure that your fish remain healthy for long. You avoid the painful and repetitive task of feeding your fish if you own any of these automatic fish feeders. Regardless of your location, you are always at ease since the automatic feeders will do the job for you. Grab any vacation opportunity that comes your way!

If you are looking for a competent machine with all-around performance then Eheim Battery Operated Auto Fish feeder is the best choice out of all. You cannot go wrong with it. It has very accurate programming and has a good ventilation system to keep the food dry. If you are looking for consistent feeds being dispensed and at a good volume of food storage then IntelliFeed Fish Feeder is a good choice. It has a good battery backup and a handy power adapter too.

Note: Please share your reviews with us and let us know which feeder did you like the most.

How To Breed Guppies Separately In 10 Easy Steps

The guppy, also known as the rainbow or million-fish, is quite easy to breed. Guppies have cute faces, beautiful colors,, and they are also easy to take care of. Several varieties of guppy are produced by selective breeding.

This breeding process is more typically distinguishable with different colors, patterns, sizes and shapes of fins. These characteristics make guppies attractive to most aquarium enthusiasts.

Female guppies give birth to live fry (baby guppies) not eggs, unlike other fish species. Male guppies are much smaller but are more colorful and have ornamental caudal and dorsal fins. Female guppies have usually dull color and are bigger than males.

In this article, we will teach you how to breed guppies separately from their parents. You can also learn how to grow your stock while enjoying a very exciting hobby.

What You Will Need

  • Breeding tank.
  • Regular fish tank.
  • Heater.
  • Filter.
  • Thermometer.
  • Guppy fish food.
  • 1 Male and 3 female guppies.
  • Plants (java moss or spawning mops).
  • pH meter.

Step By Step Instructions

1. Select Your Guppy Breed

Select the best breed of guppies from your favorite pet store. If you already have a male or female one in your care, choose the perfect partner for him with the brightest color, the shape of the tail (round, triangular or fantail shapes), and the perfect fin shape.

Normally, male guppy is partnered with more than two guppy females for breeding. Giving the male guppy with one mate easily makes him becomes more aggressive towards his partner, which will make the female more stressed and tired.

A ratio of 1 to 3 is ideal as the male’s attention will be split into the 3 females that will allow a more relaxed breeding for the female guppies.

2. Pick A Breeding Tank

Select a breeding tank with 10-20 gallon capacity. Install the heater and a gentle filter. too strong filter may suck the fry and killed them. If you have a strong filter, you may cover the opening of the filter with sheer tights.

The tights will permit the water to pass through the filter without harming the fry. Or you can use a sponge filter.

3. Setting Up The Tank

After putting up the filter and the heater, prepare the tank’s ornaments, in this case, live plants will suffice. Do not put substrate underneath the tank because a bare bottom tank is ideal for the fry. The tank can be cleaned easily and you can readily monitor how many baby guppies are alive and their eating habits.

You can put some spawning mops or java moss into the tank. They are good hiding places for the fry. 

4. Condition The Tank

Adjust the breeding tank’s temperature to around 77-79F (25 to 26.11C) before you put the male and female guppies into the tank. Ideal water pH level for the breeding guppies is 7-8.

Also prepare nutritional foods for the fish to enhance healthy breeding. The Sera Guppy Fish Food Bit Basic by SERA, from Amazon is a good choice.

5. Put The Guppies In The Breeding Tank

When all is set, you can now put your guppies into the breeding tank. Wait for the moment when the females become pregnant. You can easily know if the guppies are already pregnant when you notice a dark spot on their abdomen, called gravid spot.

Separate the male guppies and put it on your regular tank before the fry are born. As the birth nears, you will notice that the gravid spot on the female guppies is becoming darker and darker.

6. Be Prepared When Your Fish Is Going To Give Birth

The usual pregnancy period for guppies is 26 to 31 days. Immediately after birth, remove the female guppies from the breeding tank, as some guppies are known cannibals which devour their young.

7. Maintain A Clean Tank

Once the fry is born, they can survive on their own. At this time, you must maintain a water temperature of 78F (25.5C) to keep them cool enough until they are fully grown.

Clean the tank more often, may be twice a week, or when it becomes cloudy. Replace only 40% of the water to keep them adapted to the water inside the tank.

8. Feeding The Fry

Baby guppies should be fed twice a day. They thrive on newly hatched brine shrimp, vegetable flake, standard flakes, powdered flakes and micro-worms,.

Veteran aquarists prefer the nutritious guppy fry fish food Hikari First Bites from Hikari, available in Amazon. This fish food heightens the growth potential of your baby guppies.

9. Keeping The Fry Healthy

To keep your fry healthy and happy, remove the one that dies. This normally happens. But if you notice that an abnormal death count occurs, change the water immediately and switch to another type of food.

Dead fry is easy to spot, they float on the surface of the water . You can easily scoop the dead fry.

10. Transfer The Fry To A Regular Tank

When the fry is old enough (usually 1 1/2 to 2 months old) and are ready to take care of themselves, you can put them in a regular tank. But don’t put them together with aggressive fish.

Enjoy These Interesting Tips

  • Color patterns: You can choose different color patterns as your mother and father guppies. There are color patterns such as blue, albino (light colors), wild (gray or olive), and blonde (pigmented light colors).
  • Shape of tail: Choose between a sword-like shape and rounded back fin on the shape of the tail. Also, the most popular tail shapes are the delta (triangular), round tail, and the fantail.
  • You can use as a breeding tank the more practical Guppy Molly Viviparous Fish Internal In-tank Breeder/ Breeding Box (by AQUARIUM), for a minimal price from Amazon.
  • After birth, female guppies are capable of producing another brood of fry without sex after an average of 30 days.
  • Guppies need an average of 12 hours of lighting every day.
  • If you are serious enough to care for guppies, you can make this hobby a worthwhile business. You can sell these fish easily as you grow your stock.

Conclusion

Did you enjoy this tutorial? Breeding guppies is a lot easier than any other fish species. This could also become a more enjoyable hobby and a good source of income for a sustainable breeding. Send us your comments and please share this article with others who want to further their hobby in a sustainable way.

What Are Algae And How They Grow In A Tank (Does Your Fish Needs Algae?)

Algae are groups of aquatic life forms that have the ability to perform photosynthesis. We know some varieties of algae, especially those thriving in a fish tank. Some types of algae are beneficial to the fish, but most are detrimental to their existence while in captivity.

To give you an idea of what algae are, common seaweed is a kind of algae. So are pond scum and giant kelp, they are all examples of algae. In this article, we will introduce you what algae are and how they grow in a tank as well as some species of fish eating algae.

What Are The Types Of Algae?

There are various species of algae commonly found in fish tanks. Here are some of the types of freshwater algae and their characteristics:

5 Algae Species Commonly Found In Aquariums

Brush Or Beard Algae

These algae form a short and hairy tufts that almost always grow near a light source. This type of algae is slippery, but soft and is hard to be removed by mechanical means.

Green Spot Algae

This variety prefers an abundance of light. They also thrive in a fish tank with low phosphate and high carbon dioxide level. To minimize the growth of these algae on an aquarium is easy: don’t overfeed your fish and avoid stocking food on the water.

Brown Algae (Diatoms)

Diatoms will more likely to grow in low-light fish tanks. They thrive in which nitrogen level is low while phosphate level is high. These algae also thrive from the nutrients from substrates and the decorations.

Cladophora Algae

This type of algae is not slimy and forms a moss-like creature. It branches out and appears as green filamentous algae. They grow unusually in other plant species and also quickly multiplies in rocks and driftwood. The Cladophora algae are easy to be removed because they stay only in one spot in the tank.

Soft (green) Slime Algae

The green slime algae are the favorite of most algae-eating fish. Hobbyists seldom see these algae because they are easily eaten by fish.

Why Do Algae Grow In Fish Tanks?

Algal growth is a natural process in the environment including water, light, nutrients, and carbon dioxide. Certain types of algae grow naturally in lakes, ponds, oceans, and rivers. It is a gift of nature that humans learn to appreciate.

An aquarium is not immune to this phenomena. Algae grow inside a fish tank simply because of the abundance of what we have stated above. Additionally, the food that is present in a fish tank, such as phosphate and nitrates, trigger the rapid growth of algae.

Role of ammonia in algae growth

Ammonia is produced by decomposing plants, rotting food, and fish wastes. It highly contributes to the formation of nitrite, then into nitrate that becomes food for the algae.

Other food sources of algae inside the tank

The other nutrients that algae need to survive are nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus. These nutrients also come from fish waste, from other dead algae, and from the decay of other plant debris.

Do Algae Change Water Composition?

The water chemistry will surely change once algae thrive inside the tank. The most significant water chemistry changes and their effects are the following:

Negative E ffects

  • Lowers water quality.
  • Water becomes more acidic in low-light.
  • Water becomes more alkaline in high-light.

Positive Effects

  • Lowers carbon dioxide.
  • Adds oxygen.

Minimizing Algae Growth In Tank

If you have algae-eating fish in your tank, the growth of these microorganisms will surely be a big plus for your fish. But if your fish do not like these plants included in their menu, here are some tips to minimize their growth.

  • Minimize sunlight on your tank.
  • Do not overfeed your fish.
  • Change your aquarium water at least once a week. But change only a third of the water so there are still nutrients left for your fish.
  • Remove algae growing in the rocks, glass, and other hard surfaces regularly. Learn more about clean your fish tank here.

Are There Are Fish Which Eat Algae?

Here are some of the fish species that eat algae and are the favorites of some hobbyists:

1. Stone-Lapping Fish

These fish look slightly like a faded flying fox. They have less color in the fins and has a bulkier body. Their favorite is the soft slime algae.

2. Florida Flagfish

These fish feast on brush or beard algae, which are not attractive to other algae-eating fish because of their very fine strands or tufts.

3. Flying Fox

These fish look like a Siamese algae eater but is more colorful. They thrive from soft slime algae.

4. Siamese algae eater

These fish are the most favored pet of most aquarists because of their ability to devour brush or beard algae without a hitch.

Some Tips From The Experts

Did you know that the Chinese algae-eater is the number one aquarium fish sold in the United States? This is partly because they are cheap and eat algae mercilessly. But beware, most of this fish didn’t come from China but from Thailand.

Furthermore, this fish is piscivore, a fish which eats fellow fish as it grows. You can have it as your pet, but do not put it together with smaller fish.

If you don’t like to keep algae-eating fish in your tank, but you want to minimize algae growth, you may want to add some snails into your aquarium. Like, for example

What Is The Cost Of Starting A Freshwater Tank ? Things Needed Explained

Having a fish tank inside your home is a wonderful hobby which will provide you entertainment. It’s also a good way to teach children about ecosystems, and allows you to have an outlet to relieve stress.

The cost of owning a freshwater tank depends on how big you want your tank is. For beginners, we suggest that you start with an average-size fish tank. Learn more about the real cost of starting a freshwater tank here.

Why You Should Start With A Small One?

It is better that you start with small one rather than the big one and regret the cost later. So, while you are still learning the ropes of the “trade”, better to begin with a reasonable amount. Click here to read our best nano aquariums reviews.

What Size Of A Fish Tank Is Ideal For Beginners?

To have a higher rate of success while you are still learning the basics of fish-caring, we propose you start with a 20-gallon capacity tank. This is the common practice for beginners. As you become seasoned, you may increase the size of your fish tank and add more fish later under your care.

Carefully planning is needed before you start this superb hobby. In this article, we will be able to teach you the basics on what is the cost of starting a fresh water tank.

Choose The Kind Of Fish

For starters, choosing the first fish might be a big question mark. Some novice aquarists usually start with a goldfish. This fish is easy to take care of and not really expensive. Goldfish are also not choosy about food, nor are they territorial.

Two goldfish is a good starting point. Goldfish are sociable creatures, they are mostly seen interacting with other fish, your kids will also love these pets. A pair is advisable to provide companionship and enhance activity.

Things You Will Need And Their Price Range

Tank: From $250 To $340

Since bigger is better, an ideal start up for a goldfish tank would be a 20-gallon tank, as we have said earlier. A single goldfish needs about 10 gallons of water. So you need about this tank size for 2 goldfish.

Stand: $80- $90

You can purchase a stand or make your own. The stand should be strong enough to hold the total weight of the tank when fully loaded. Find also a suitable place in your home where space is not limited to this size of a tank.

An ideal stand dimension would have the same length as your prepared fish tank. The height should be suitable so that you can touch the bottom of the tank when cleaning.

Goldfish (2): $35-$40 Each (4”-5” Long)

Goldfish is one of the most affordable aquarium fish. Purchasing 2 at the same time may not hurt your budget. They are also one of the longest life span fish, you can learn alot from taking care of them.

Hood/ Lighting: $35-$40

Night and day lighting is essential for the fish to thrive. Led (our review about best led lights for aquarium here) or fluorescent lighting is recommended. The hood or the cover of the fish tank provides ample protection to avoid the fish from jumping out as they grow.

The cover is also the perfect place to install the light. A good lighting is 1.5 watts of bulb power for every gallon of water in the tank.

Decorations/ Live Plants: $45- $55

The plants provide a hiding place for the fish. They also improve water quality, control algae growth, and supply oxygen to the fish. The plants also decorate the tank to look more attractive and beautiful.

You can also add rocks, bubble wands, airstone, driftwood, and other decorations, which also provide oxygen and add more beauty to the tank.

Air Filtration System: $35-$40

Air filtration system includes activated carbon to filter smell. A good filter also performs biological and mechanical filtration. The best example of this type of filter is the AquaClear Power Filter (by AquaClear) from Amazon.com.

Substrate (Gravel): $10-$15

Choose pea-size gravel as substrate. The fish will not able to swallow this size. Fish are safe with this type of substrate which also provides good filtration compared to smaller size substrates.

Water Conditioner: $8-$9

The water conditioner is used to dechlorinate tap water. You must have a ready dose of this chemical every time you change water from the tank. It is biodegradable and fish-friendly.

Food And Supplements: $10

Goldfish eat earthworms, brine shrimp, pellets, flake foods, freeze-dried foods, and other seafood. You can ask your pet store for other food conducive for this fish.

The Laguna Goldfish and Koi Food Small from Amazon is a brilliant example of fish feeds that can be ordered online. It contains multi-vitamins and minerals the fish need to be healthy.

Thermometer/ Heater: $3-$15

The thermometer is used to monitor the temperature of the water in the fish tank. Fish need the right temperature to thrive. Goldfish prefer water temperature ranging from 68 to 72F.

The heater is utilized when the water temperature goes down. A heater is advisable to be used in cold countries where ambient temperature largely affects the temperature of the water inside the tank.

PH Meter/Test Kit: $7- $9

A pH meter is used to measure the pH level of the water. The Test Kit is primarily used to measure ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate levels.

Medication: $15

Nobody knows when your fish will be sick. You can ask your pet store’s vet for the right medication once you notice something odd about your fish.

Some Unsolicited Advice

  • If you want a complete starter kit, the Coralife Fish Tank LED BioCube Aquarium Starter Kit is a good choice from Amazon. This starter kit includes a hood with LED lighting, built-in filtration system, and other accessories. This product can be easily assembled, even by a beginner.
  • The best bet for a stand is the Aqua Culture De Luxe Aquarium 20/29 from Amazon.

Conclusion

Although prices may slightly vary from our above quotations, the message is very clear. You may need at least $558-$718 to start an aquarium hobby. This amount may be too much for some, but the happiness and the wonderful feeling it would entail is priceless. Also, this is only an initial investment, as we pointed out earlier. Subsequent expenses are surely much lower. You now have an idea on what is the cost of maintaining a freshwater tank. Please write us your comment if you have any question regarding this article.

Top 5 Aquarium Filters For All Kinds Of Aquariums

An aquarium filter is important to any aquariums, unless you want to do the weekly chore of cleaning your tank and replacing the water. It lifts off the weight of manually seeing through the rigorous maintenance of your aquarium, not to mention that it greatly improves its water quality. Most fish tanks require filters to maintain the upkeep and increase the health of the tank’s inhabitants.

This article will help you choose the top 5 aquarium filters with our in-depth review.

Top 5 Aquarium Filters At A Glance

What Is The Purpose Of An Aquarium Filter?

A filter plays a vital role to the aquarium. Its purpose is to clean the water of the aquarium off toxic elements that causes harmful buildup of ammonia and nitrates which may come from different sources. Your fish or other aquarium inhabitants such as turtles constantly excretes wastes as it goes around swimming your tank. Uneaten food, decaying organic matter, plant debris, and other external particles which contribute to the contamination and deterioration of the water quality, can then lead to negative effects on your tank’s occupants. These toxic elements can be removed by an aquarium filter which also aerates the water to help keep the tank’s environment healthy.

What Are The Types Of Filtration?

When choosing an aquarium filter, there are some terms that may come up in your search. Usually, you will hear about biological filtration, mechanical filtration, or chemical filtration. But what are these? There are three types of filtration method that are essential for the maintenance of a healthy aquarium, and these are:

  1. Biological filtration: – In this method of filtration, the nitrogen is managed by bacterial processes. Different types of bacteria convert the toxic chemical contaminants coming from uneaten food, fish excrements, and dead plants inside an aquarium into less toxic nutrients by oxidizing ammonia. These beneficial bacteria live on your aquarium. They can grow into large colonies in foam filter pads, bio-balls, and ceramic rings.
  2. Mechanical filtration – This type of filtration is the process involves the removal from the water of particulate material such as the toxic waste excrements of the aquarium inhabitants and decaying food. This can be done physically by hand or by installing a mechanical filter that forces the water through a media that sifts and traps these harmful particles. If you are using filter media, the maintenance process will require you to regularly replace or clean it.
  3. Chemical filtration – The chemical filtration works by removing toxic chemicals such as dissolved wastes as the water passes through a chemical media. The commonly used chemical filters are activated carbon and foam fractionation. The activated carbon attracts certain chemicals and remove them from the water. Using activated carbon typically requires monthly replacement.

What Are The Different Kinds Of Aquarium Filters?

There are numerous varieties of aquarium filters available to aquarium owners. It is important to note that an aquarium filter should be able to do the three types of filtration, and here are some examples:

  1. Canister filter – The canister filter works by pressurizing the water to enter the filter media inside it through an intake pipe. The return pipe then pumps back the clean water into the tank. This type of filter has a lot of strengths compared to other types of filtration. It offers flexibility and versatility when it comes to using different filter materials. It provides a high volume of filter material. It can be maintained regularly without disturbing the aquarium’s inhabitants.
  2. Power filter – This type of filter that is usually hanged at the back of an aquarium, is powered by an impeller that draws the water from the tank through a tube. It(1) pumps it into a series of different media or cartridge before being pumped back to the tank. Power filters usually require simple maintenance which makes them ideal for those who are just starting with their aquarium hobby.
  3. Internal filter – The internal filter is installed inside the aquarium and includes a sponge filter, a foam cartridge, or an undergravel filter. The filtration process is accomplished through an air pump which moves and releases water inside the filter.
  4. Undergravel filter – Undergravel filters make use of an absorbent plate that is placed underneath the substrate. It has multiple tubes that extend upward. Air stones are placed at the base of the tubes. Water is then drawn through the substrate and up through the tubes.
  5. Wet/dry filter – If you have a saltwater aquarium, then this type of filter is ideal for you. This type of filter is located either beneath the aquarium and uses an overflow device or on top of it which uses a water pump and draws water from a filter material.

Is an aquarium filter really necessary?

In conclusion, aquarium filters are essential. While there are certain types of fish and tanks that don’t require filters provided that water changes are done as often as possible and visible waste materials are physically collected, there are functions of a filter that are indispensable.

You will risk accelerated pollution growth in your tank and health deterioration of its inhabitants. There will always be uneaten food left after feeding your fish, waste excrements will always be released by the tank inhabitants, other debris will come in contact with the water. So, getting an aquarium filter is a time-saving way to maintain the water quality. It can also mean life-saving for your tank inhabitants since aquarium filters manage water movement and the nitrogen cycle efficiently as well as helps in producing clear water that makes you tank visually pleasant to look at.

Top 5 Aquarium Filters: Our Recommendation

Aquarium filters are common in the world of aquarium hobbyists. There are plenty of models and brands to choose from, each offering its own aquarium filter technologies. To help you in choosing the right one, we have narrowed the search down to the 5 top-rated aquarium filters.

Marineland Emperor 400 Pro Series Bio-wheel Power Filter

Marineland Emperor 400 Pro Series Bio-wheel Power Filter

The Marineland Emperor 400 Pro Series Bio-wheel Power Filter operates with an advanced filtration technology. This Hang On Back (HOB) filter features an efficient two-pump design that can hold multiple filter media.

Water goes through multiple filtration stages thanks to this product’s biological and chemical filtration capability. It has a good flow rate of 400gph and it can sustain an aquarium size of up to 80 gallons. Maintenance is also not difficult when it comes to this aquarium filter.

PROS

  • Solid and user friendly design.
  • Filters can be rinsed without replacing them as often.
  • Consistently keeps tank water crystal clear.
  • Easy to clean.
  • Provides full aeration.
  • Runs quietly.

CONS

  • Pump problems with low water levels.

Tetra 25905 Decorative Reptile Filter for Aquariums up to 55 Gallons

Tetra 25905 Decorative Reptile Filter for Aquariums up to 55 Gallons

The ReptoFilter is a unique filter because it not only provide good filtration but also gives your aquarium an added touch of nature with its beautiful design, which your frogs or turtles can play around and relax on .

It is an aquarium filter that doesn’t like one. This decorative filter works in any aquariums with a size of up to 55 gallons. Its features include a three-stage filtration system which uses a filter media that helps in keeping your tank water clear and odor-free. The filtration system operates quietly. It works just like the other filters in this list but its visually appealing design is certainly hard to ignore.

PROS

  • Visually appealing design.
  • Runs quietly.
  • Easy to change filters.
  • Easy to set up.
  • Fully functional filtration system.
  • Made of quality materials.

CONS

  • Difficulty cleaning the internal crevices.
  • Basking area can be steep to climb.
  • Expensive cartridge replacements.

Whisper In-Tank Filter With BioScrubber For Aquariums

Whisper In-Tank Filter With BioScrubber For Aquariums

The Whisper In-Tank Filter is mounted inside the aquarium instead of being hung from the outside. It is held in place by suction cups and brackets. This aquarium filter is ideal for smaller sized aquariums of up to 20 Gallons.

This filter removes wastes in your tank with its 3-stage filtration system. Even if this is an internal filter, it offers the same high-qualify filtration performance as those of external filters. This filter also shows flexibility. It can function even with little water on your tank, making it ideal for your turtles. It has no problem adjusting to your water level.

PROS

  • Cartridges can be replaced easily.
  • Easy to clean.
  • Works well even at low water levels.
  • Runs quietly.
  • Easy to install.

CONS

  • Problems after being disconnected.
  • Problems if hung on the back of the tank.

Marina Power Filter

Marina Power Filter

The Marina Slim S15 Power Filter's compact, slim, and sleek profile is great for those who want to save up aquarium space.

This aquarium filter gives you the option to conveniently adjust and control the water flow level in your tank. Its motor is submerged in the tank ensuring a quiet operation. This filter can be used easily, start-up doesn’t require priming. Installation won’t give you a headache because it is easy to get this thing started. Maintenance is also quick and simple. Another wonderful thing about this product is that it features a technology that optimizes the biological filtration of your tank water.

PROS

  • Multiple compartments for filter media.
  • Runs quietly.
  • Cleans tank well.
  • Adjustable water flow.
  • Easy to set up.
  • Takes less space with slim design.
  • Sponge on intake.

CONS

  • Not enough filter media included.
  • Not enough surface agitation.
  • Lid can be easily knocked off.
  • Slow flow rate.

AquaClear Power Filter - 110 V

AquaClear Power Filter - 110 V

The AquaClear Power Filter introduces a superior, efficient, and powerful refiltration system. It includes good filter media and an energy efficient pump that contributes to lower operating costs. It boasts of a quick and easy installation process. It can filter water volume of up to seven times more than other available aquarium filters.

It comes equipped with high-quality and highly-efficient filter media for a successful biological filtration. This filter model is ideal for aquariums with a size of up to 20 gallons. To cap it off, this product gives its owners a product warranty of 2 years.

PROS

  • Cleans well with its 3 filtration layers.
  • Customizable filter media.
  • Easy to clean.
  • Well-built design.
  • Adjustable water flow.

CONS

  • Makes low grinding and rattling noise.
  • Insufficient and inefficient media included with it.

Aquarium filters perform the important function of cleaning the water of any buildup of toxic elements. Neglecting this can cause deterioration of the water quality and eventually deterioration of the health of the tank’s inhabitants.

We have reviewed the top 5 aquarium filters, after checking their specs, features, design, and functionality, we choose the Marineland Emperor 400 Pro Series Bio-wheel Power Filter as the best among them. This filter comes out as the winner because of its smooth and efficient filtration capacity. It gives you optimal water quality. It’s maintenance process is also hassle-free and simple. How about you, which among these is the best aquarium filter for you?
If you have a turtle tank, and looking for a best filter for it, this article will help.

How To Grow Duckweed And Know The Tricks

Duckweed is easy to grow and a nutritious food for fish. You can actually grow duckweed also indoors in a container or outdoors in a ditch or a small pond. Duckweed prefers still water (stagnant), that is why you do not need any complex aeration system as you do in an aquarium tank. It is also advisable for a freshwater aquarium as it absorbs nitrates. What else? You don’t even have to feed duckweed, it is an aquatic plant that absorbs nourishment from the surrounding air.

This tutorial on how to grow duckweed for your aquarium fish will tackle the activities beginning from its preparation until its harvest. At this time, it is ready to feed your fish. Most aquarists prefer the cultivation of duckweed indoors because it is almost effortless to do, especially for those who haven’t much time because of work and other activities. So, we will teach you the indoor culture of duckweed. We hope that after you have performed religiously our tutorial, you could be able to produce your own fish feed without the hassle and continue doing so to make your fish food bill at its minimum.

What You Will Need To Follow This Tutorial

Duckweed growing is not expensive to do, in fact, it is one of the most reasonable food cultivation for aquarium lovers, budget-wise. And since it is packed with nutrients and protein almost equal to a bit of a worm, your fish will grow healthier in a small amount of time. Most of goldfish, tilapia, koi fish, and other fish variety like to eat duckweed and they really love it! Here are the tools you’ll need to culture one of the most nutritious foods for your pet:

  • Rectangular plastic container (at least 5-in. deep, 18-in. length, 12-in. wide).
  • Soft sponge.
  • Clean cotton cloth.
  • Dechlorinated water (20 liters).
  • Aquatic plant fertilizer (such as PondCare brand).
  • Soda straw.
  • Live duckweed (Lemna Minor brand, available in Amazon.com).
  • pH Meter.
  • Thermometer.
  • Coffee filter.

Step By Step Instructions

After you have gathered the needed tools and equipment, you are now ready to cultivate duckweed as feed for your fish. Duckweed does not require special caring, unlike any other flowering plants. It will also thrive from soft to hard water condition and from low light to high light. In other words, it is definitely easy to grow duckweed, but you should follow these sets of instructions so that you may not commit mistakes for your first try.

Preparation Of Container

  • Prepare and clean the container that you have bought by scrubbing it with a soft sponge in running water to clear it with any dust particle adhering on all its sides.
  • Do not use detergent or soap.
  • Wipe dry all surfaces of the container.

Pouring Of Water

  • Pour dechlorinated warm water into the container. Tap water treated with water conditioner could also be used when you have this on stock (water conditioner).
  • Make sure that the water does not exceed the 3-inch mark on the container. It would have a 20-liter volume if you reach this height of water.

If You Are Using Tap Water

If you used tap water and treated it with water conditioner, add some aquatic plant fertilizer to nourish the plant. It is also advisable to put decaying plants (from your fish tank) to aid nourishment.

Blow Air To The Mixture

  • Get a clean soda straw at least 12-inch long.
  • Using the straw, blow air into the water to aerate the water slowly. Keep repeating every 10 minutes until enough oxygen is inside the water. The surface water needs to be penetrated by oxygen to be brought even to the bottom of the container to give duckweed its needed aeration. You don’t have to use complex aeration system to aerate the water. This would only be during start up and not continues or if the need arises.

Check The PH Level Of The Water

After a few minutes, once the water is settled, check the pH level using a pH meter. Duckweed thrives at a pH level between 6 and 7.5 and temperature between 50 to 90F. Put the container where this temperature is achievable inside the house.

Adding duckweed

After the above conditions are met, you are now ready to add the duckweed into the mixture.

  • Scatter enough amount of the tiny plant at the surface of the water, covering at least 3/4 of the water surface. This will allow natural light and oxygen to enter into the container. Do not cover the container as duckweed needs lots of oxygen.
  • After several minutes, you will notice that the duckweed starts to spread out of the surface of the water and some at the bottom begin to rise on the surface.

Harvesting Duckweed As Fish Food

Duckweed grows at a fast rate. You could harvest from the container 2-4 days after you set it up. These are the following steps to harvest duckweed correctly so that you could have sufficient supply of this tiny plant for your fish:

  • Get a clean coffee filter, then scoop some duckweed from the container.
  • Bring the filtered duckweed into the aquarium then pour its content, occasionally shaking the coffee filter while it is submerged in the fish tank. Make sure that the coffee filter is fully empty before you get another batch. The fish will devour this plant as this is really delicious for them.
  • Continue feeding your fish until they like eating or an amount just enough for their dinner. Stop feeding them with duckweed when you notice a sign that they are full. The duckweed that remains in the container will continue to grow until the water is not sufficient enough to sustain their growth, at this time you can start another cycle.

Conclusion

Did you enjoy this tutorial? You really don’t have to exert much effort in growing duckweed for your fish. Even the waiting time is not too long, your fish will have an instant feed in no time, fresh and nutritious, too! Like and share this article with your friends and loved ones, especially those who are avid fish lovers and give some comments if you really like our useful tutorial we shared with you.

How To Transport Fish Easily And Safely

If you are moving from one location to another and you want to take your aquarium fish with you, there is a safer way that you can do to minimize stress on your fish while maximizing its survival rate. Moving to a new home with your fish is quite challenging. Every aquarium has its own unique ecosystem that will keep your fish happy and healthy.

The aquarium must be empty before transporting because it may break, aside from being heavy, while in transit. A safer way is to transfer the fish to another container (smaller) and then refill it at your new home, while you take the aquarium with you without the water. This article will help you on how to transport fish easily and safely without harming the fish. Consequently, we have 3 basic steps on how to do it, read along.

What You Will Need To Follow This Tutorial

These are the few things that you will need when you go on transporting your fish to another home. Following this tutorial, there is no elaborate tools needed. Just these 3 tools will do, and add some enthusiasm and lots of caution.

Step By Step Instructions

Transporting fish in short distances that will take only less than an hour does not require them to be out of the tank. But for journeys that will take more than an hour, they are supposed to be out of the tank while the tank must be empty. Here are the safest ways to transport fish easily and keep them alive and happy along the way.

Before Moving: Preparing The Aquarium And The Fish

Plan ahead before you move. Do these following activities prior to your move:

  • Replace 20% of the water in your aquarium 5 days before your expected move.
  • Feeding your fish 24 to 48 hours before the actual date of moving is a big no-no, but be sure that the fish are well-fed prior to moving. Don’t be afraid, fish can survive a couple of days without food.

Just an important reminder: In case your journey would last a week or longer, you should contact your pet store and let them make the transport for your fish. Make a signed agreement stating the pet store’s responsibilities on transporting your fish. Other pet stores will transport your fish by air-shipping them to your new home.

On The Day Of Moving: Measures To Take In Protecting Your Fish While Moving

  • Transfer the fish to your prepared fish bags. You can buy these bags from your pet store or any aquarium supplies store like Amazon. Fill a third of a bag and use the water from the tank, so that the chemistry of the water is still intact and other remaining food is present. Don’t forget to allow enough air in the bag to give the fish enough oxygen during the trip.
  • Take also enough plants from the tank and put them inside the bag together with the fish. This will make good bacteria in the bag alive.
  • Empty the tank of water and remove the remaining devices, substrate, decorations and other ornaments. Then clean the tank with scrubbing pad (without soap or detergent). Place these other ornaments in plastic bags filled with water also from the tank to keep the beneficial bacteria that has grown on the decorations. Make sure that the tank is free from any hard objects that may damage it during transit.
  • If your move will take only about a couple of hours, do not clean the filter, just put it in a container (pail or bucket), also filled with water from the tank. For long moves, clean it by using running water and a scrubbing pad. While packing the heater, pump, and other add-on and treat them like you are packing fragile items.
  • It is better to move the tank while it is empty to avoid breaking. Do not either attempt to put any object in the tank while in transit.

Arriving At Your Destination: Setting Up The Tank

It is only proper that you set up the tank as the same way you have done when you first set it up. It is essential for the fish’s survival and their acclimation with their new environment. Follow these simple steps to assure of happy and healthy fish.

  • Return carefully all decorations and ornaments inside the aquarium.
  • Pour the water you have saved prior to your moving.
  • Set up properly (on the same spot) your devices (heaters, pumps, filters).
  • Place the alive plants inside the tank.
  • In adding the fish from the plastic bag, let the bag float for a while inside the tank to balance the temperature between the water in the tank and in the bag. At the moment the water temperature is on the proper range, you can now pour the fish and the water it used to swim to.

Conclusion

Did you enjoy this tutorial? Learning the basic knowledge in moving fish will save their lives, as the proper steps on how to transport fish is very crucial for their survival. Write to us about your comments if you find this tutorial very interesting, like and share this article with your friends and love ones, especially those who often move to another place of residence, you can surely help them to keep their fish alive and well.

How To Clean A Turtle Tank In 8 Simple Steps

Taking care of turtles at home is so much fun. It could really make an adrenaline rush as these pets are adorable creatures which could live for several years. Although these animals are easy to take care of, their habitat needs to be cleaned occasionally. Maintaining their tank clean and tidy will certainly make them healthy and happy. Turtles eat, poop, and pee on the same water they are swimming. They defecate more often compared to fish. This poop generates ammonia which is harmful to the animal in high level, which could make them sick and even worse, it could kill them.

The water filter in your tank may not fully suction the amount of ammonia the turtles produce, that is why you have to replace the water in the tank at least once a month. Once you are adept in cleaning and taking care of the tank’s hygiene, you will find that it does not take so much time and effort in giving your turtle a clean habitat where it can be happy and healthy. This article features one popular method on how to clean a turtle tank that will make you an expert in just simple steps.

What You Will Need To Do This Tutorial

These are the things that you have to prepare before you do the cleaning:

  • 5-gallon bucket.
  • Pieces of clean cloth.
  • Scrubber.
  • Water conditioner (such as an AquaSafe Solution).
  • Thermometer.
  • Aquarium Testing Kit (such as Tetra EasyStrips brand).

Step By Step Instructions

The first thing you must remember after you are done cleaning the tank is to set the proper temperature of the water and its proper chemistry. Keeping the water essentially clean for drinking and swimming will make your turtle as healthy as ever. Here are 8 simple steps on how to clean a turtle tank.

Prepare The Tank For Cleaning

Before you transfer the turtle to a bucket, make sure that it has enough space to swim and roam around the bucket freely. If your 5-gallon bucket is not enough, pick the one with a bigger size. Take away the tank’s decorations (plants, substrate, rocks and other ornaments) as these will also be cleaned. Put these in a clean container and don’t let them touch the floor. Always remember the arrangement of your ornaments and devices and put them back to where they are located after cleaning is done. This will avoid disorienting the turtle.

Some Piece Of Advice

By the way, before we go on with our tutorial, here are some important advice from the experts: The size of your tank should be large enough to enable the turtle to swim and play inside the tank. One determinant to know how big your tank should be is the popular “rule of shell”.

This rule suggests that for every inch of the carapace (the turtle’s hard outer shell), you would need at least 10 gallons of water. Therefore, if your turtle has 3-inch carapace, you should have 30-gallon capacity inside your tank. For every additional turtle, size your tank with the biggest turtle and add half of the volume of water according to the length of the second turtle’s carapace. So, for further illustration, if you have a one 3-inch and one 2-inch turtle, you should have a tank capacity of 40 gallons (30 + 10 gallons).

Transfer The Turtle In A Clean Bucket

Fill the bucket with water more than enough to enable the turtle to swim and keep it hydrated. Then, transfer the turtle into the bucket. Do it slowly and carefully as the turtle might be hurt with your grip. Also, turtle bites and it might hurt your hands. So, do it gently but with caution. Put some peat and rocks inside the bucket to give your pet something to climb into.

Unplug And Remove Filters/ Heater

Unplug the filters and heater before you take them away. Put them in the sink, making sure it is clean. You can later clean these devices without detergent.

Cleaning The Tank

Bring the tank outside of the house or in your kitchen sink or wherever you are most comfortable. If you can’t do it alone, summon someone to help you. Make sure that your drain will never be clogged up by solid objects (such as shredded shells and other debris) from the tank. Pour all the content of the tank carefully so as not to damage the tank. Then, using a scrubber and a clean piece of cloth, scrub and wipe all the debris that adheres to the tank’s walls and floor.

Never use detergent as this will make your pet sick because of the toxins it contained. Detergents are proven to damage turtle’s respiratory system. When you are sure the tank’s interior and exterior are totally free of debris, rinse the tank thoroughly (3 to 5 times will be sufficient enough). When you are sure that the tank is totally clean, dry it up with another piece of clean cloth, then put it where it was before cleaning.

Clean The Substrate, Ornaments, And Devices

After you have cleaned the tank, clean all the decorations, substrate, and devices. Again, do not use detergent to wash these things. Just rinse them thoroughly with running water to clean out dirt, soiled food, and other debris. If dirt can’t be removed by wiping, try scrubbing them gently.

Fill The Tank With Water

If you are using water from the tank, which is commonly the case, be sure to put some dose of water conditioner into it to dechlorinate the water. Chlorine is toxic to turtles, so better be sure that the water has no any trace of the chemical which is always present in tap water. Fill the tank half full with water.

Add The Substrate, Ornaments, And Devices

Then put the cleaned filters and heaters where they were before you clean the tank. Add the ornaments and place them in the same spot as where you have taken them. This will minimize stress on the turtle and consequently avoid confusion.

Let the filters and heater run for about an hour and afterward test the water’s chemistry using Tetra EasyStrips (or similar brand). The pH level should be between 7 and 8; while ammonia, chlorine, and nitrite levels should be zero. The nitrate level must not be over 40 ppm. Set the tank’s water temperature between 70 to 75F (21- 26.6C). There are additives you can buy from your local pet store if any chemical level is not acceptable. These additives will lower or raise the level of each element.

Put The Turtle Back In The Tank

After the water is in its right chemical composition, and the temperature is set to its right level, you can put the turtle back in its favorite spot. Be sure to give it the most delicious worm or its favorite food. You have now successfully cleaned your turtle’s tank!

Conclusion

Did you enjoy this tutorial? How to clean a turtle tank is truly easy and need only simple tools you can at home. Now that you have the knowledge to do it, you can certainly do it again with ease and confidence.

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